Fluoride Action Network

Private: FAN Bibliography

The FAN Bibliography provides the complete reference list for all studies cited by the Fluoride Action Network, whether in electronic or print format. Many new studies have recently been added.

FAN Bibliography (A-C)


Aardema MJ, Gibson DP, LeBoeuf RA. 1989. Sodium fluoride-induced chromosome aberrations in different stages of the cell cycle: a proposed mechanism. Mutation Research. 223:191-203. [ Abstract ] **Erratum in: Mutat Res 1989 Aug;223(4):417.

Abukurah AR, Moser AM, Baird CL, Randall RE, Setter JG, Blanke RV. 1972. Acute Sodium Fluoride Poisoning. J Am Med Assoc 222:816-17. [Abstract ]

Adair SM. 1999. Overview of the history and current status of fluoride sup plementation schedules. Journal of Public Health Dentistry 1999 59(4):252-8. [ Abstract ]

Adamek E, Pawlowska-Goral K, Bober K.. 2005. In vitro and in vivo effects of fluoride ions on enzyme activity. Ann Acad Med Stetin. 51(2):69-85. [ Abstract ]

Adams PH, Jowsey J. 1965. Sodium fluoride in the treatment of osteoporosis and other bone diseases. Annals of Internal Medicine. 63(6): 1151-1155. [ Excerpt ]

Agency for Toxic Substances & Disease Registry (ATSDR). 2003. Toxicological profile for fluorides, hydrogen fluoride, and fluorine. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service. Full Report

Agate JN, et al. 1949. Industrial fluorosis: A study of the hazard to man and animals near Fort William, Scotland. Medical Research Council Memorandum No. 22. His Majesty’s Stationery Office, London.

Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). 1993. Beryllium. ATSDR Toxicological Profile. Prepared by Syracuse Research Corporation under subcontract to Clement International Corporation under contract no. 205-88-0608. Prepared for US Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. April. Full Report

Agalakova NI, Gusev GP. 2008. Diverse effects of fluoride on NA+ and K+ transport across the rat erythrocyte membrane. Fluoride 41(1)28–39. January-March. [ AbstractFull Report ]

Ahmadian MR, et al. 1997. Aluminum fluoride associates with the small guanine nucleotide binding proteins. FEBS Letters 408(3):315-8. [ Abstract ]

Ainsworth NJ. 1933. Mottled teeth. Brit. Dent. J., 55: 233-25- and 274-276.

Akdogan M, Eraslan G, Gultekin F, Sahindokuyucu F, Essiz D. 2004. Effects of fluoride on lipid peroxidation in rabbits. Fluoride 37(3):185-189. [ Abstract Full Report ]

Akiniwa, K. 1997. Re-examination of acute toxicity of fluoride. Fluoride 30(2):89-104. [ AbstractFull Report ]

Alarcon-Herrera MT, et al. 2001. Well water fluoride, dental fluorosis, bone fractures in the Guadiana Valley of Mexico. Fluoride. 34(2): 139-149. [ AbstractFull Report ]

Albanese R. 1987. Sodium fluoride and chromosome damage (in vitro human lymphocyte and in vivo micronucleus assays). Mutagenesis 2:497-9. [ Abstract ]

Albert DA, Findley S, Mitchell DA, Park K, McManus JM.  2002.  Dental caries among disadvantaged 3- to 4-year old children in northern Manhattan. Pediatr Dent. 24(3):229-33. May-June. [ Abstract ]

Alberts B, Shine K. 1998. Fluoride is not an essential element: Letter from Bruce Alberts, President, National Academy of Sciences, and Kenneth Shine, President, Institute of Medicine. November 18. [ See letter ]

Alhava EM, Olkkonen H, Kauranen P, Kari T. 1980. The effect of drinking water fluoridation on the fluoride content, strength and mineral density of human bone. Acta Orthop Scand. 51: 413-420. [ Abstract ]

Al-Hiyasat AS, Elbetieha AM, Darmani H. 2000. Reproductive toxic effects of ingestion of sodium fluoride in female rats. Fluoride 33(2):79-84. [ AbstractFull Report ]

