Fluoride Action Network

Private: FAN Bibliography

The FAN Bibliography provides the complete reference list for all studies cited by the Fluoride Action Network, whether in electronic or print format. Many new studies have recently been added.

Recently Added Studies

The following are studies that FAN added to the website as part of the website overhaul in August 2012. Most of the studies are discussed and/or excerpted in FAN’s Health Database.

2012

Charone S, et al. 2012. Lack of a significant relationship between toenail fluoride concentrations and caries prevalence. Fluoride 45:133-37.

Chiba FY, et al. 2012. NaF treatment increases TNF-a and resistin concentrations and reduces insulin signal in rats. J Fluorine Chemistry 136: 3-7.

Choi AL, et al. 2012. Developmental Fluoride Neurotoxicity: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Environmental Health Perspectives 2012 Jul 20. [Epub ahead of print] [See study]

Gencer B, et al. 2012. Subclinical thyroid dysfunction and the risk of heart failure events: An individual participant data analysis from six prospective cohorts. Circulation 2012 Jul 19. [Epub ahead of print]

Gupta SK, et al. 2012. Changes in serum seromucoid following compensatory hyperparathyroidism: A sequel to chronic fluoride ingestion. Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry 23(2):176-180.

Gutowska I, et al. 2012. Fluoride in low concentration modifies expression and activity of 15 lipoxygenase in human PBMC differentiated monocyte/macrophage. Toxicology 295:23-30.

Hosur MB, et al. 2012. Study of thyroid hormones free triiodothyronine (FT3), free thyroxine (FT4) and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) in subjects with dental fluorosis. European Journal of Dentistry 6:184-90.

Katzmarzyk PT, Staiano AE. 2012. New race and ethnicity standards: elucidating health disparities in diabetes. BMC Medicine 10(1):42.

Kumar N, et al. 2012. To Study the Effect of Vitamin D and E on Sodium-Fluoride-induced Toxicity in Reproductive Functions of Male Rabbits. Toxicology International 19(2):182-87.

Levy M, Leclerc BS. 2012. Fluoride in drinking water and osteosarcoma incidence rates in the continental United States among children and adolescents. Cancer Epidemiology 36(2):e83-8.

Li Y, et al. 2012. Association of vascular fluoride uptake with vascular calcification and coronary artery disease. Nuclear Med Comm 33:14-20.

Lou DD, et al. 2012. [Alteration of mitochondrial distribution and gene expression of fission 1 protein in cortical neurons of rats with chronic fluorosis]. [Article in Chinese]. Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi. 41(4):243-7.

Luo R, et al. (2012). Total knee arthroplasty for the treatment of knee osteoarthritis caused by endemic skeletal fluorosis. Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research. Available online at: http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-XDKF201209015.htm

Ma Y, et al. 2012. Inflammatory responses induced by fluoride and arsenic at toxic concentration in rabbit aorta. Arch Toxicol 86:849-56.

McGrady MG, et al. 2012. Adolescents’ perceptions of the aesthetic impact of dental fluorosis vs. other dental conditions in areas with and without water fluoridation. BMC Oral Health 12:4.

Muntner P, et al. 2012. Racial differences in the incidence of chronic kidney disease. Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology 7(1):101-7.

Rango T, et al. 2012. Groundwater quality and its health impact: An assessment of dental fluorosis in rural inhabitants of the Main Ethiopian Rift. Environment International 43:37-47.

Saxena S, et al. 2012. Effect of fluoride exposure on the intelligence of school children in Madhya Pradesh, India. Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice 3(2):144-49.

Su WM, et al. (2012). Total hip arthroplasty for the treatment of severe hip osteoarthritis due to fluorosis. Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research 16(9):1543-1546.  [See study]

Vanbenberg LN, et al. (2012). Hormones and endocrine-disrupting chemicals: Lowdose effects and nonmonotonic dose responses. Endocrine Reviews, 33(3):378-455. [See study]

Varol E, Varol S. 2012. Effect of fluoride toxicity on cardiovascular systems: role of oxidative stress. Arch Toxicol (Letter to the Editor), DOI 10.1007/s00204-012-0862-y

Vasant RA, Narasimhacharya AVRL. 2012. Ameliorative effect of tamarind leaf on fluoride-induced metabolic alterations. Environ Health Prev Med. DOI 10.1007/s12199-012-0277-7

2011

Amini H, et al. 2011. Drinking water fluoride and blood pressure: an environmental study. Biol Trace Elem Res 144:157-63.

Basha MP, Sujitha NS. 2011. Chronic fluoride toxicity and myocardial damage: antioxidant offered protection in second generation rats. Toxicol Int 18(2):99-104.

Basha PM, et al. 2011. Fluoride toxicity and status of serum thyroid hormones, brain histopathology, and learning memory in rats: a multigenerational assessment. Biol Trace Elem Res. 144(1-3):1083-94.

Chandrajith R, et al. 2011. Chronic kidney diseases of uncertain etiology (CKDue) in Sri Lanka: geographic distribution and environmental implications. Environ Geochem Health 33(3):267-78.

Chandrajith R, et al. 2011. Dose-dependent Na and Ca in fluoride-rich drinking water–another major cause of chronic renal failure in tropical arid regions. Sci Total Environ. 409(4):671-5.

Chen L, Mulligan ME. 2011. Medication-induced periostitis in lung transplant patients: periostitis deformans revisited. Skeletal Radiol. 40(2):143-8.

Chankanka O, et al. (2011). Longitudinal associations between children’s dental caries and risk factors. Journal of Public Health Dentistry 71(4):289-300.

Chankanka O, et al. (2011). Mixed dentition cavitated caries incidence and dietary intake frequencies. Pediatric Dentistry 33(3):233-40.

Dede O, et al. 2011. Chronic fluoride exposure has a role in etiology of coronary artery ectasia: sialic acid/glycosaminoglycan ratio. Biol Trace Elem Res 143:695-701.

Everett ET. 2011. Fluoride’s Effects on the Formation of Teeth and Bones, and the Influence of Genetics. Journal of Dental Research 90:552-60.

Ge Y, et al. 2011. Proteomic analysis of brain proteins of rats exposed to high fluoride and low iodine. Arch. Toxicol. 85:27-33.

