Fluoride Action Network

Communities Which Have Rejected Fluoridation Since 1990

Compiled by Fluoride Action Network (with help from Merilyn Hanes & Maureen Jones)

From the very start, water fluoridation has always been an unpopular program. In its 60+ year history, the majority of U.S. communities that have had an opportunity to vote on the measure have rejected it. Fluoridation was thus established in the U.S. not through public referenda, but executive actions by government bodies. For a brief history on public opposition to fluoridation in the U.S., click here.

Community / Country

Population

Date

Yoshikawa, Japan 70,000 February 2015
Montello, Wisconsin 1,500 February 2015
Brackenridge Borough, Pennsylvania 3,240 February 2015
Boynton Beach, Florida 71,100 January 2015
Doomadgee, Australia 1,000 January 2015
Cavan County Council, Ireland

* Ireland is a country that has mandatory fluoridation which can only be ended by a vote of the national government. However, councils are taking positions on the issue. “A proposal has been passed by the members of Cavan County Council to ask the executive to write to Irish Water seeking an end to the practice of adding fluoride to public water supplies.”

[* 73,000] January 2015
Galway Council, Ireland

* Ireland is a country that has mandatory fluoridation which can only be ended by a vote of the national government. However, councils are taking positions on the issue. The Galway Council unanimously supported a motion to record “its opposition to the current policy of water fluoridation in Ireland… calls on the Government to organise a national referendum on water fluoridation in the next 18 months, (possibly in tandem with another referendum), which will educate the public thoroughly on both sides of the debate and allow their voice to be heard on this important public health issue..”

[* 75,600] January 26, 2015
Leitrim County Council, Ireland

* Ireland is a country that has mandatory fluoridation which can only be ended by a vote of the national government. However, councils are taking positions on the issue. The Leitrim County Council unanimously supported a motion to call upon the government “to ban the addition of fluoride to water supplies.”

[* 31,800] January 12, 2015
Wexford County Council, Ireland

* Ireland is a country that has mandatory fluoridation which can only be ended by a vote of the national government. However, councils are taking positions on the issue. The Wexford County Council voted unanimously to ask the government to cease and reverse Ireland’s Health (fluoridation of water) Act of 1960.

[* 150,000] January 12, 2015
Schuylkill Haven, Pennsylvania 5,340 January 7, 2015
Ford City, Pennsylvania 3,000 December 29, 2014
La Prairie, Quebec, Canada 20,000 December 2, 2014
Warwick, Queensland, Australia 13,400 November 26, 2014
Stanthorpe, Queensland, Australia 900 November 26, 2014
Allora, Queensland, Australia 5,400 November 26, 2014
Yangan, Queensland, Australia 400 November 26, 2014
Preston, Georgia 400 November 17, 2014
Weston, Georgia 80 November 17, 2014
Prince George, British Columbia, Canada 71,970 November 16, 2014
Sparwood, British Columbia, Canada 3,500 November 16, 2014
Kerry County Council, Ireland

* Ireland is a country that has mandatory fluoridation which can only be ended by a vote of the national government. However, councils are taking positions on the issue. The Kerry County Council voted unanimously to “write to the Government calling for the cessation of public water fluoridation.”

[* 145,500] November 10, 2014
Southampton and parts of Hampshire County, UK 195,000 October 28, 2014
Richmond, Quebec, Canada 3,300 October 20, 2014
Dublin, Ireland

* Ireland is a country that has mandatory fluoridation which can only be ended by a vote of the national government. However, councils are taking positions on the issue. Dublin’s city council “adopted an anti fluoride position and further, will be calling on the Government to end Ireland’s mandatory water fluoridation policy with immediate effect.”