Alkhatib MN, Holt R, Bedi R. 2004. Aesthetically objectionable fluorosis in the United Kingdom. British Dental Journal 197:325-28. [ Abstract ]

Allain P, Gauchard F, Krari N. 1996. Enhancement of aluminum digestive absorption by fluoride in rats. Res Commun Mol Pathol Pharmacol. 91(2):225-31. February. [ Abstract ]

Allen K, Agosta C, Estafan D. 2004. Using microabrasive material to remove fluorosis stains. Journal of the American Dental Association 135(3):319-23. [ Abstract ]

Allmann DW, et al. 1986. Stimulation of cAMP accumulation in rat aorta and diaphragm by fluorine containing compounds. Res Comm Chem Pathol Pharmacol 52(3):275-84. [ Abstract ]

American Dental Association (ADA). 1979. White Paper on Fluoridation.  http://www.fluoridealert.org/content/1979-ada-white-paper/

American Dental Association (ADA). 2006. Interim Guidance on Reconstituted Infant Formula. ADA,eGRAM. November 9. Available at http://fluoridealert.org/studytracker/19192/

Amini H, Taghavi Shahri SM, Amini M, et al. 2011. Drinking water fluoride and blood pressure: an environmental study. Biol Trace Elem Res 144(1-3):157-63. [ Abstract ]

An JA, Mei SZ, Liu AP et al. 1992. The effects of high fluoride on the level of intelligence of primary and secondary students. Chinese Journal of Control of Endemic Diseases 7(2):93-94. [Chinese text | FAN’s translation]

An L, et al. 2004. Combined effects of vitamin E and fluoride on reproductive function in male mice. Chinese Journal of Control of Endemic Disease. Available online at: http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-DYBF200403001.htm

Anand JK, Roberts JT. 1990. Chronic fluorine poisoning in man: a review of literature in English (1946-1989) and indications for research. Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy 44(8):417-420.

Anasuya A. 1982. Role of fluoride in formation of calculi: studies on rats. Journal of Nutrition. 112(9):1787-95. [ Abstract ]

Anasuya A, Rao BS. 1983. Effect of fluoride, silicon and magnesium on the mineralizing capacity of an inorganic medium and stone formers urine tested by a modified in-vitro method. Biochem Med. 30:146. [ Abstract ]

Andersen, et al. 1982. Risk of cancer in the Norwegian aluminum industry. International Journal of Cancer 29: 295-298.

Ando M, Tadano M, Yamamoto S, Tamura K, et al. 2001. Health effects of fluoride pollution caused by coal burning. Science of the Total Environment 271(1-3):107-16. [ Abstract ]

Andreatini R, Chioca LR, Rauppp IM, Da Cunha, Losso EM. 2007. Memory impairment induced by chronic sodium fluoride intake. Neurotoxicol Teratol 24, 751–757. In: Neuropharmacology page S247, P.1.c.009. [ Excerpt ]

Angmar-Mansson B, Whitford GM. 1984. Enamel fluorosis related to plasma F levels in the rat. Caries Research 18(1):25-32. [ Abstract ]

Anon. 1999. Dosage schedule for dietary fluoride supplements. Proceedings of a workshop. Chicago, Illinois, USA. January 31-February 1, 1994. Journal of Public Health Dentistry 59(4):203-204. Fall.

Aoba T, Fejerskov O. 2002. Dental fluorosis: chemistry and biology. Crit Rev Oral Biol Med. 13(2):155-70. [ Abstract ]

Applbaum YK. 2010. Imaging of the skeleton and the joints in CKD. p. 208. In: The Spectrum of Mineral and Bone Disorders in Chronic Kidney Disease. (Olgaard K, Salusky IB, Silver J, eds.) Oxford University Press.

Araibi AA, et al. 1989. Effect of high fluoride on the reproductive performance of the male rat. Journal of Biological Sciences Research 20: 19-30. [ Abstract ]

Armfield JM, Spencer AJ. 2004. Consumption of nonpublic water: implications for children’s caries experience. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 32:283-296.

