Fluoride Action Network

Government Reports & FAN Submissions

FAN's compilation of official reports from the US, EU, WHO, UN, Australia, Canada, Ireland, NZ, and the UK. The majority of FAN's submissions to various government agencies over the years are also included.

United States

Acronym

ACS – American Cancer Society
ADA – American Dental Association
AWWA – American Water Works Association
ASTDD – Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors
ATSDR  –  Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry
CA EPA  –  California Environmental Protection Agency
CDC-Oral Health – Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Oral Health
CDC-MMWR – Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
CRC  –  Congressional Research Service
DHEW – Department of Health Education, and Welfare
DOJ –  Department of Justice
EPA –  Environmental Protection Agency
EPA-Air:  Office of Air Toxics
EPA-Pesticides:  Office of Pesticides
EPA-RTP: Research Triangle Park
EPA-TTNA: Technology Transfer Network Air Toxics
EPA-Water:  Office of Water
FDA – Food and Drug Administration
HHS –  Department of Health & Human Services
IHS – Indian Health Service
IAOMT – International Academy of Oral Medicine and Toxicology (NGO)
IOM  –  Institute of Medicine
NCHS –
National Center for Health Statistics
NCI –  National Cancer Institute
NIDR –  National Institute of Dental Research
NIEHS –  National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences
NIH –  National Institutes of Health
NKF – National Kidney Foundation

NRC –  National Research Council of the National Academies
NTP –  National Toxicology Program
NYDOH –  New Jersey Department of Health
PEW – The Pew Charitable Trusts
PHS –  Public Health Service
USDA –  United States Department of Agriculture
USGS –  United States Geological Survey

Year Document Agency
2017 October. NIEHS/EPA Children’s Environmental Health and Disease Prevention Research Centers. Protecting Children’s Health Where They Live, Learn, and Play. IMPACT REPORT EPA/600/R-17/407 NIEHS, EPA
2017 September. Sodium Fluoride. Draft for Comment (B701 SCLB). Deadline of Nov. 20th to review and submit comments. After that deadline date, comments will have to wait until the next revision of the standard.American Water Works Association. AWWA
2017 September 28. Final Rule. Phosphoric Acid Manufacturing and Phosphate Fertilizer Production Risk and Technology Review Reconsideration.  Federal Register, 40 CFR Part 63; Docket ID No. EPA–HQ–OAR–2012–0522 EPA
2017 August 11. Sulfuryl fluoride. Summary of Notifiable Noninfectious Conditions and Disease Outbreaks: Surveillance Data Published Between April 1, 2016 and January 31, 2017 — United States. By Thomas K, Jajosky R, Coates RJ, Calvert GM, et al. MMWR, 64(54);1–6. CDC – MMWR
2017 July. Position Paper against Fluoride Use in Water, Dental Materials , and Other Products for Dental and Medical Practitioners, Dental and Medical Students, Consumers , and Policy Makers. IAOMT
2017 June. Protocol for Systematic Review of Effects of Fluoride Exposure on Neurodevelopment. NTP
2017 February 27. Fluoride Chemicals in Drinking Water; TSCA Section 21 Petition; Reasons for Agency Response. Proposed Rule. Federal Register 82 FR 11878. Html version. EPA
2017 January 30. Statement on the evidence supporting the safety and effectiveness of community water fluoridation. Signed:
Casey Hannan, MPH, Acting Director, Division of Oral Health, CDC; and
Lorena Espinoza, DDS, MPH, Associate Director for Science, Division of Oral Health
CDC
2017

January 23. Oral Health: Preventing Dental Caries, Community Water Fluoridation. By the Community Preventive Services Task Force. Published by the Community Guide. Document last updated January 23, 2017. (Original url, https://www.thecommunityguide.org/sites/default/files/assets/Oral-Health-Caries-Community-Water-Fluoridation_3.pdf)

See this document which states this is a CDC effort and publication. (Original url, https://www.thecommunityguide.org/about/contact-us)