Hendryx M, et al. 2011. Water fluoridation and dental health indicators in rural and urban areas of the United States. West Virginia Rural Health Research Center. Available at: http://wvrhrc.hsc.wvu.edu/docs/2011_fluoridation_final_report.pdf

Izuora K, et al. 2011. Skeletal fluorosis from brewed tea. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 96(8):2318-24.

Karademir S, et al. 2011. Effects of fluorosis on QT dispersion, heart rate variability and echocardiographic parameters in children. Anadolu Kardiyol Derg 11:150-5.

Koroglu BK, et al. 2011. Serum parathyroid hormone levels in chronic endemic fluorosis. Biol Trace Elem Res. 143(1):79-86.

Kumar P, et al. 2011. Fluorotic cervical compressive myelopathy, 20 years after laminectomy: A rare event. Surg Neurol Int. 2:11.

Kumar S, et al. 2011. Skeletal fluorosis mimicking seronegative spondyloarthropathy: a deceptive presentation. Tropical Doctor 41:247-48.

Leite GA, et al. 2011. Exposure to lead exacerbates dental fluorosis. Archives of Oral Biology 56(7):695-702.

Liu YJ, et al. 2011. Increased level of apoptosis in rat brains and SH-SY5Y cells exposed to excessive fluoride–a mechanism connected with activating JNK phosphorylation. Toxicol Lett. 204(2-3):183-9.

Lupo M, Buzalaf MAR. 2011. Effect of fluoridated water on plasma insulin levels and glucose homeostasis in rats with renal deficiency. Biol Trace Elem Res 140: 198-207.

Pereira M, et al. 2011. Memory impairment induced by sodium fluoride is associated with changes in brain monoamine levels. Neurotox Res. 19(1):55-62.

Petrone P, et al. 2011. Enduring Fluoride Health Hazard for the Vesuvius Area Population: The Case of AD 79 Herculaneum. PLoS ONE 6(6): e21085.

Shivaprakash PK, et al. 2011. Relation between dental fluorosis and intelligence quotient in school children of Bagalkot district. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent. 29(2):117-20.

Sierant ML, Bartlett JD. 2011. A Potential Mechanism for the Development of Dental Fluorosis. In: Interface Oral Health Science (K Sasaki, et al., eds).

Steinmeyer R. (2011). [Influence of natural fluoride concentration in drinking water on dental health of first class pupils in an area with enhanced fluoride content at the beginning of the 21st century]. Gesundheitswesen. 73(8-9):483-90.

Sun Z, et al. 2011. Fluoride-induced apoptosis and gene expression profiling in mice sperm in vivo. Arch Toxicol. 85(11):1441-52.

Wermers RA, et al. 2011. Fluoride excess and periostitis in transplant patients receiving long-term voriconazole therapy. Clin Infect Dis. 52(5):604-11.

Yazdi SM, et al. 2011. Effects of fluoride on psychomotor performance and memory of aluminum potroom workers. Fluoride 44:158-62.

Zhu W, et al. 2011. Effects of fluoride on synaptic membrane fluidity and PSD-95 expression level in rat hippocampus. Biol Trace Elem Res. 139(2):197-203.

2010

Applbaum YK. 2010. Imaging of the skeleton and the joints in CKD. p. 208. In: The Spectrum of Mineral and Bone Disorders in Chronic Kidney Disease. (Olgaard K, Salusky IB, Silver J, eds.) Oxford University Press.

Barbier O, et al. 2010. Molecular mechanisms of fluoride toxicity. Chemico-Biological Interactions 188:319-33.

Bronstein AC, et al. 2010. 2009 Annual Report of the American Association of Poison Control Centers’ National Poison Data System (NPDS): 27th Annual Report. Clinical Toxicology 48:979-1178.

Chachra D, et al. 2010. The long-term effects of water fluoridation on the human skeleton. Journal of Dental Research 89:1219-1223.

Chiba FY, et al. 2010. Insulin signal decrease in muscle but not in the liver of castrated male rats from chronic exposure to fluoride. Fluoride 43(1): 25-30.

Gui CZ, et al. 2010. Changes of learning and memory ability and brain nicotinic receptors of rat offspring with coal burning fluorosis. Neurotoxicol Teratol. 32(5):536-41.

Hao P, et al. 2010. [Effect of fluoride on human hypothalamus-hypophysis-testis axis hormones]. [Article in Chinese]. Wei Sheng Yan Jiu. 39(1):53-5.

Isbel TS, Villareal-Armamento R. 2010. What Is Your Guess? A Case of Thick but Brittle Bones and Instant Tea. Clinical Chemistry 56(6):1041-42.

Izquierdo-Vega JA, et al. 2010. NADPH oxidase participates in the oxidative damage caused by fluoride in rat spermatozoa. Protective role of a-tocopherol. J Appl Toxicol. 2010 Nov 19. doi: 10.1002/jat.1600. [Epub ahead of print]

Kalia LV, et al. (2010). Thoracic myelopathy from coincident fluorosis and epidural lipomatosis. Can. J. Neurol. Sci. 37:276-78.

Kant V, et al. 2010. Alterations in electrocardiographic parameters after subacute exposure of fluoride and ameliorative action of aluminum sulphate in goats. Biol Trace Elem Res 134:188-94.

Klein RZ, et al. 2010. Relation of severity of maternal hypothyroidism to cognitive development of offspring. Journal of Medical Screening 8(1):18-20.

Kumar N, et al. 2010. Effects of sodium fluoride on the electrocardiogram of male rabbits. Fluoride 43(2):124-7.

Kumar T, Takalkar A. 2010. Study of the effects of drinking water naturally contaminated with  fluorides on the health of children. Biomedical Research 21:423-27.

Liu YJ, et al. 2010. Alterations of nAChRs and ERK1/2 in the brains of rats with chronic fluorosis and their connections with the decreased capacity of learning and memory. Toxicol Lett. 192(3):324-9.

Martinez-Mier EA, Soto-Rojas AE. 2010. Differences in exposure and biological markers of fluoride among White and African American children. Journal of Public Health Dentistry 70:234-40.

Rodondi N, et al. 2010. Subclinical hypothyroidism and the risk of coronary heart disease and mortality. JAMA 304(12):1365-74.