Armstrong B, et al. 1994. Lung cancer mortality and polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons: A case-cohort study of aluminum production workers in Arvida, Quebec, Canada. American Journal of Epidemiology 139: 250-262.

Arnala I, et al. 1985. Effects of fluoride on bone in Finland. Histomorphometry of cadaver bone from low and high fluoride areas. Acta Orthopaedica Scandinavica 56:161-6. [ Abstract ]

Arnala I, Alhava EM, Kivivouri R, Kauranen P. 1986. Hip fracture incidence not affected by fluoridation. Osteofluorosis studied in Finland. Acta Orthop. Scand. 57:344-348.[ Abstract ]

Arnold CM, Bailey DA, Faulkner RA, McKay HA, McCulloch RG. 1997. The effect of water fluoridation on the bone mineral density of young women. Canadian Journal of Public Health 88(6):388-91. [Abstract ]

Arthaud LE, Loomis TA. 1975. The relationship of the total dose and duration of methoxyflurane anesthesia to renal toxicity in Fischer 344 rats. Toxic. Applied Pharmacol. 33: 176.

Astrom AN, Mashoto K. 2002. Determinants of self-rated oral health status among school children in northern Tanzania. International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry 12:90-100.

Athanassouli I, et al. 1994. Dental caries changes between 1982 and 1991 in children aged 6-12 in Athens, Greece. Caries Research 28(5):378-82.

Augenstein WL, Spoerke DG, Kulig KW, Hall AH, Hall PK, Riggs BS, el Saadi M, Rumack BH. 1991. Fluoride ingestion in children: a review of 87 cases. Pediatrics 88: 907-12. [ Abstract ]

Awadia AK, Birkeland JM, Haugejorden O, Bjorvatn K. 2002. Caries experience and caries predictors – a study of Tanzanian children consuming drinking water with different fluoride concentrations. Clin Oral Invest (2002) 6:98-103.

Ayoob S, Gupta AK. 2006. Fluoride in drinking water: a review on the status and stress effects. Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology 36:433–487. [ Abstract ]


Ba Y, Ren LJ, Yin GJ. 2009. Effect of different fluoride and iodine concentration in drinking water on children’s dental fluorosis and thyroid function. Chinese Journal of Public Health 25(8):942-43. [ Abstract ]

Babbitt HE, Doland JJ. 1939. Quality of water supplies in water supply engineering. 3rd Edition, McGraw Hill, New York. p. 454.

Bachinskii PP, Gutsalenko OA, Naryzhniuk ND, Sidora VD, Shliakhta AI. 1985. Action of the body fluorine of healthy persons and thyroidopathy patients on the function of hypophyseal-thyroid the system. Probl Endokrinol (Mosk) 31(6):25-9. [AbstractEnglish Translation ]

Bai X. 1992. Radiological analysis in 23 cases of endemic fluorsis. Chinese Journal of Endemiology. Available at: http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-ZDFB199204012.htm

Bai G, et al. 2005. Radiological analysis of endemic skeletal fluorosis in Dingbian county, Shaanxi province. Chinese Journal of Endemiology 24:73-74.

Balabolkin MI, Mikhallets ND, Lobovskaia RN, Chernousova NV. 1995. [The interrelationship of the thyroid and immune statuses of workers with long-term fluorine exposure] [Article in Russian] Ter Arkh. 67(1):41-2. [ Abstract ]

Balena R, Kleerekoper M, Foldes JA, Shih MS, Rao DS, Schober HC, Parfitt AM. 1998. Effects of different regimens of sodium fluoride treatment for osteoporosis on the structure, remodeling and mineralization of bone. Osteoporos Int. 8(5):428-35. [ Abstract ]

Bang S, Boivin G, Gerster JC, Baud CA. 1985. Distribution of fluoride in calcified cartilage of a fluoride-treated osteoporotic patient. Bone 6(4):207-210. [ Abstract ]

Bang S. 1978. Biophysical study of compact bone tissue in demic fluorosis. In: B Courvoisier B, et al. (1978). Fluoride and Bone; Proceedings of the Second Symposium CEMO, Nyon, Switzerland, Oct. 9-12, 1977. Hans Huber Publishers, Bern. pp. 77-81.