[* 500,000+] October 7, 2014
Shell Lake, Wisconsin 1,400 September 2014
Oliver Springs, Tennessee 3,300 September 4, 2014
ISRAEL
•See FAN Bulletin
7.9 MILLION August 26, 2014
(Official end date)
Waynesville, Missouri 5,200 August 21, 2014
Rotorua, New Zealand 70,000 July 31, 2014
Montrose, Colorodo 19,000 July 31, 2014
Bucks County, Pennsylvania 385,000 July 1, 2014
Camden, Tennessee 3,620 June 12, 2014
Oberon, New South Wales, Australia 2,500 May 26, 2014
Boyne, Michigan

* On November 4, 2014, the city commissioners voted to resume fluoridation.

[* 3,800] May 19, 2014
Clonakilty, West Cork, Ireland

* Ireland is a country that has mandatory fluoridation which can only be ended by a vote of the national government. However, councils are taking positions on the issue. Clonakilty Town Council called for an end to fluoridation in 2013. In 2014, “Seven local businesses have all installed reverse osmosis water filtration systems to assure their customers that all food and beverage products prepared on site are fluoride-free… Fluoride-free status is achieved through a minimum of six businesses in a town having reverse osmosis fluoride filtration installed.”

[* 4,721] May 16, 2014
Buffalo, Missouri 3,100 May 12, 2014
Bolton, England 276,790 May 6, 2014
Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada 76,550 March 11, 2014
Hernando County, Florida 173,422 February 26, 2014
Macroom Town Council, Ireland

* Ireland is a country that has mandatory fluoridation which can only be ended by a vote of the national government. However, councils are taking positions on the issue.

[* 3,600] February 7, 2014
Wellington, Florida 58,679 January 28, 2014
Bantry Town Council, Ireland

* Ireland is a country that has mandatory fluoridation which can only be ended by a vote of the national government. However, councils are taking positions on the issue.

