Although the enamel defect caused by dental fluorosis is permanent, the tooth discoloration that fluorosis causes can be reduced, and sometimes eliminated, through cosmetic treatment. Treatment options for fluorosis, however, will depend on the severity of the fluorosis. Three common treatment options include:
- Micro-abrasion: Abrasion involves finely sanding off the outer layer of the enamel. It is a common approach when the fluorosis is very mild and mild. A recent published study indicates that it may also work for moderate fluorosis as well. (Limeback 2006). However, if the fluorosis is of a more advanced severity, abrasion is probably not a good idea as it can bring to the tooth’s surface highly-porous enamel that will be prone to attrition.
For advanced forms of fluorosis, the two main options are composite bonding and veneers.
- Composite bonding: Composite bonding first involves lightly roughening the area of the damaged enamel. After etching the enamel, a composite resin (with a color matching your teeth) is “glued” on to the exterior of the tooth.
- Porcelain veneers/laminates: Veneers form a ceramic shell over the surface of the tooth. This treatment option is an expensive one, particularly since the veneers may need to be replaced after several years.
To determine which method of treating fluorosis will be best for you, contact your local dentist. If your dentist doesn’t specialize in cosmetic dentistry, he/she should be able to refer you to a nearby dentist who does.
Limeback H, et al. (2006). Improving esthetically objectionable human enamel fluorosis with a simple microabrasion technique. European Journal of Oral Science 114(Supp 1): 123-26.
Loguercio AD, et al. (2007). Clinical effectiveness of two microabrasion materials for the removal of enamel fluorosis stains. Operative Dentistry 32:531-8. Full text available online at: http://www.jopdentonline.org/doi/abs/10.2341/06-172.
Ramalho KM, et al. (2010). A minimally invasive procedure for esthetic achievement: enamel microabrasion of fluorosis stains. General Dentistry 58:e225-9.
2) Treatment for Severe fluorosis:
Ng F, Manton DJ. (2007). Aesthetic management of severely fluorosed incisors in an adolescent female. Australian Dental Journal 52:243-48.
Noble J, et al. (2008). What additional precautions should I take when bonding to severely fluorotic teeth? Journal of the Canadian Dental Association 74:891-2. Full text available online at: http://www.cda-adc.ca/jcda/vol-74/issue-10/891.pdf
The Absurdities of Water Fluoridation
[caption id="attachment_10205" align="alignleft" width="190"] Paul Connett, PhD[/caption] Water fluoridation is a peculiarly American phenomenon. It started at a time when Asbestos lined our pipes, lead was added to gasoline, PCBs filled our transformers and DDT was deemed so "safe and effective" that officials felt no qualms spraying kids in school classrooms
Why I am now officially opposed to adding fluoride to drinking water
April, 2000 To whom it may concern: Since April of 1999, I have publicly decried the addition of fluoride, especially hydrofluosilicic acid, to drinking water for the purpose of preventing tooth decay. The following summarize my reasons. New evidence for lack of effectiveness of fluoridation in modern times. [caption id="attachment_10211" align="alignleft" width="150"] Dr. Hardy
50 Reasons to Oppose Fluoridation
Introduction [caption id="attachment_11821" align="alignleft" width="200"] Dr. Paul Connett[/caption] In Europe, only Ireland (73%), Poland (1%), Serbia (3%), Spain (11%), and the U.K. (11%) fluoridate any of their water. Most developed countries, including Japan and 97% of the western European population, do not consume fluoridated water. In the U.S., about 70% of public water supplies are
Fluoride & IQ: The 51 Studies
As of September 2017, a total of 58 studies have investigated the relationship between fluoride and human intelligence, and over 40 studies have investigated the relationship fluoride and learning/memory in animals. Of these investigations, 51 of the 58 human studies have found that elevated fluoride exposure is associated with reduced IQ,
Fluoride's Effect on Fetal Brain
The human placenta does not prevent the passage of fluoride from a pregnant mother's bloodstream to the fetus. As a result, a fetus can be harmed by fluoride ingested pregnancy. Based on research from China, the fetal brain is one of the organs susceptible to fluoride poisoning. As highlighted by the excerpts
Fluoride's Neurobehavioral Effects in Humans & Animals
In addition to studies linking fluoride to reduced IQ in humans, and impaired learning/memory in animals, human and animal studies have also linked fluoride to a variety of other neurobehavioral effects. These studies, which are excerpted below, provide yet further evidence that fluoride is a neurotoxin. The importance of considering other
Email Exchange with FDA re: Fluoride Supplements
Email exchange regarding FDA's reasons for not approving fluoride supplements.
Harvard's Statement on Chester Douglass/Scientific Misconduct
Statement Concerning the Outcome of the Review into Allegations of Research Misconduct Involving Fluoride Research BOSTON-August 15, 2006-The Harvard Medical School and School of Dental Medicine (HSDM) review of Chester Douglass, DMD, PhD, professor of oral health policy and epidemiology at HSDM, has concluded that Douglass did not intentionally omit, misrepresent,
The 'Altered Recommendations' of the 1983 Surgeon General's Panel
"We believe that EPA staff and managers should be called to testify, along with members of the 1983 Surgeon Generals panel and officials of the Department of Human Services, to explain how the original recommendations of the Surgeon Generals panel were altered to allow EPA to set otherwise unjustifiable drinking water standards for fluoride."
Related Miscellaneous Content: