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The Promotion of Water Fluoridation: An Historical Overview
…Three historical cases of major technological innovations whose benefits and risks were the subject of heated public controversy are examined, in search of lessons that may suggest a path toward consensus in the biotechnology debate. In each of the cases-water fluoridation, nuclear power and pesticides-proponents of the technology gathered scientific evidence that they believed established […]
In this chapter, I present a number of cases in which attempts have been made to stop antifluoridationists from expressing their views, doing research, and practicing dentistry. The number of cases is very large, and they fall into comprehensible patterns. In my study of this phenomenon in other areas, there are always many more cases occurring than end up being documented.
Suppressed Science: A Stain on Society
Most of us would be incredulous if we were told that scientific papers on some sensitive subjects are being routinely rejected by journals for political reasons. The more informed among the readership might suggest that papers are sometimes rejected because of national security considerations, but almost never for purely political reasons. Unfortunately, our confidence in […]
Is Science Censored? Ideology May Influence What Studies Get Published
“Publicity…would certainly follow,” fretted the editor of one top journal. “A possible general panic,” predicted a researcher. Both were explaining why a study linking childhood leukemia to fluorescent lights should not be published. That fear trumped the conclusion of other reviewers–scientists who evaluate whether a manuscript should be published in a journal–who called the paper […]
New Evidence on Fluoride and the Developing Brain
In 2007, the question of how fluoride affects the developing brain gained renewed attention from researchers around the world. Research teams from Brazil, China, India, Italy, Mexico, and the United States conducted important new analyses, including 3 new studies investigating fluoride’s impact on childhood IQ, and several new animal studies investigating fluoride’s effects on learning, memory, and behavior
Impact of Fluoride on Neurological Development in Children
In a meta-analysis, researchers from Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH) and China Medical University in Shenyang for the first time combined 27 studies and found strong indications that fluoride may adversely affect cognitive development in children. Based on the findings, the authors say that this risk should not be ignored, and that more research on fluoride’s impact on the developing brain is warranted.
Ministry of not-so-funny walks
The fluorosis problem is “enormous, unbelievable,” says Andezhath Susheela of the Fluorosis Research and Rural Development Foundation in Delhi. She has been unravelling the national story for a decade during which time her estimate of the number of people leading “a painful and crippled life” from fluorosis has risen from one million to 25 million and now to 60 million — six million of them children.
Health Warning: The Thyroid and Fluoride
There are four important lines of evidence that indicate fluoride interferes with the thyroid gland. This article briefly summarizes each of these four areas.
No Link Found Between (Low-Fluoride) Bottled Water and Tooth Decay
Over the past decade, there has been a steady drumbeat of press warning of the risks from drinking bottled water. The idea — kept alive by press releases from dental associations — is that because most bottled waters have low levels of fluoride, people switching from tap water (which is usually fluoridated) to bottled water will not receive a […]
50 Reasons to Oppose Fluoridation
Introduction In Europe, only Ireland (73%), Poland (1%), Serbia (3%), Spain (11%), and the U.K. (11%) fluoridate any of their water. Most developed countries, including Japan and 97% of the western European population, do not consume fluoridated water. In the U.S., about 70% of public water supplies are fluoridated. This equates to approximately 185 million people, which […]