[* 3,300] January 25, 2014
Amherst County, Virginia 33,000
# on municipal water unknown
January 2014
Wood Village, Oregon 4,000 January 20, 2014
Huntsville, Ontario, Canada 19,100 January 2014
Lake of Bays, Ontario, Canada 3,500 January 2014
Atwood, Tennessee 930 December 2013
Hoopa Valley (Humboldt County), California 2,633 November 21, 2013
Byron Shire (NSW), Australia 29,000 November 20, 2013
Cotati (Sonoma County), California 7,300 November 12, 2013
Forsyth, Missouri 2,280 October 21, 2013
Muskoka, Ontario, Canada 58,000 October 21, 2013
Davis, California 66,000 October 1, 2013
Tottenham, Ontario, Canada 4,800 September 30, 2013
Columbia, Tennessee 27,000 September 25, 2013
Woodland, Washington state 5,625 August 19, 2013
Mount Isa, Queensland, Australia 23,000 August 13, 2013
Parkland, Washington 35,800 June 2013
Hamilton, New Zealand 145,600 June 5, 2013
Portland, Oregon 900,000 May 21, 2013
Rockhampton, Queensland, Australia
61,700 May 14, 2013
Kenton, Tennessee 1,525 May 8, 2013
Southwest Harbor, Maine 2,000 May 7, 2013
Innisfail, Queensland, Australia 1,075 April 23, 2013
Whitsunday Regional Council, Queensland, Australia 37,000 April 9, 2013
Au Gres, Michigan 890 March 2013
Charters Towers, Queensland, Australia 9,573 March 2013
Tyrone, Pennsylvania 5,500 March 2013
Lebanon, Tennessee 27,710 March 2013
Cloncurry, Queensland, Australia 2,800 February 25, 2013
Olivehurst, California 14,000 February 22, 2013
Plumas Lake, California
(affected by decision of the Olivehurt Public Utility)
6,000 February 22, 2013
Smithville, Missouri 8,500 February 22, 2013
Fraser Coast, Queensland, Australia
102,000 February 21, 2013
Hervey Bay, Queensland, Australia (Fraser Coast) February 21, 2013
Maryborough, Queensland, Australia (Fraser Coast) February 21, 2013
Tiaro, Queensland, Australia (Fraser Coast) February 21, 2013
Burdekin, Queensland, Australia
18,192
(2006 estimate)
February 12, 2013
Ayr, Queensland, Australia (Burdekin area) 9,000 February 12, 2013
Home Hill, Queensland, Australia (Burdekin area) 3,050 February 12, 2013
Brandon, Queensland, Australia (Burdekin area) 900 February 12, 2013
Bundaberg region, Queensland, Australia
100,000 February 12, 2013
Bargara, Queensland, Australia (Bundaberg region) 7,000 February 12, 2013
Childers, Queensland, Australia (Bundaberg region) 1,700 February 12, 2013
Gin Gin, Queensland, Australia (Bundaberg region) 2,000 February 12, 2013
St. Croix Falls, Wisconsin 2,126 February 2013
Balsam Lake, Wisconsin 1,000 February 4, 2013
Cairns, Queensland, Australia
153,000 January 29, 2013
Mossman, Queensland, Australia (Cairns area) 1,740 January 29, 2013
Port Douglas, Queensland, Australia (Cairns area) 3,200 January 29, 2013
Windsor, Ontario, Canada 279,000 January 28, 2013
La Salle, Ontario, Canada (affected by Windsor vote) 29,000 January 28, 2013
Tecumseh, Ontario, Canada (affected by Windsor vote) 24,000 January 28, 2013
Doomadgee Aboriginal Council, Australia 1,300 January 2013
Biggenden, Queensland, Australia (North Burnett area) 690 January 2013
Eidsvold, Queensland, Australia (North Burnett area) 630 January 2013
Gayndah, Queensland, Australia (North Burnett area) 1,800 January 2013
Monto, Queensland, Australia (North Burnett area) 1,300 January 2013
Mount Perry, Queensland, Australia (North Burnett area) 500 January 2013