Bang S, et al. 1978. Morphometric and biophysical study of bone tissue in industrial fluorosis. In: B Courvoisier, A Donath, CA Baud, eds. Fluoride and Bone. Hans Huber Publishers, Bern. pp. 168-175.

Bano R, Sahdey S, Lall SB. 1996. Biochemical changes in the testes of Swiss albino mice exposed to chronic ingestion of sodium fluoride. Indian Journal of Environment and Toxicology 6:19-21.

Bansal R, Tiwari SC. 2006. Back pain in chronic renal failure. Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation 21:2331-2332. [ Abstract ]

Bao W, et al. 2003. [Investigation of osteoarthritis in Fengjiabao, Asuo, Qiancheng villages—to research the relationship between Fluorosis and Osteoarthritis. [Article in Chinese]. Chinese Journal of Endemiology. Available online at: http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-ZDFB200306012.htm

Barbier O, Arreola-Mendoza L, Del Razo LM. 2010. Molecular mechanisms of fluoride toxicity. Chemico-Biological Interactions 188(2):319-33. [ Abstract ]

Bardsen A, Bjorvatn K. 1998. Risk periods in the development of dental fluorosis. Clinical Oral Investigations 2:155-160. [ Abstract ]

Barnes GP, Parker WA, Lyon TC, Drum MA, Coleman GC. 1992. Ethnicity, location, age, and fluoridation factors in baby bottle tooth decay and caries prevalence of Head Start children. Public Health Reports 107(2):167-73. March-April. [ AbstractFull Report ]

Barot VV. 1998. Occurrence of endemic fluorosis in human population of North Gujarat, India: human health risk. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 61(3):303-10. [ Abstract ]

Basch CH, Hammond R, Guinta A, Rajan S, Basch CE. 2013. Advertising of toothpaste in parenting magazines. Journal of Community Health 38(5):911-4. October. [ Abstract ]

Basha PM, Sujitha NS. 2012. Combined impact of exercise and temperature in learning and memory performance of fluoride toxicated rats. Biological Trace Element Research 150(1-3):306-13. [ Abstract ]

Basha MP, Sujitha NS. 2011. Chronic fluoride toxicity and myocardial damage: antioxidant offered protection in second generation rats. Toxicol Int 18(2):99-104. [ Abstract ]

Basha PM, et al. 2011. Fluoride toxicity and status of serum thyroid hormones, brain histopathology, and learning memory in rats: a multigenerational assessment. Biol Trace Elem Res. 144(1-3):1083-94. [ Abstract ]

Baskaradoss JK, Clement RB, Narayanan A. 2008. Prevalence of dental fluorosis and associated risk factors in 11-15 year old school children of Kanyakumari District, Tamilnadu, India: a cross sectional survey. Indian J Dent Res. 19(4):297-303. Oct-Dec.

Bassin EB. 2001. Association between fluoride in drinking water during growth and development and the incidence of ostosarcoma for children and adolescents. Doctoral Thesis, Harvard School of Dental Medicine.

Bassin EB, Wypij D, Davis RB, Mittleman MA. 2006. Age-specific fluoride exposure in drinking water and osteosarcoma (United States). Cancer Causes and Control 17: 421-8. [ Abstract ]

Bataineh HN, Nusierb MK. 2006. Impact of 12-week ingestion of sodium fluoride on agression, sexual behavior, and fertility in adult male rats. Fluoride 39(4):293-301. October-December. [ AbstractFull Report ]

Baud CA, Bang S. 1970. Fluoride and bone mineral substance. In: TL Vischer, ed. (1970). Fluoride in Medicine. Hans Huber, Bern. pp. 27-36.