Sang ZC, et al. 2010. [X-ray analysis on 114 patients with moderate endemic skeletal fluorosis by treatment of Guo’s Chinese herbal]. [Article in Chinese]. Zhongguo Gu Shang. 23(5):379-82.

Shorter JP, et al. 2010. Comparison of two village primary schools in northern Tanzania affected by fluorosis. International Health 2:269-74.

Sun Z, et al. 2010. Effects of sodium fluoride on hyperactivation and Ca2+ signaling pathway in sperm from mice: an in vivo study. Arch Toxicol. 84(5):353-61.

Tiwari H, Rao MV. 2010. Curcumin supplementation protects from genotoxic effects of arsenic and fluoride. Food & Chemical Toxicology 48(5):1234-8.

Varol E, et al. 2010a. Impact of chronic fluorosis on left ventricular diastolic and global functions. Sci Tot Environ 408:2295-8.

Varol E, et al. 2010b. Aortic elasticity is impaired in patients with endemic fluorosis. Biol Trace Elem Res 133:121-7.

Vasant RA, et al. 2010. Therapeutic benefits of glibenclamide in fluoride intoxicated diabetic rats. Fluoride 43(2): 141-9.

Wang G, et al. 2010. The influence of drinking different concentration of NaF on learning-memory behaviors of rats in the brain. Studies of Trace Elements & Health 23(2).

Wu PF, et al. 2010. Morphologic observation of mouse testicular tissue lesions induced by fluorine. Animal Husbandry and Feed Science. Available online at: http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-NMXK201004011.htm

2009

Ba Y, et al. 2009. Effect of different fluoride and iodine concentration in drinking water on children’s dental fluorosis and thyroid function. Chinese Journal of Public Health 25(8):942-43.

Bronstein AC, et al. 2009. 2008 Annual Report of the American Association of Poison Control Centers’ National Poison Data System (NPDS): 26th Annual Report. Clinical Toxicology 47:911-1084.

Cai Q, Li Hong. 2009. Effects of Fluoride on the Thyroid Morphology and Thyroid Peroxidase and Serum Thyroid Hormones. Journal of Liaoning Medical University. Available online at: http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-JZYX200905012.htm

Erciyas K, Sarikaya R. 2009. Genotoxic evaluation of sodium fluoride in the Somatic Mutation and Recombination Test (SMART). Food & Chemical Toxicology 47(11):2860-2.

Gheorghe KR, et al. (2009). Expression of 5-lipoxygenase and 15-lipoxygenase in rheumatoid arthritis synovium and effects of intraarticular glucocorticoids. Arthritis Research & Therapy 11(3):R83.

Gao Y, et al. 2009. [Effects of learning and memory of fluoride and the antagonism of selenium in rat.] [Study in Chinese] Studies of Trace Elements and Health 26(2).

Garcia-Montalvo EA, et al. 2009. Fluoride exposure impairs glucose tolerance via decreased insulin expression and oxidative stress. Toxicology 263: 75-83.

Jones RL, et al. 2009. Trends in blood lead levels and blood lead testing among US children aged 1 to 5 years, 1988-2004.  Pediatrics 123(3):e376-85.

Kaur T, et al. 2009. Effect of concurrent chronic exposure of fluoride and aluminum on rat brain. Drug & Chem. Toxicol. 32(3): 215-21.

Kindt JH, et al. (2009). In situ obersvation of fluoride-ion induced hydroxyapatite-collagen detachment on bone fracture surfaces by atomic force microscopy. Nanotechnology 18:135102.

Kumar H, et al. 2009. Skeletal fluorosis causing high cervical myelopathy.J Clin Neurosci. 16(6):828-30.

Levy SM, et al. (2009). Associations of fluoride intake with children’s bone measures at age 11. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 37(5):416-26.

Li F, et al. 2009. The impact of endemic fluorosis caused by the burning of coal on the development of intelligence in children. Journal of Environmental Health 26(4):838-40.

Niu R, et al. 2009. Decreased learning ability and low hippocampus glutamate in offspring rats exposed to fluoride and lead. Environ Toxicol Pharmacol. 28(2):254-8.

Robinson K, VandeVusse L. 2009. Exploration of African-American women’s infant feeding choices. Journal of the National Black Nurses Association 20(2):32-7.

Sharma JD, et al. 2009. Gastric discomforts from fluoride in drinking water. Fluoride 42:286–291.

Silva de Castilho L, et al. 2009. Perceptions of adolescents and young people regarding endemic dental fluorosis in a rural area of Brazil: Psychosocial suffering. Health and Social Care in the Community Vol. 17, p. 557.

Thurner PJ, et al. (2009). The effect of NaF in vitro on the mechanical and material properties of trabecular and cortical bone. Advanced Materials 21:451-57.

Zhang J, et al. 2009. [Influence of fluorosis on learning memory of pup rats and activities of SOD and content of MDA in brain.] [Study in Chinese] Chinese Journal of Public Health 25(11):1347-48.

Zhang R, et al. 2009. A stable and sensitive testing system for potential carcinogens based on DNA damage-induced gene expression in human HepG2 cell. Toxicology In Vitro. 23(1):158-65.

2008

Bennett P, et al. 2008. A reaction-time study of social, health, and personal attributions in relation to fluorosed teeth. Psychology, Health & Medicine 13:75-86.

Caldwell KL, et al. 2008. Iodine status of the U.S. population, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2003-2004. Thyroid 18(11):1207-14.

Chen SJ, et al. 2008. Testis damage induced by chronic fluorosis and antagonism of taurine-zinc. Journal of Environment and Health. Available online at: http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-HJYJ200801019.htm

Gupta AK, et al. 2008. Quadriparesis–A rare presentation of skeletal fluorosis. J. Indian Academy of Clinical Medicine 9:201-04.

He Y, et al. 2008. Effects of protein versus calcium supplementation on bone metabolism and development in fluoride-exposed offspring rats fed protein- and calcium-deficient diets. Fluoride 41:192-98.

Lyaruu DM, et al. 2008. The effect of fluoride on enamel and dentin formation in the uremic rat incisor. Pediatric Nephology  23:1973-79.

Marshman Z, et al. 2008. The impact of developmental defects of enamel on young people in the UK. Community Dentistry & Oral Epidemiology 37:45-57.