Mundubbera, Queensland, Australia (North Burnett area) 1,050 January 2013
South Burnett, Queensland, Australia
28,191 January 2013
Blackbutt, Queensland, Australia (South Burnett) 1,055 January 2013
Nanango, Queensland, Australia (South Burnett) 3,083 January 2013
Kingaroy, Queensland, Australia (South Burnett) 7,620 January 2013
Wondai, Queensland, Australia (South Burnett) 1,402 January 2013
Murgon, Queensland, Australia (South Burnett) 2,131 January 2013
Pine Island, Florida 13,000 water customers December 11, 2012
Atherton, Queensland, Australia (Tablelands Regional Council) 7,300 December 2012
Mareeba, Queensland, Australia (Tablelands Regional Council) 10,200 December 2012
Kuranda, Queensland, Australia (Tablelands Regional Council) 3,000 December 2012
Malanda, Queensland, Australia (Tablelands Regional Council) 2,100 December 2012
Kirkland Lake, Ontario, Canada 8,133 December 2012
Milton, Florida 7,000 November 2012
Bradford, Vermont 788 November 2012
Romulus, New York 400 November 2012
Pulaski, New York 2,367 November 13, 2012
Wichita, Kansas 385,000 November 6, 2012
Harvard, Nebraska 1,000 November 6, 2012
Crescent City, California 14,000 November 6, 2012
Lake View, Iowa 1,130 October 17, 2012
Cassadaga, New York 631 October 17, 2012
Waipukurau, New Zealand 4,000 September 28, 2012
Cunnamulla, Queensland, Australia 1,217 August 9, 2012
Orillia, Ontario, Canada 30,300 July 17, 2012
Rosetown, Saskatchewan, Canada 2,300 July 16, 2012
Santa Fe, New Mexico 68,642 July 11, 2012
Argos, Indiana 1,693 June 6, 2012
Bassett, Nebraska 607 May 15, 2011
Palisades, Colorado 3,000 May 15, 2012
Pevely, Missouri 6,000 May 1, 2012
Lakeville, Indiana 785 Spring 2012
North Liberty, Indiana 1,895 Spring 2012
Walkerton, Indiana 2,142 Spring 2012
Okotoks, Alberta, Canada 25,000 April 23, 2012
Curacao 140,000 April 22, 2012
Albuquerque, New Mexico 500,000 April 11, 2012
West Manheim, Pennsylvania 8,000 April 8, 2012
Bourbon, Indiana 2,000 March 20, 2012
Amherstburg, Ontario, Canada 20,000 February 7, 2012
Bolivar, Missouri 11,000 February 7, 2012
Myerstown, Pennsylvania  3,500 January 13, 2012
Hartland Township, Michigan  14,800 December 20, 2011
Moncton, New Brunswick, Canada  140,000 December 19, 2011
Dieppe, New Brunswick, Canada  20,000 December 12, 2011
Grantsburg, Wisconsin 1,300 December 12, 2011
Lake Cowichan, British Columbia, Canada 3,000 November 19, 2011
Williams Lake, British Columbia, Canada 11,200 November 19, 2011
Amesbury, Massachusetts 16,500 November 8, 2011
Lakeshore, Ontario, Canada 33,000 October 31, 2011
Palmer, Alaska 8,400 October 25, 2011
Lawrenceburg, Tennessee 11,000 October 18, 2011
Churchill, Manitoba, Canada 1,000 October 18, 2011
New Plymouth, New Zealand 50,000 October 13, 2011
Palmer, Alaska 8,400 October 11, 2011
Welsh, Louisiana 3,500 October 4, 2011
Spencer, Indiana /BPP Water 10,500 September 30, 2011
College Station, Texas 100,000 September 22, 2011
Slave Lake, Alberta, Canada 7,000 September 12, 2011
Hohenwald, Tennessee 4,000 September 6, 2011
Pottstown, Pennsylvania 15,500 August 16, 2011
Spring Hill, Tennessee 30,000 August 15, 2011
Taber, Alberta, Canada 6,500 July 20, 2011
Meadow Lake, Saskatchewan, Canada 5,000 July 4, 2011
Taumarunui, New Zealand 5,000 June 30, 2011
Fairbanks, Alaska 80,000 June 6, 2011
Naples Village, New York 1,070 May 18, 2011
Mount Clemens, Michigan 17,300 May 16, 2011