Baud CA, et al. 1978. Value of the bone biopsy in the diagnosis of industrial fluorosis. Virchows Archiv A. Pathological Anatomy and Histology 380(4):283-97. [ Abstract ]

Bayley TA, Harrison JE, Murray TM, et al. 1990. Fluoride-induced fractures: relation to osteogenic effect. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research. 5(Suppl 1):S217-22. [ Abstract ]

Baylink DJ, Bernstein DS. 1967. The effects of fluoride therapy on metabolic bone disease. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research 55: 51-85.

Baylink D, et al. 1970. Effects of fluoride on bone formation, mineralization, and resorption in the rat. In: TL Vischer, ed. Fluoride in Medicine. Hans Huber, Bern. pp. 37-69.

Beary DF. 1969. The effects of fluoride and low calcium on the physical properties of the rat femur. Anat Rec. 164(3):305-316. [ Abstract ]

Behrendt A, Oberste V, Wetzel WE. 2002. Fluoride concentration and pH of iced tea products. Caries Research 36(6):405-410. [ Abstract ]

Belanger LF, Visek WJ, Lotz WE, Comar CL. 1958. Rachitomimetic effects of fluoride feeding on the skeletal tissues of growing pigs. American Journal of Pathology 3(1):25-36. [ Abstract ]

Beltran E. 2007. Prevalence of enamel fluorosis among 12-19 year-olds, U.S., 1999-2004. IADR/AADR/CADR 85th General Session and Exhibition, March 21-24. [ AbstractOriginal ]

Beltran-Aguilar ED et al. 2005. Surveillance for dental caries, dental sealants, tooth retention, edentulism, and enamel fluorosis — United States, 1988–1994 and 1999—2002. MMWR. Surveillance Summaries. 54(03);1-44. August 26. Online at http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/ss5403a1.htm

Bennett P, Williams D, Chestnutt I, Hood K, Lowe R. 2008. A reaction-time study of social, health, and personal attributions in relation to fluorosed teeth. Psychology, Health & Medicine 13:75-86. [ Abstract ]

Bentley EM, Ellwood RP, Davies RM. 1999. Fluoride ingestion from toothpaste by young children. Br Dent J 186(9):460-2. [ Abstract ]

Bera I, Sabatini R, Auteri P, Flace P, et al. 2007. Neurofunctional effects of developmental sodium fluoride exposure in rats. European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences 11(4):211-24. July-August. [ Abstract ]

Bernard SM, McGeehin MA. 2003. Prevalence of blood lead levels >5 micro g/dL among US children 1 to 5 years of age and socioeconomic and demographic factors associated with blood of lead levels 5 to 10 micro g/dL, Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988-1994. Pediatrics 112(6 Pt 1):1308-13.

Bharati P, Kubakaddi A, Rao M, Naik RK. 2005. Clinical symptoms of dental and skeletal fluorosis in Gadag and Bagalkot Districts of Karnataka. J. Hum. Ecol., 18(2):105-107. [ Abstract ]

Bhatnagar M, Rao P, Sushma J, Bhatnagar R. 2002. Neurotoxicity of fluoride: neurodegeneration in hippocampus of female mice. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology 40: 546-54. [Abstract]

Bhatnagar M, Rao P, Saxena A, Bhatnagar R, Meena P, Barbar S, Chouhan A, Vimal S. 2006. Biochemical changes in brain and other tissues of female mice from F in their drinking water. Fluoride 39(4):280–284. October-December. [ AbstractFull Report ]

Bhavsar BS, Desai VK, Mehta NR, Vashi RT, Krishnamachari KAVR. 1985. Neighborhood fluorosis in Western India Part II: population study. Fluoride 18(2):86-92. Full study at http://www.fluoridealert.org/re/bhavsar-1985.pdf

Bigay J, Deterre P, Pfister C, Chabre M. 1985. Fluoroaluminates activate transducin-GDP by mimicking the gamma-phosphate of GTP in its binding site. FEBS Letters 191(2):181-185. October 28. [ Abstract ]