Pontigo-Loyola A, et al. 2008. Dental fluorosis in 12- and 15-year-olds at high altitudes in above-optimal fluoridated communities in Mexico. Journal of Public Health Dentistry 68(3):163-66.

Sharma JD, et al. 2008. Amelioration of fluoride toxicity in rats through vitamins (C, D) and calcium. Toxicology International 15:111-6. Available from: http://www.toxicologyinternational.com/text.asp?2008/15/2/111/63167 

Theppeang K, et al. 2008. Gender and race/ethnicity differences in lead dose biomarkers. American Journal of Public Health 98(7):1248-55. Wang Z, et al. 2008. Changes in basic metabolic elements associated with the degeneration and ossification of ligamenta flava. Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine 31:279-84.

Zhang M, et al. 2008. Effects of fluoride on DNA damage, S-phase cell-cycle arrest and the expression of NF-kappaB in primary cultured rat hippocampal neurons. Toxicology Letters 179(1):1-5.

Zhang W, et al. 2008. Expressions of iNOS and VEGF mRNAs in thyroid gland of rat with goiter induced by fluoride. Chinese Veterinary Science. Available online at: http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-ZGSY200803018.htm

2007

Fulgoni V, et al. 2007. Dairy consumption and related nutrient intake in African-American adults and children in the United States: continuing survey of food intakes by individuals 1994-1996, 1998, and the National Health And Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2000. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 107(2):256-64.

Ibarra-Santana C, et al. 2007. Enamel hypoplasia in children with renal disease in a fluoridated area. J Clin Pediatr Dent. 31(4):274-8.

Kindt JH, et al. (2007). In situ observation of fluoride-ion induced hydroxyapatite-collagen detachment on bone fracture surfaces by atomic force microscopy. Nanotechnology 18:135102.

Kurland ES, et al. 2007. Recovery from skeletal fluorosis (an enigmatic, American case). J Bone Miner Res. 22(1):163-70.

Wang W, et al. 2007. Thoracic ossification of ligamentum flavum caused by skeletal fluorosis. Eur Spine J. 16(8):1119-28.

Watters JL, et al. 2007. Associations of antioxidant nutrients and oxidative DNA damage in healthy African-American and White adults. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention 16(7):1428-36.

2006

Cai Z. 2006. Determination the changes of rooster sperm quality induced by chronic fluorosis. Livestock and Poultry Industry. Available online at: http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-XQYI200612009.htm

Chinoy NJ, et al. 2006. Effects of fluoride ingestion with protein deficient or protein enriched diets on sperm function of mice. Fluoride 39:11-16.

Ge XJ, et al. (2006). Investigation of osteoarthritis in middle-aged and old people living in drinking water type fluoride area in Gaomi City. Preventive Medicine Tribune. Available online at: http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-YXWX200601026.htm

Goolsby SL, et al. 2006. Consumption of calcium among African American adolescent girls. Ethnicity & Disease 16(2):476-82.

Gotzfried F. 2006. Legal aspects of fluoride in salt, particularly within the EU. Schweiz Monatsschr Zahnmed 116:371-75.

Liu QB, et al. 2006. Investigation on combined toxicosis of fluorine-aluminum in Ewenke Qi Inner Mongolia. Chinese Journal of Control of Endemic Diseases. Available online at: http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-DYBF200605010.htm

Mou S, et al. 2006. Effect of fluorine, selenium and cadmium on lipid peroxide and microelements in rat’s testicle. Chinese Journal of Public Health. Available online at: http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-ZGGW200603045.htm

Sarkar SD, et al. 2006. Management of fluoride induced testicular disorders by calcium and vitamin-E co-administration in the albino rat. Reprod Toxicol. 22(4):606-12.

Williams DM, et al. 2006. Characteristics attributed to individuals with dental fluorosis. Community Dental Health 23:209-16.

Zakrzewska H, Udala J. 2006. [In vitro influence of sodium fluoride on adenosine triphosphate (ATP) content in ram semen]. [Article in Polish]. Ann Acad Med Stetin. 52 Suppl 1:109-11.

2005

Byers KG, Savaiano DA. 2005. The myth of increased lactose intolerance in African-Americans. Journal of the American College of Nutrition 24(6 Suppl):569S-73S.

Cinar A, Selcuk M. 2005. Effects of chronic fluorosis on thyroxine, triiodothyronine, and protein-bound iodine in cows. Fluoride 35:65-68. [See study]

Das S, et al. 2005. Induction of oxidative stress on reproductive and metabolic organs in sodium fluoride-treated male albino rats: protective effect of testosterone and vitamin e coadministration. Toxicol Mech Methods. 15(4):271-7.

Edwards M, et al. 2005. An assessment of teenagers’ perceptions of dental fluorosis using digital stimulation and web-based testing. Community Dentistry & Oral Epidemiology 33:298-306.

European Commission. 2005. The Safety of Fluorine Compounds in Oral Hygiene Products for Children Under the Age of 6 Years. European Commission, Health & Consumer Protection Directorate-General, Scientific Committee on Consumer Products, September 20.

Jiang Q, et al. 2005. Effect of fluoride on expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen in germ cells of rats’ testes. Chinese Journal of Endemiology. Available online at: http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-ZDFB200505017.htm

LI Y, et al. 2005. Effects of sodium fluoride on the actin cytoskeleton of murine ameloblasts. Archives of Oral Biology 50(8):681-8.

Lucas VS, Roberts GJ. 2005. Oro-dental health in children with chronic renal failure and after renal transplantation: a clinical review. Pediatr Nephrol. 20(10):1388-94.

Muthukumar N. 2005. Ossification of the ligamentum flavum as a result of fluorosis causing myelopathy: report of two cases. Neurosurgery. 56(3):E622.

2004

Alkhatib MN, et al. 2004. Aesthetically objectionable fluorosis in the United Kingdom. British Dental Journal 197:325-28

Allen K, et al. 2004. Using microabrasive material to remove fluorosis stains. Journal of the American Dental Association 135:319-23.