Holmen, Wisconsin 6,200 April 27, 2011
Lago Vista, Texas 6,500 April 21, 2011
Mechanicsville, Iowa 1,200 April 17, 2011
Marcellus, Michigan 1,100 March 17, 2011
Independence, Virginia 1,000 February 16, 2011
Calgary, Alberta, Canada 1,300,000 February 8, 2011
Yellow Springs, Ohio 3,200 February 7, 2011
Verchères, Québec, Canada 5,240 February 7, 2011
Schuylkill Haven, Pennsylvania 5,500 January 19, 2011
(First announced Feb 4, 2010)
Sparta, North Carolina 2,000 November 15, 2010
Tellico, Tennessee 900 November 4, 2010
Athabasca, Alberta, Canada 2,600 November 1, 2010
Waterloo, St. Jacobs and Elmira, Ontario, Canada 103,000 October 25, 2010
O’Fallon, Missouri 80,519 October 5, 2010
Red Bay, Alabama 3,177 September 15, 2010
Napa, California 77,867 August 17, 2010
Sandpoint, Idaho 7,354 July 24, 2010
Selmer, Tennessee 4,500 June 10, 2010
Kaikohe, New Zealand 4,000 May 17, 2010
Kaitaia, New Zealand 5,200 May 17, 2010
Crete, Nebraska 7,000 May 11, 2010
Dakota City, Nebraska 1,900 May 11, 2010
Franklin County, Nebraska 3,200 May 11, 2010
Norfolk, Nebraska 24,200 May 11, 2010
Wahoo, Nebraska 4,500 May 11, 2010
Gatineau, Québec, Canada 265,349 May 5, 2010
Schuylkill Haven Borough, Pennsylvania 5,000 February 4, 2010
Xenia, Ohio 25,900 December 16, 2009
Beacon, New York 15,500 December 7, 2009
Amery, Wisconsin
(Decision reversed in 2010)
2,800 November 30, 2009
Wisner, Nebraska 1,100 November 10, 2009
Yutan, Nebraska 1,190 November 10, 2009
Humboldt, Kansas 1,940 September 22, 2009
Wakefield, Nebraska 1,400 September 15, 2009
Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada 108,359 July 21, 2009
Plainfield, Vermont (voted to remove fluoride)  1,333 March 3, 2009
Chippewa Falls, Wisconsin (for the 2nd time)  13,661 February 17, 2009
Skagit County, Washington 116,900 February 10, 2009
Big Canoe, Georgia 23,181 January 8, 2009
Cranberry Portage, Manitoba, Canada 615 January 1, 2009
Drayton Valley, Alberta, Canada 7,000 December 31, 2008
Test Valley Borough Council (UK) November 13, 2008
Jackman, Maine 690 November 4, 2008
Moose River, Maine 200 November 4, 2008
Corning, New York 11,000 November 4, 2008
Ainsworth, Nebraska 1,700 November 4, 2008
Aurora, Nebraska 4,400 November 4, 2008
Battle Creek, Nebraska 1,200 November 4, 2008
Bayard, Nebraska 1,200 November 4, 2008
Beatrice, Nebraska 12,400 November 4, 2008
Bridgeport, Nebraska 1,500 November 4, 2008
Broken Bow, Nebraska 3,500 November 4, 2008
Cambridge, Nebraska 1,060 November 4, 2008
Central City, Nebraska 2,900 November 4, 2008
Chadron, Nebraska 5,800 November 4, 2008
Cozad, Nebraska 3,900 November 4, 2008
Crawford, Nebraska 990 November 4, 2008
David City, Nebraska 2,900 November 4, 2008
Eagle, Nebraska 1,000 November 4, 2008
Friend, Nebraska 1,000 November 4, 2008
Geneva, Nebraska 2,200 November 4, 2008
Gothenburg, Nebraska 3,500 November 4, 2008
Grand Island, Nebraska 48,500 November 4, 2008
Grant, Nebraska 1,160 November 4, 2008
Hastings, Nebraska 24,900 November 4, 2008
Hebron, Nebraska 1,500 November 4, 2008
Imperial, Nebraska 2,070 November 4, 2008
Kimball, Nebraska 2,400 November 4, 2008
Lexington, Nebraska 10,200 November 4, 2008
Madison, Nebraska 2,400 November 4, 2008
Milford, Nebraska 2,090 November 4, 2008
Mitchell, Nebraska 1,700 November 4, 2008
North Platte, Nebraska 24,700 November 4, 2008
Ord, Nebraska 2,100 November 4, 2008