Bigay J, Deterre P, Pfister C, Chabre M. 1987. Fluoride complexes of aluminium or beryllium act on G-proteins as reversibly bound analogues of the gamma phosphate of GTP. European Molecular Biology Organization Journal 6(10):2907-2913. October. [ Abstract ]

Binbin W, Baoshan Z, Hongying W, Yakun P, Yuehua T. 2005. Dental caries in fluorine exposure areas in China. Environ Geochem Health. 27(4):285-8. [ Abstract ]

Binus W, Lowinger K, Walther G. 1989. [Caries decline and changing pattern of dental therapy] [Article in German] Stomatol DDR 39: 322-6.

Bird DM, Carriere D, Lacombe D. 1992. The effect of dietary sodium fluoride on internal organs, breast muscle, and bones in captive American kestrels (Falco sparverius). Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 22(2):242-6. February. [ Abstract ]

Birkeland JM, Ibrahim YE, Ghandour IA, Haugejorden O. 2005. Severity of dental caries among 12-year-old Sudanese children with different fluoride exposure. Clin Oral Invest 9: 46–51. March. [ Abstract ]

Birkner E, et al. 2006. Influence of sodium fluoride and caffeine on the kidney function and free-radical processes in that organ in adult rats. Biological Trace Element Research 109(1):35-48. January. [ Abstract ]

Birkner E, Grucka-Mamczar E, Stawiarska-Pieta B, Birkner K, Zalejska-Fiolka J, Kasperczyk S, Kasperczyk A. 2009. The influence of rich-in-cholesterol diet and fluoride ions contained in potable water upon the concentration of malondialdehyde and the activity of selected antioxidative enzymes in rabbit liver. Biol Trace Elem Res. 129(1-3):137-42. [ Abstract ]

Blasik LG, Spencer SK. 1979. Fluoroderma. Archives of Dermatology 115:1334-5. [ Abstract ]

Blen M, Narendran S, Jones K.  1999.  Dental caries in children under age three attending a university clinic.  Pediatr Dent. 21(4):261-4.  July-August. [ Abstract ]

Blood DC, Henderson JA, Radostits OM, eds. 1979. Veterinary Medicine: A Textbook of the Diseases of Cattle, Sheep, Pgs and Horses. 5th Edition. Lea & Febiger, Philadelphia.

Blue JA. (1938). Mottled enamel in Oklahoma Panhandle, and its possible relations to child development. Journal of the Oklahoma State Medical Association 31:295-301. [ Abstract ]

Bo Z, Mei H, Yongsheng Z, Xueyu L, Xuelin Z, Jun D. 2003. Distribution and risk assessment of fluoride in drinking water in the west plain region of Jilin province, China. Environmental Geochemistry and Health 25: 421-31. [ Abstract ]

Bobek S, Kahl S, Ewy Z. 1976. Effect of long-term fluoride administration on thyroid hormones level blood in rats. Endocrinol Exp 10(4):289-95. [ Abstract ]

Bober J, Kwiatkowska E, Kedzierska K, Olszewska M, Estachowska E, Ciechanowski K, Chlubek D. 2006. Fluoride aggravation of oxidative stress in patients with chronic renal failure. Fluoride 39(4):302–309. October-December. [ Abstract Full Report ]

Bohannan HM, et al. 1985. Effect of secular decline on the evaluation of preventive dentistry demonstrations. Journal of Public Health Dentistry 45: 83-89.