An L, et al. 2004. Combined effects of vitamin E and fluoride on reproductive function in male mice. Chinese Journal of Control of Endemic Disease. Available online at: http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-DYBF200403001.htm

Dai G, et al. 2004. Distributive regulation of bone substance change in various population sub-groups with different fluoride concentrations in drinking water. Chinese Journal of Endemiology. Available at: http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-ZDFB200402031.htm

Grucka-Mamczar E, et al. 2004. [Activities of some enzymes and concentration of ammonia in serum of rats with fluoridehyperglycemia]. [Article in Polish]. Ann Acad Med Stetin. 50 Suppl 1:36-41.

Ji F, et al. 2004. Study on the cardiovascular damage of skeletal fluorosis patients. Chin J Ctrl Endem Dis 19(6):321-3 (Abstract).

Kilicalp D, et al. 2004. Effects of chronic fluorosis on electrocardiogram in dogs. Fluoride 37(2):96-101.

Liu J, et al. 2004. Imaging value on bone turnover of skeletal fluorosis. Foreign Medical Sciences-Section of Medgeography. Available at: http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-GONE200402017.htm

Ornitsan E, et al. (2004). [Features of occupational fluorosis course]. [Article in Russian]. Med Tr Prom Ekol. (12):27-9.

Sharma S, et al. 2004. Adherence to the food guide pyramid recommendations among African Americans and Latinos: results from the Multiethnic Cohort. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 104(12):1873-7.

Shen X, et al. 2004. [Effect of iodine and selenium on learning memory impairment induced by fluorosis and blood biochemical criterion of rats.] [Study in Chinese] Occupation & Health 20(1):6-8.

Shulman JD, et al. 2004. Perceptions of desirable tooth color among parents, dentists and children. Journal of the American Dental Association 135:595-604.

Sigurjóns H, et al. 2004. Parental perception of fluorosis among 8-year-old children living in three communities in Iceland, Ireland and England. Community Dentistry & Oral Epidemiology 32(Suppl 1):34-8.

2003

Bao W, et al. (2003). [Investigation of osteoarthritis in Fengjiabao, Asuo, Qiancheng villages—to research the relationship between Fluorosis and Osteoarthritis. [Article in Chinese]. Chinese Journal of Endemiology. Available online at: http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-ZDFB200306012.htm

Bernard SM, McGeehin MA. 2003. Prevalence of blood lead levels >5 micro g/dL among US children 1 to 5 years of age and socioeconomic and demographic factors associated with blood of lead levels 5 to 10 micro g/dL, Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988-1994. Pediatrics 112(6 Pt 1):1308-13.

Chlubek D, et al. 2003. Activity of pancreatic antioxidative enzymes and malondialdehyde concentrations in rats with hyperglycemia caused by fluoride intoxication. J. Trace Elem. Med. Biol. 17:57-60.

Cui LX, et al. 2003. Experimental study on effect of fluoride on reproductive system of male rats. Chinese Journal of Endemiology. Available online at: http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-ZDFB406.007.htm

Dönmez N, Çinar A. 2003. Effects of chronic fluorosis on electrocardiogram in sheep. Biol Trace Elem Res 92:115-21.

Shao Q, et al. 2003. Study of cognitive function impairment caused by chronic fluorosis. Chinese Journal of Endemiology 22(4):336-38.

Watson WA, et al. 2003. 2002 Annual Report of the American Association of Poison Control Centers Toxic Exposure Surveillance System. American Journal of Emergency Medicine 21:353-421.

Zhan Z, et al. 2003. Bone mineral density of forearm of female residents in endemic fluorosis area. Chinese Journal of Osteoporosis. Available at: http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-ZGZS200302013.htm

2002

Astrom AN, Mashoto K. 2002. Determinants of self-rated oral health status among school children in northern Tanzania. International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry 12:90-100.

DePaula CA, et al. 2002. Changing the structurally effective mineral content of bone with in vitro fluoride treatment. J Biomech. 35(3):355-61.

2001

Gupta SK, et al. 2001. Compensatory hyperparathyroidism following high fluoride ingestion – a clinico – biochemical correlation. Indian Pediatr. 38(2):139-46.

Liu GY, et al. 2001. Effects of fluoride on thyroid structure in chicks. Chinese Journal of Endemiology. Available online at: http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-ZDFB200102003.htm

Shashi A, Thapar SP. 2001. Histopathology of myocardial damage in experimental fluorosis in rabbits. Fluoride 34(1):43-50.

Sohn W, et al. 2001. Fluid consumption related to climate among children in the United States. Journal of Public Health Dentistry 61(2):99-106.

Wan G, et al. 2001. Determination and analysis on multimark of test of patients with endemic fluorosis. Chinese Jouranl of Endemiology 20(2):137-39.

Wang X, et al. 2001. Effects of high iodine and high fluorine on children’s intelligence and thyroid function. Chinese Journal of Endemiology 20(4):288-90.

Zhang M, et al. (2001). Positive correlation between fluoride in drinking water and markers of bone resorption (abstract). Fluoride 34:214.

2000

Experts’ Group of Ministry of Health for Epidemiological Survey of Fluorosis of Tea Drinking Type. 2000. Relations between state of skeletal fluorosis of brick-tea type and?brick tea intake. Chinese Journal of Endemiology. Available at: http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-ZDFB200004012.htm

Harter S. 2000. Is self-esteem only skin deep? The inextricable link between physical appearance and self-esteem. Reclaiming Children and Youth 9(3):133-38.

Hattori Y, et al. 2000. Predominant contribution of the G protein-mediated mechanism to NaF-induced vascular contractions in diabetic rats: association with an increased level of G(qalpha) expression. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 292(2):761-8.

Lu Y, et al. 2000. Effect of water defluoridation by activated magnesia on sperm morphology in mice. Chinese Journal of Control of Endemic Diseases. Available online at: http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-DYBF200003002.htm

Murao H, et al. 2000. Sodium fluoride increases intracellular calcium in rat renal epithelial cell line NRK-52E.Biol Pharm Bull. 23(5):581-4.

Silva MJ, Ulrich SR. (2000). In vitro sodium fluoride exposure decreases torsional and bending strength and increases ductility of mouse femora. Journal of Biomechics 33(2):231-4.

Vashishth D, et al. (2000). Decline in osteocyte lacunar density in human cortical bone is associated with accumulation of microcracks with age. Bone 26:375-80.