Pawnee City, Nebraska 870 November 4, 2008
Pierce, Nebraska 1,700 November 4, 2008
Plainview, Nebraska 1,200 November 4, 2008
Ravenna, Nebraska 1,300 November 4, 2008
Schuyler, Nebraska 6,200 November 4, 2008
Scottsbluff, Nebraska 15,000 November 4, 2008
Shelton, Nebraska 1,050 November 4, 2008
Sidney, Nebraska 6,750 November 4, 2008
St. Paul, Nebraska 2,290 November 4, 2008
Stanton, Nebraska 1,570 November 4, 2008
Stromsburg, Nebraska 1,170 November 4, 2008
Sutherland, Nebraska 1,280 November 4, 2008
Sutton, Nebraska 1,500 November 4, 2008
Tekamah, Nebraska 1,730 November 4, 2008
Valentine, Nebraska 2,700 November 4, 2008
Weeping Water, Nebraska 1,050 November 4, 2008
Wilber, Nebraska 1,800 November 4, 2008
Wood River, Nebraska 1,300 November 4, 2008
Wymore, Nebraska 1,400 November 4, 2008
York, Nebraska 7,700 November 4, 2008
Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin 5,900 November 4, 2008
Hyndburn, Lancashire, England 80,000 September 23, 2008
Pendle, Lancashire, England 90,000 September 18, 2008
Alamo Heights, Texas 7,470 September 8, 2008
Earnslceugh/Manuherikia, New Zealand September 8, 2008
Alexandra, New Zealand 4,850 September 8, 2008
Cromwell, New Zealand 4,000 August 18, 2008
Isle of Man 84,000 June 12, 2008
Elba, New York 2,370 June 4, 2008
Littleton, Massachusetts 8,900 May 10, 2008
Yarmouth, Massachusetts 25,000 May 6, 2008
Dryden, Ontario, Canada 7,600 April 2008
Quebec City, Canada
(after 36 years of fluoridation)
765,000 April 1, 2008
Welland, Pelham, and parts of Thorold, Ontario, Canada February 2008
Poughkeepsie, New York 32,700 February 2008
Manila, Humboldt County, Calfornia 784 February 2008
Lewisburg, Tennessee 11,000 2008
Elgin City Council, Texas 8,262 November 2007
Waitaki District Council, New Zealand October 2007
Juneau, Alaska 31,000 October 2007
O’Connor UD, Sparta, White County, Georgia August 8, 2008
Quebeck Walling UD, Sparta, White County, Georgia August 8, 2008
Cobleskill Village, Schoharie County, New York
(Decision reversed in 2009)
4,536 August 2007
Marshall County BUP#1, Lewisburg, Marshall County, Georgia July 27, 2008
Rotherham, Yorkshire, UK 117,300 June 2007
LaGuardo UD, Lebanon, Wilson County, Georgia May 20, 2008
Conewango Township, Pennsylvania 4,000 May 2008
Glade Township, Pennsylvania 4,000 May 2008
Mead Township, Pennsylvania 1,560 May 2008
Pleasant Township, Pennsylvania 2,600 May 2008
Big Creek Utility District, Grundy County, Georgia May 7, 2008
Cagle-Fredonia Utility District, Big Creek, Sequatchie, Georgia May 7, 2008
Altoona, Pennsylvania 46,000 May 2008
Beach Haven, New Jersey 1,170 April 2007
Sulphur Rock, Arkansas 450 April 2007
Mt Desert Water District, Maine March 5, 2007
East Montgomery, Tennessee 2007
Martin County, Florida 147,495
(as of 2011)
December 19, 2006
Juneau, Alaska 31,000 December 11, 2006
Central Bridge Water District, New York November 21, 2006
Ashland, Oregon
(Decision reversed in 2008)
20,000 November 21, 2006
Lenapah, Oklahoma 290 November 21, 2006
Page, Arizona 7,000 November 7, 2006
Lincoln, Maine 5,225 November 7, 2006
Rockford, Iowa 800 January 12, 2006
Golden, British Columbia, Canada 3,500 November 19, 2005
Lafayette, Tennessee 4,000 November 9, 2005
Bellingham, Washington State 80,500 November 8, 2005
Springfield, Ohio 60,000 November 8, 2005
Xenia, Ohio 25,000 November 8, 2005
