Fluoride Action Network

Removal of Fluoride from Ground Water by Adsorption Using Industrial Solid Waste (Fly Ash)

Source: International Conference on Pure and Applied Chemistry | October 11th, 2017 | By Gargi Maitra Chakraborty, Saroj Kumar Das, Sailendra Nath Mandal
Location: International
Industry type: Miscellaneous

ABSTRACT: The fluoride removal ability of industrial waste (fly ash) from ground water was studied at different concentrations, contact times, reaction temperatures, adsorbent dosage, coexisting anions and pH of the solution. The rate constants of adsorption, intraparticle transport, mass transfer coefficients and thermodynamic parameters have been calculated at 303 K, 313 K and 323 K. The empirical model has been tested at various concentrations for the present system. The removal of fluoride is favourable at low concentration (5 ppm), high temperature (313 K) and under highly acidic conditions. The batch adsorption process fitted well the Langmuir isotherm and the adsorption kinetics followed the pseudo-second-order rate equation. The physicochemical properties of fly ash were characterized by X-ray diffraction, Fourier Transform infrared spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy.

*See study at https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-3-319-60408-4_6