Xie YP, et al. 2000. Clinical study of the effect of high fluoride on the function of the pancreatic islet b-cells. Chinese Journal of Endemiology 19(2): 84-6. [See copy of study]

Zhu X. 2000. The primary study of antagonism of selenium on fluoride induced reproductive toxicity of male rat. China Public Health. Available online at: http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-ZGGW200008013.htm

1999

Haddow JE, et al. 1999. Maternal thyroid deficiency during pregnancy and subsequent neuropsychological development of the child. New England Journal of Medicine 341(8):549-55.

Xiaoli L, et al. 1999. The detection of children’s T3, T4 and TSH contents in endemic fluorosis areas. Endemic Disease Bulletin 14(1):16-17.

Zhang H, et al. 1999. Study on the pathogenesis of osteotransformation in children’s skeletal fluorosis. Modern Preventive Medicine. Available at: http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-XDYF199903012.htm

1998

Kotha SP, et al. (1998). Varying the mechanical properties of bone tissue by changing the amount of its structurally effective bone mineral content. Biomed Mater Eng. 8(5-6):321-34.

Lalumandier JA, Rozier G. 1998. Parents’ satisfaction with children’s tooth color: Fluorosis as a contributing factor. Journal of the American Dental Association 129:1000-1006.

Obry-Musset AM. 1998. [Epidemiology of dental caries in children] [Article in French] Arch Pediatr 5: 1145-8.

Zhao XL, Wu JH. 1998. Actions of sodium fluoride on acetylcholinesterase activities in rats. Biomedical and Environmental Sciences 11(1):1-6.

1997

Chen P, et al. 1997. Effects of hyperfluoride on reproduction-endocrine system of male adults. Endemic Diseases Bulletin 12(2):57-58. [See study]

de la Sota M. 1997. [Changes in bone mass and glucose homeostasis in subjects with high spontaneous fluoride intake] (Article in Spanish). Medicina 57(4): 417-20.

Ganter G, et al. 1997. Contact dermatitis and stomatitis due to amine fluoride. Contact Dermatitis 37:248.

Li G, Ren L. 1997. [Effects of excess fluoride on bone turnover under conditions of diet with different calcium contents]. [Article in Chinese]. Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi. 26(5):277-80. [ Abstract ]

Noble BS, et al. 1997. Identification of apoptotic changes in osteocytes in normal and pathological human bone. Bone 20:273-82.

Priya CA, et al. 1997. Toxicity of fluoride to diabetic rats. Fluoride 30(1): 43-50.

Varadacharyulu NC, Rao PR. 1997. Gluconeogenesis and glycogenolysis in fluoride-treated rats. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology 35(8):906-8.

Whitford GM. 1997. Determinants and mechanisms of enamel fluorosis. Ciba Found Symp. 205:226-41.

Xu RY, Xu, RQ. 1997. Electrocardiogram analysis of patients with skeletal fluorosis. Fluoride 30(1):16-8.

Yao Y, et al. 1997. Comparative assessment of the physical and mental development of children in endemic fluorosis area with water improvement and without water improvement. Literature and Information on Preventive Medicine 3(1):42-43.

1996

Chen X, et al. 1996. Skeletal radiographic appearances of high aluminum fluorosis caused by domestic coal fuel (analysis of 39cases). Chinese Journal of Radiology. Available at: http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-ZHGS604.015.htm

Dunipace AJ, et al. 1996. Absence of detrimental effects of fluoride exposure in diabetic rats. Archives of Oral Biology 41(2): 191-203.

Hawley GM, et al. 1996. Dental caries, fluorosis and the cosmetic implications of different TF scores in 14-year-old adolescents. Community Dental Health 13:189-92.

Lanphear BP, et al. 1996. Racial differences in urban children’s environmental exposures to lead. American Journal of Public Health 86(10):1460-3.

Mikhailets ND, et al. 1996. Functional state of thyroid under extended exposure to fluorides Probl Endokrinol (Mosk) 42:6-9.  [See study]

Muglia MA, Marotti G. (1996). Osteocyte and microfracture location in human lamellar bone. Bone 19: 155S.

Riordan PJ. 1996. The place of fluoride supplements in caries prevention today. Australian Dental Journal 41: 335-42.

Shufen J, et al. 1996. The change of thyroid functlon from children with fluoride aluminum combined toxicosis in Shuicheng area of Guizhou. Journal of Guiyang Medical College. Available online at http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-GYYB602.008.htm

Woodward GL, et al. 1996. Clinical determinants of a parent’s satisfaction with the appearance of a child’s teeth. Community Dentistry & Oral Epidemiology 24:416-18.

Yang K, et al. 1996. Study on effects of selenium on lipid peroxidation and trace elements changes induced by fluorine and selenium in tissue of rat testis. http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-ZWSX605.008.htm

Yao Y, et al. 1996. Analysis on TSH and intelligence level of children with dental Fluorosis in a high fluoride area. Literature and Information on Preventive Medicine 2(1):26-27.

1994

Brody DJ, et al. 1994. Blood lead levels in the US population. Phase 1 of the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III, 1988 to 1991). Journal of the American Medical Association 272(4):277-83.

Fan J, et al. 1994. The Relationship between Nutritional Factors and Endemic Skeletal Fluorosis. Tianjing Medical Journal. Available online at: http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-TJYZ199412003.htm

Jackson R, et al. 1994. The effect of fluoride therapy on blood chemistry parameters in osteoporotic females. Bone Mineral 27(1):13-23.

Mabelya L. et al. 1994. Comparison of two indices of dental fluorosis in low, moderate, and high fluorosis Tanzanian populations. Community Dentistry & Oral Epidemiology 22:415-20.

Mwaniki DL, et al. 1994. Endemic fluorosis: an analysis of needs and possibilities based on case studies in Kenya. Social Science and Medicine 39: 807-13.

Narayana MV, Chinoy NJ. 1994. Effect of fluoride on rat testicular steroidogenesis. Fluoride 27: 7-12.

Seow WK, Thomsett MJ. 1994. Dental fluorosis as a complication of hereditary diabetes insipidus: studies of six affected patients. Pediatr Dent. 16(2):128-32.