Tooele, Utah 25,000 November 8, 2005
Mammoth Lakes, California 7,500 November 8, 2005
Homer, New York 3,248 November 1, 2005
Hood River, Oregon 7,000 May 2005
Neosho, Missouri 11,000 April 5, 2005
Pagosa Springs, Colorado 1,600 March 2005
Snohomish, Washington State 9,000 January 2005
Lancaster, Ohio 38,000 November 2, 2004
Hutchinson, Kansas 38,000 November 2, 2004
Clarksdale, Mississippi 21,000 October 25, 2004
Milton, Washington State 6,800 September 20, 2004
Telluride, Colorado 2,300 September 2004
Sumner, Washington State 9,000 August 2, 2004
South Blount Water District, Tennessee June 2004
Chippewa Falls, Wisconsin
(Rejected again in 2009)
13,000 April 2004
Honolulu, Hawaii 300,000 January 28, 2004
Lancaster, Ohio 38,000 January 12, 2004
Burns Lake, British Columbia, Canada 2,000 June 25, 2003
Dutton-Dunwich, Ontario, Canada 3,000 June 2003
West Elgin, Ontario, Canada 5,400 June 2003
Sequim, Washington State 6,000 May 7, 2003
York, Nebraska May 6, 2003
Columbiana, Alabama 4,000 May 2003
Canton, New York 6,000 February 18, 2003
Shaler, Pennsylvania 8,981
(as of 2010)
February 11, 2003
Billings, Montana 105,000 November 5, 2002
Kalispell, Montana 18,000 November 5, 2002
Washoe County, Nevada November 5, 2002
Methuen, Massachusetts 47,000 November 5, 2002
Redding, California 88,000 November 5, 2002
Watsonville, California 50,000 November 5, 2002
Texarkana, Arkansas 31,660 November 5, 2002
Ashdown, Arkansas 5,150 November 5, 2002
Oneida, New York 10,723 August 6, 2002
Franklin, North Carolina 3,869
(as of 2011)
May 2002
Plainville, Massachusetts 7,683 April 1, 2002
Monroe, Louisiana 51,200 February 26, 2002
Colorado Springs, Colorado 430,000 January 16, 2002
Kennewick, Washington 76,224
(as of 2011)
January 15, 2002
Bennington, Vermont 15,764 January 8, 2002
Lanai, Hawaii January 2002
Cobalt, Ontario, Canada December 11, 2001
Erie, Colorado NOTE: FAN was informed in Jan 2013 that Erie is fluoridating. We do not know when the reversal took place. November 2001
Modesto, California 202,751
(as of 2011)
November 7, 2001
Worcester, Massachusetts 181,631
(as of 2011)
November 7, 2001
Flagstaff, Arizona November 7, 2001
Sutherlin, Oregon 7,797
(as of 2011)
November 7, 2001
Kamloops, British Columbia, Canada October 13, 2001
White Salmon, Washington 2,266
(as of 2011)
September 2001
Goldendale, Washington 3,471
(as of 2011)
September 2001
Bishopville, South Carolina June 2001
Harper, Kansas 1,463
(as of 2011)
May 31, 2001
Brewster, Massachusetts 10,094 May 15, 2001
McPherson, Kansas 13,182
(as of 2011)
April 3, 2001
Norridgewock, Maine 3,367
(as of 2010)
May 5, 2001
Blue River, Wisconsin 433
(as of 2011)
February 2001
Willamina, Oregon 2,042
(as of 2011)
January 2001
Ithaca, New York 29,974 November 7, 2000
Spokane, Washington 210,103
(as of 2011)
November 7, 2000
Brattleboro, Vermont 12,005 November 7, 2000
East Wenatchee, Washington 13,375
(12 of 2011)
November 7, 2000
Shawano, Wisconsin 9,263
(as of 2011)
November 7, 2000
Nibly City, Utah November 7, 2000
Hyrum City, Utah November 7, 2000
Providence City, Utah November 7, 2000
Smithfield City, Utah November 7, 2000
Logan City, Utah November 7, 2000
River Heights, Utah November 7, 2000
Pequannock, New Jersey November 7, 2000
Ozark, Missouri 18,082
(as of 2011)
November 7, 2000
Wooster, Ohio November 7, 2000
Squamish, British Columbia, Canada October 16, 2000
Woodside, California 5,351
(as of 2011)
September 2000
Ste. Genevieve, Missouri 4,404
(as of 2011)
August 8, 2000
Winfield, Kansas 12,288
(as of 2011)
March 6, 2000
Wilmington, Massachusetts 21,363 February 15, 2000
Santa Barbara, California 89,045
(as of 2011)
November 23, 1999
Johnstown, New York 8,438 November 19, 1999
Wichita, Kansas 385,000
(as of 2011)
October 26, 1999
Boca Raton, Florida 85,329
(as of 2011)
October 25, 1999
El Carjon, California 100,928
(as of 2011)
April 27, 1999
Helix Water District, California April 7, 1999
Lakeside Water District, California April 6, 1999
Hutchinson, Kansas March 30, 1999
Riverview Water District, California March 24, 1999
La Mesa, California 57,907
(as of 2011)
March 9, 1999
Santa Cruz, California 60,342
(as of 2011)
March 4, 1999 … banned
Olympia, Washington 47,266
(as of 2011)
December 15, 1999
Bremerton, Washington 39,051
(as of 2011)
February 2, 1999
Seward, Nebraska 6,946
(as of 2011)
November 3, 1998
Whitehorse, Yukon Territory, Canada July 28, 1998… quit after 30 years
Grand Island, Nebraska 49,239
(as of 2011)
May 13, 1998… quit
Norfolk, Nebraska 24,248
(as of 2011)
May 13, 1998
North Platte, Nebraska 24,634
(as of 2011)
May 13, 1998
Washington, Missouri 14,045
(as of 2011)
April 7, 1998
Kitmat, British Columbia, Canada March 1998… quit
Hot Springs, Arkansas February 1998
Ridgefield, Oregon 4,782
(as of 2011)
December 22, 1997
Largo, Florida 77,723
(as of 2011)
July 15, 1997
Clearwater, Florida 107,784
(as of 2011)
July 15, 1997
North Redington Beach, Florida 1,418
(as of 2011)
July 15, 1997
Amsterdam, New York 17,533 May 21, 1997
Suisun City, California 28,330
(as of 2011)
May 1, 1997
Yardley, Pennsylvania 2,440
(as of 2011)
April 16, 1997
Village of Orfordville, Wisconsin 1,441
(ad of 2011)
December 9, 1996
Western Nassau County, New York 28,000 November 21, 1996… quit after 23 years
Kelowna, British Columbia, Canada November 16, 1996… quit after 42 years
Gothenberg, Nebraska 3,583
(as of 2011)
December 1996
Bloomer, Wisconsin 3,560
(as of 2011)
November 6, 1996
Kodiak, Alaska 6,000 July 12, 1996
Carle Place, New York 5,130 February 1, 1996… quit
Winter Springs, Florida 33,468
(as of 2011)
January 10, 1996
Pasco, Florida 466,457
(as of 2011)
December 14, 1995
York, Pennsylvania 43,884
(as of 2011)
July 29, 1995
Thurmont, Maryland February 3, 1994
Albany, New York 93,963 December 8, 1994
Middletown, Maryland November 1993… quit
Barnstable (Cape Cod), Massachusetts 47,821 November 4, 1993
Wagoner, Oklahoma June 17, 1993
Redwood Valley, California 1,729
(as of 2010)
February 6, 1993
Los Altos Hills (Purissima) California 8,046
(as of 2011)
1993
Campbell River, British Columbia, Canada April 1993… quit after 33 years
Port Hardy, British Columbia, Canada November 1993… quit after 19 years
Squamish, British Columbia, Canada November 1993… quit after 20 years
Fort Smith, Arkansas November 3, 1992
Milltown, Wisconsin 913
(as of 2011)
October 17, 1992
Bellingham, Washington May 19, 1992
Comox/Courtenay, British Columbia, Canada February 1992
Palm Beach County, Florida
Note: Parts of the county are fluoridated
October 22, 1991
Ketchikan, Alaska 8,000 October 2, 1991
Suffolk County, New York 1,512,224  August 15, 1991
Davis, California 66,016
(as of 2011)
December 14, 1990… 5th rejection
Morgan Hill, California 38,477
(as of 2011)
March 7, 1990… quit