Bohatyrewicz A. 1999. Effects of fluoride on mechanical properties of femoral bone in growing rats. Fluoride 32(2):47-54. [ AbstractFull Report ]

Bohatyrewicz A. 2001. Bone fluoride in proximal femur fractures. Fluoride 34(4):227-235. [ AbstractFull Report ]

Boillat MA, Garcia J, Velebit L. 1980. Radiological criteria of industrial fluorosis. Skeletal Radiology 5(3):161-165. [ Abstract ]

Boivin G, Chavassieux P, Chapuy MC, Baud CA, Meunier PJ. 1989. Skeletal fluorosis: histomorphometric analysis of bone changes and bone fluoride content in 29 patients. Bone 10(2):89-99. [ Abstract ]

Boivin G, Duriez J, Chapuy MC, Flautre B, Hardouin P, Meunier PJ. 1993. Relationship between bone fluoride content and histological evidence of calcification defects in osteoporotic women treated long term with sodium fluoride. Osteoporosis International 3:204-208. [ Abstract ]

Bond AM, Murray MM. 1952. Kidney function and structure in chronic fluorosis. Br J Exp Pathol. 33: 168-176. [ Abstract ]

Borke JL, Whitford GM. 1999. Chronic fluoride ingestion decreases 45Ca uptake by rat kidney membranes. J Nutr. 129(6):1209-13. [ AbstractFull Report ]

Bouaziz H, Soussia L, Guermazi F, Zeghal N. 2005. Fluoride-induced thyroid proliferative changes and their reversal in female mice and their pups. Fluoride 38(3):185–192. [ Abstract Full Report ]

Bouaziz H, Ghorbel H, Ketata S, Guermazi F, Zeghala N. 2005b. Toxic effects of fluoride by maternal ingestion on kidney function of adult mice and their suckling pups. Fluoride 38(1):23–31. [ AbstractFull Report ]

Bouaziz H, Croute F, Boudawara T, Soleilhavoup JP, Zeghal N. 2007. Oxidative stress induced by fluoride in adult mice and their suckling pups. Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology, 58(5):339-349. April. [ Abstract ]

Bouletreau PH, Bost M, Fontanges E, Lauverjat M, Gutknecht C, Ecochard R, Delmas PD, Chambrier C. 2006. Fluoride exposure and bone status in patients with chronic intestinal failure who are receiving home parenteral nutrition1–3. Am J Clin Nutr 83:1429 –37. [ Abstract ]

Bovenmyer D. 1985. Aggravation of dermatitis herpetiformis by dental fluoride treatments. Letter. Journal of American Academy of Dermatology 12(4):719-720. April.

Boyd JC, Wessels NE.  1951. Epidemiological studies in dental caries. III. The interpretation of clinical data relating to caries advance. J. Am. Public Health, 51: 967-986. [ AbstractFull Report ]

Boyle DR, Chagnon M. 1995. An incidence of skeletal fluorosis associated with groundwaters of the maritime carboniferous basin, Gaspe region, Quebec, Canada. Environmental Geochemistry and Health 17: 5-12. [ Abstract ]

Bratthall D, Hansel-Petersson G, Sundberg H. 1996. Reasons for the caries decline: what do the experts believe? European Journal of Oral Science 104:416-22. [ Abstract ]

Brody DJ, et al. 1994. Blood lead levels in the US population. Phase 1 of the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III, 1988 to 1991). Journal of the American Medical Association 272(4):277-83.

Broffitt B, Levy SM, Warren JJ, Cavanaugh JE. 2007. An investigation of bottled water use and caries in the mixed dentition. Journal of Public Health Dentistry 67(3):151-8. Summer. [ Abstract ]

Bronckers AL, Woltgens JH. 1985. Short-term effects of fluoride on biosynthesis of enamel-matrix proteins and dentine collagens and on mineralization during hamster tooth-germ development in organ culture. Archives of Oral Biology 30(2): 181-91. [ Abstract ]

Bronstein AC, et al. 2009. 2008 Annual Report of the American Association of Poison Control Centers’ National Poison Data System (NPDS): 26th Annual Report. Clinical Toxicology 47:911-1084.

Bronstein AC, et al. 2010. 2009 Annual Report of the American Association of Poison Control Centers’ National Poison Data System (NPDS): 27th Annual Report. Clinical Toxicology 48:979-1178.

Brothwell D, Limeback H. 2003. Breastfeeding is protective against dental fluorosis in a nonfluoridated rural area of Ontario, Canada. Journal of Human Lactation 19(4):386-90. November. [ Abstract ]

Brun G, Buchwald H, Roholm K. 1941. [The excretion of fluorine in the urine of cryolite workers with chronic fluorine poisoning]. [ In German ] Acta Medica Scandinavica 106: 261-273.