Zhai H, et al. 1994. Research on fluorine pollution’s damage to children’s lung function and chromosome. Journal of Environment & Health. Available at: http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-HJYJ406.005.htm

1993

Sun M, et al. 1993. Pathogenesis of osteomalacic skeletal fluorosis an experimental study. Chinese Journal of Endemiology. Available at: http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-ZDFB199303001.htm

Tian JY, et al. 1993. Analysis of Bone Mineral Content in Human Cases of Endemic Skeletal Fluorosis with Different Types of Roentgen Rays. Endemic Disease Bulletin. Available at: http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-DFBT199303015.htm

Trivedi N, Mithal A, Gupta SK, et al. 1993. Reversible impairment of glucose tolerance in patients with endemic fluorosis. Diabetologia 36: 826-8.

van Palenstein Helderman WH, et al. 1993. Impact of dental fluorosis on the perception of well-being in an endemic fluorosis area. Community Dentistry & Oral Epidemiology 21:243-44.

Zhen J, et al. 1993. Experimental study on effect of sodium fluoride on reproductive system of male rats. Industrial Health and Occupational Diseases. Available online at: http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-GYWZ199304005.htm

1992

Bai X. 1992. Radiological analysis in 23 cases of endemic fluorsis. Chinese Journal of Endemiology. Available at: http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-ZDFB199204012.htm

Li R, et al. 1992. Fluoride in drinking water and intracardiac blood flow defects in Iowa. Am J Epidemiology, SER Abstracts, 15Oct1992: 1030.

Medvedeva VN. (1992). [The diagnosis and treatment of osteoarthrosis deformans in subjects in contact with fluorine compounds]. [Article in Russian]. Lik Sprava. (8):76-8.

Rigalli A, et al. 1992. Bone mass increase and glucose tolerance in rats chronically treated with sodium fluoride. Bone & Mineral 16:101-08.

Semennikova TK, et al. (1992). [The clinical characteristics of the early stages of occupational fluorosis under the combined and joint action of production factors]. [Article in Russian]. Gig Tr Prof Zabol. (3):6-8.

Zero DT, et al. 1992) Fluoride concentrations in plaque, whole saliva, and ductal saliva after application of home-use topical fluorides. Journal of Dental Research 71:1768-1775.

1991

Chen X, et al. 1991. [Bone x-ray analysis of patients with combined fluoride-aluminium toxicosis. Journal of Guiyang Medical College.] Available at: http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-GYYB199103005.htm

Li J, et al. 1991. The influence of high-fluorine on DNA stability in the human body. Chinese Journal of Endemiology. Available at: http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-ZDFB199103000.htm

Song S, et al. 1991. Experimental study on the role of aluminum in the pathogenesis of fluorosis. Journal of Guiyang Medical College. Available at: http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-GYYB199103009.htm

Sun M, et al. 1991. Measurement of intelligence by drawing test among the children in the endemic area of Al-F combined toxicosis. Journal of Guiyang Medical College 16(3):204-06.

1990

Keqin S, et al. 1990. Ultrastructural observations of testes and prostrate gland in rat with chronic fluorosis. Journal of China Medical University. Available online at: http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-ZGYK199005005.htm

Rigalli A, et al. 1990. Inhibitory effect of fluoride on the secretion of insulin. Calcif Tissue Int 46:333-8.

Song AH, et al. 1990. Observations on fluorotic aortosclerosis by two-dimensional echocardiography. Endemic Diseases Bulletin 5(1): 91-94.

Susheela AK, Kharb P. 1990. Aortic calcification in chronic fluoride poisoning: biochemical and electronmicroscope evidence. Exp Mol Path 53:72-80.

1950-1990

Pettifor JM, et al. 1989. Endemic skeletal fluorosis in children: hypocalcemia and the presence of renal resistance to parathyroid hormone. Bone Miner. 7(3):275-88.

Ren Da-Li. 1989. A study of the intellectual ability of 8-14 year-old children in high fluoride, low iodine areas. Chinese Journal of Control of Endemic Diseases 4:251. [See study]

Yuan S. 1989. The influence of fluorosis on the function of pituitary-gonadal axis in rat. Chinese Journal of Endemiology. Available online at: http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-ZDFB198902002.htm

Chen X. 1988. Radiological analysis of fluorotic cubital arthritis in 1090 cases. Journal of Guiyang Medical College. Available online at: http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-GYYB198802043.htm

Dai G. 1988. Quantitative epidemiologic study of the relationship between the content of fluoride and endemic fluorosis. Chinese Journal of Endemiology. Available at: http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-ZDFB198801007.htm

Guan ZZ, et al. 1988. Synergistic action of iodine-deficiency and fluorine-intoxication on rat thyroid. Chinese Medical Journal 101(9):679-84. [See study]

Li GS, et al. 1988. Conditions and factors affecting the development of osteomalacic skeletal fluorosis: an experimental study. Endemic Disease Bulletin. Available at: http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-DFBT198802002.htm

Liu H, et al. 1988. Analysis of the effect of fluoride on male infertility in regions with reported high level of fluoride (endemic fluorosis). Journal of the Medical Institute of Suzhou 8(4):297-99.

Liu Z, et al. 1988. An investigation on the serum thyroid hormones and fluoride concentrations in patients with endemic fluorosis. Chinese Journal of Endemiology 7(4):216-18.

Naidu MRC, et al. 1988. Intraosseous schwannoma of the cervical spine associated with skeletal fluorosis. Clinical Neurology & Neurosurgery 90:257-60.

Neelam, K, et al. 1987. Incidence of prevalence of infertility among married male members of endemic fluorosis district of Andhra Pradesh. In: Abstract Proc Conf Int Soc for Fluoride Res. Nyon, Switzerland.

Renke W, et al. (1987). Estimation of occupational hazards of the employees of a phosphate fertilizers plant. Bull. Inst. Mar. Trop. Med. Gdynia 38:5-16.

Whitford GM, et al. 1987. Topical fluorides: effects on physiologic and biochemical processes. J Dent Res. 66(5):1072-8.

Allmann DW, et al. 1986. Stimulation of cAMP accumulation in rat aorta and diaphragm by fluorine containing compounds. Res Comm Chem Pathol Pharmacol 52(3):275-84.