Brun R. 2004. Recurrent benign aphthous stomatitis and fluoride allergy. Dermatology 208(2):181. [ Full Text ]

Brunelle JA, Carlos JP. 1990. Recent trends in dental caries in U.S. children and the effect of water fluoridation. J. Dent. Res 69, (Special edition), 723-727. http://www.fluoridealert.org/health/teeth/caries/nidr-dmfs.html

Bruns BR, Tytle T. 1988. Skeletal fluorosis: a report of two cases. Orthopedics 11(7):1083-1087. [ Abstract ]

Bryson C. 2004. The fluoride deception. Seven Stories Press, NY. [ Reviews ]

Bucher J. 1990. Testimony at Board of Scientific Counselors, National Toxicology Program; Peer Review of Draft Technical Report of Long-Term Toxicology and Carcinogenesis Studies and Toxicity Study, Sodium Fluoride; Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, Thursday, April 26, 1990.

Bucher JR, Hejtmancik MR, Toft 2nd JD, Persing RL, Eustis SL, Haseman JK. 1991. Results and conclusions of the National Toxicology Program’s rodent carcinogenicity studies with sodium fluoride. Int J Cancer 48:733-737. [ Abstract ]

Budipramana ES, et al. 2002. Dental fluorosis and caries prevalence in the fluorosis endemic area of Asembagus, Indonesia. International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry 12: 415-22. [ Abstract ]

Burgi H, et al. 1984. Fluorine and the Thyroid Gland: A Review of the Literature. Klin Wochenschr. 1984 Jun 15;62(12):564-9.

Burgstahler AW. 1975. Editorial Review: Fluoride and Down’s Syndrome (Mongolism). Fluoride 8(1):1-11. [ AbstractFull Report ]

Burgstahler AW, Robinson MA. 1997. Fluoride in California wines and raisins. Fluoride 30(3):142-146.

Burgstahler AW, Freeman RF, Jacobs PN. 2008. Toxic effects of silicofluoridated water in chinchillas, caimans, alligators, and rats held in captivity. Fluoride 41(1):83–88. January-March. [ Abstract Full Report ]

Burkhart JM, Jowsey J. 1968. Effect of variations in calcium intake on the skeleton of fluoride-fed kittens. Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine 72(6):943-50. [ Abstract ]

Burnell TW, Peo ER Jr, Lewis AJ, Crenshaw JD. 1986. Effect of dietary fluorine on growth, blood and bone characteristics of growing-finishing pigs. Journal of Animal Science 63(6):2053-67. [ Abstract ]

Burns KN, Allcroft R. 1964. Fluorosis in Cattle. 1 – Occurrence and Effects in Industrial Areas of England and Wales 1954-57. Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food. Animal Disease Surveys Report No 2, Part I. Her Majesty’s Stationery Office, London.

Burt BA, Kolker JL, Sandretto AM, Yuan Y, Sohn W, Ismail AI. 2006. Dietary patterns related to caries in a low-income adult population. Caries Res. 2006 ; 40(6):473–480. [ Abstract ]

Burt BA. 1994. Letter. Fluoride. 27(3):180-181.

Burt BA. 1999. The case for eliminating the use of dietary fluoride supplements for young children. Journal of Public Health Dentistry 59: 260-274. [ Abstract ]

Burt BA, Eklund SA. 1999. Dentistry, dental practice, and the community (5th Ed). WB Saunders Co; Philadelphia.

Burt BA, Keels MA, Heller KE. 2000. The effects of a break in water fluoridation on the development of dental caries and fluorosis. J Dent Res. 79(2):761-9. February.

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Czerwinski E, Nowak J, Dabrowska D, Skolarczyk A, Kita B, Ksiezyk M. 1988. Bone and joint pathology in fluoride-exposed workers. Arch Environ Health 43(5):340-3. [ Abstract ]

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