Lin F, et al. 1986. A preliminary approach to the relationship of both endemic goiter and fluorosis in the valley of Manasi River, Xin-Jiang to environmental geochemistry. Chinese Journal of Endemiology 5(1):53-55.

Rayjalakashmi K, et al. 1986. Investigations on the Relevance of Defluoridated Water and Nutritional Supplements in Fluorosis Endemic Areas in Andhra Pradesh, India. Studies in Environmental Science 27:357-67.

Shahed AR, et al. 1986. Effect of F on rat serum insulin levels in vivo. Journal of Dental Research 65:756.

Allmann DW, et al. 1986. Stimulation of cAMP accumulation in rat aorta and diaphragm by fluorine containing compounds. Res Comm Chem Pathol Pharmacol 52(3):275-84.

Chubb C. 1985a. Reversal of the endocrine toxicity of commercially produced perfluorochemical emulsion. Biology of Reproduction 33(4):854-8.

Hebei Province Baoding Antiepidemic Station. 1985. Relationships between osteofluorosis and osteopenia. Chinese Journal of Endemiology. Available at: http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-ZDFB198503012.htm

Sandberg D, Zichner L. 1985. A case of bone fluorosis of undetermined origin. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. 104:191-95.

Suketa Y, Asao Y, Kanamoto Y, et al. 1985. Changes in adrenal function as a possible mechanism for elevation of serum glucose by a single large dose of fluoride. Tox Appl Pharm 80: 199-205.

Yu Y. 1985. Study on serum T4, T3, and TSH levels in patients with chronic skeletal fluorosis. Chinese Journal of Endemiology 4(3):242-43.

Horowitz HS, et al. 1984. A new method for assessing the prevalence of dental fluorosis–the Tooth Surface Index of Fluorosis. Journal of the American Dental Association 109(1):37-41.

Huang S, et al. 1984. Evaluation of the diagnosis classification and differentiation of fluorosis on bony peripheral tissue change and athralgias. Ningxia Medical Journal. Available at: http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTOTAL-NXYX198403000.htm

Tuncel E. 1984. The incidence of Moenckeberg calcifications in patients with endemic fluorosis. Fluoride 17(1):4-8.

Rotton J, et al. 1983. Behavioral Effects of Chemicals in Drinking Water. Journal of Applied Psychology 67:230-38.

Wang Y, et al. 1983. A comparative study on systolic time interval of populations in mild and severe endemic fluorosis regions. Chin J Endem 7(1):60 (Abstract).

Liu Z, et al. 1982. X-ray analysis of 407 cases of skeletal fluorosis. Shaanxi Journal of Medicine. Available at: http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-SXYZ198206024.htm

Sharma YD. 1982. Effect of sodium fluoride on collage cross-link precursors. Toxicology Letters 10:97-100.

Sharma YD. 1982. Variations in the metabolism and maturation of collagen after fluoride ingestion. Biochimica et Biophysica  Acta 715:137-41.

Meunier PJ, et al. 1980. Niflumic acid-induced skeletal fluorosis: iatrogenic disease or therapeutic perspective for osteoporosis? Clin Orthop Relat Res. 148:304-9.

Haesungcharern A, Chulavatnatol M. 1978. Inhibitors of adenylate cyclase from ejaculated human spermatozoa. J Reprod Fertil. 53(1):59-61.

Prost A, et al. 1978. [Fluorine osteosis caused by a very long-term niflumic acid treatment in 2 cases of rheumatoid arthritis]. [Article in French]Rev Rhum Mal Osteoartic. 45(12):707-16.

Makhni SS, et al. 1977. Long-term effects of fluoride administration: an experimental study. Fluoride 10:82-86.

Tokar VI, Savchenko ON. 1977. Effect of inorganic fluorine compounds on the functional state of the pituitary-testis system. Probl Endokrinol(Mosk). 23(4):104-7.

Walland A. 1977. Further evidence for the involvement of cAMP in central blood pressure regulation. Arch Pharmacol 296:177-81.

Klein H. 1975. Dental fluorosis associated with hereditary diabetes insipidus. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol. 40(6):736-41.

Peach MJ. 1975. Anions: Phosphate, iode, fluoride, and other ions. In: Goodman LS, Gilman A (eds): The Pharmacological Basic of Therapeutics. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company, pp 804-805.

Greenberg LW, et al. 1974. Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus with fluorosis. Pediatrics. 54(3):320-2.

Thienes CH, Haley TJ. 1972. Clinical Toxicology (5th Edition). Lea & Febiger, Philadelphia, p. 176.

Siddiqui AH. 1969. Incidence of simple goiter in areas of endemic fluorosis in Nalgonda district, Andhra Pradesh, India. Fluoride 200-05.

Vishnevskii VL, El Nichnykh LN. 1969. (A toxicological and morphological characterization of the action of different concentrations of inhaled hydrogen fluoride on the body.). Tr Tsentr Nauchno-Issled Proektn-Konstr In. 2: 143-147.

Pribilla O. 1968. Four cases of acute silicofluoride intoxication: clinical and pathological findings. Fluoride 1:102-9.

Waldbott GL. 1966. Fluoride and calcium levels in the aorta. Specialia 15:835-6.

1963

Stookey GK, Muhler JC. 1963. Relationship between fluoride deposition and metastatic calcification in soft tissues of rat and guinea pig. Proceed Soc Exp Biol Med 113:720-5.

1962

Russell Al. 1962. Dental fluorosis in Grand Rapids during the seventeenth year of fluoridation. Journal of the American Dental Association 65:608-12.

1956

Leone NC, et al. 1956. Acute and subacute toxicity studies of sodium fluoride in animals. Pub Health Rep 71(5):459-67.

Takamori T, et al. 1956. Electrocardiographic studies of the inhabitants in high fluoride districts. Fluoride 4(4):204-9.

1954

Okushi I. 1954a. Changes in the heart muscle due to chronic fluorosis. Part I: Electrocardiogram and cardiac x-rays in inhabitants of a high fluoride zone. (Abstracted from) Shikoku Acta Medica 5:159-165.

Okushi I. 1954b. Changes in the heart muscle due to chronic fluorosis. Part II: Experimental studies on the effects of sodium fluoride upon the heart muscle of rabbits. (Abstracted from) Shikoku Acta Medica 5:238-45.

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