CDC
2017 January 11. Six-Year Review. Six-Year Review of Fluoride in Drinking Water. Published in the Federal Register 82 FR 3518 under: National Primary Drinking Water Regulations; Announcement of the Results of EPA’s Review of Existing Drinking Water Standards and Request for Public Comment and/or Information on Related Issues. Public comments requested with a due date before or on March 13.
PDF version
EPA
2016 December. Six-Year Review. Six-Year Review 3 – Health Effects Assessment for Existing Chemical and Radionuclide National Primary Drinking Water Regulations – Summary Report. Office of Water (4304T); EPA 822-R-16-008. This document was prepared in part under U.S. EPA Contract EP-C-10-030, Work Assignments 3-08 and 4-08, and U.S. EPA Contract EP-C-12-023, Work Assignment 3-26 EPA-Water
2016 December. Fluoridation Report by State. Council on Advocacy for Access Prevention. ADA
2016 December 12. Additional measures can be taken to prevent deaths and serious injuries from residential fumigations. Report No. 17-P-0053. Office of Inspector General. EPA
2016 November 29. FDA’s letter to Michael Connett, Esq.,director of FAN, denying petition of May 6, 2016, requesting FDA to take enforcement actions against companies that distribute sodium fluoride drops/tablets/lozenges for dental caries protection. Docket #: FDA-2016-P-1288 FDA
2016 November 7. Federal Register Notice, “Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork  Reduction Act Review.”

Re: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). “… The notice for  the proposed information collection is  published to obtain comments from the  public and affected agencies… The following major examination or  laboratory items, that had been included  in the 2015–2016 NHANES, were cycled  out for NHANES 2017–2018: … dental fluorosis  assessment, dental fluorosis imaging  (DFI), plasma, urine and water fluoride… To request additional information on  the proposed project or to obtain a copy  of the information collection plan and  instruments, call (404) 639–7570 or  send an email to  omb@cdc.gov.  Direct  written comments and/or suggestions  regarding the items contained in this  notice to the Attention: CDC Desk  Officer, Office of Management and  Budget, Washington, DC 20503 or by fax  to (202) 395–5806. Written comments  should be received within 30 days of  this notice.” Public comments due no later than December 5, 2016.
CDC
2016 October 21. Vital Signs: Dental Sealant Use and Untreated Tooth Decay Among U.S. School-Aged Children. By Griffin SO, Wei L, Gooch BF, et al. MMWR, October 21, 2016 / 65(41);1141-1145. CDC – MMWR
2016
July 15. Notes from the Field: Acute Sulfuryl Fluoride Poisoning in a Family — Florida, August 2015.By Prakash RM, Clark G, Jackson WL, Calvert GM. MMWR, July 15, 2016 / 65(27);698–699.
CDC – MMWR
2016 July 8. Comments Regarding the NIH National Toxicology Program’s Systematic Literature Review on the Effects of Fluoride on Learning and Memory in Animal Studies. By Lorena Espinoza, DDS, MPH, Associate Director for Science, Division of Oral Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC-Oral Health
2016 July. Systematic Literature Review on the Effects of Fluoride on Learning and Memory in Animal Studies. NTP Research Report 1. National Toxicology Program. NTP
2016 May 6. Email from EPA’s Steven Neugeboren to Jill Jennings-McElheney on the Statutory Role of Regulatory Agencies on Water Fluoridation. EPA-Water
2016 March 3. 2014 Water Fluoridation Statistics. CDC
2016 Jan 16. Most children with medicaid in four states are not receiving required dental services, Department of Health & Human Services, Office of Inspector General. January 16, 2016. Report No. OEI-02-14-00490. This report was prepared under the direction of Jodi Nudelman, Regional Inspector General for Evaluation and Inspections in the New York regional office, and Nancy Harrison and Meridith Seife, Deputy Regional Inspectors General. HHS
2016 January 15. Technical comments. Nominations to the Report on Carcinogens and Office of Health Assessment and Translation.
Includes comments on”
– Harvard Study on Osteosarcoma
– Ruling by CA Prop 65 in 2011
– Evaluation by EU’s SCHER committee
– Additional Studies
ADA
2015 Dec 2. NTP Evaluation of Fluoride Exposure and Potential for Developmental Neurobehavioral Effects. By Kristina Thayer, PhD, Office of Health Assessment and Translation (OHAT), National  Institute of Environmental Health Sciences. NTP Board of Scientific Counselors. NTP
2015 Oct 26. Final Rule for National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) for Brick and Structural Clay Products (BSCP) Manufacturing and NESHAP for Clay Ceramics Manufacturing.

2. Summary of the Major Provisions
The EPA is finalizing MACT emission limits for non-Hg HAP metals (or PM surrogate) and Hg, and a health-based emission limit (HBEL) for acid gases (hydrogen fluoride (HF), hydrogen chloride (HCl) and chlorine (Cl2)) for BSCP tunnel kilns…

B. Clay Ceramics Manufacturing NESHAP
The EPA is finalizing MACT emission limits for Hg, PM (surrogate for non-Hg HAP metals), and dioxins/furans and HBEL for acid gases (HF and HCl) for sanitaryware tunnel kilns and ceramic tile roller kilns.
5… Under the final BSCP Manufacturing NESHAP, the owner or operator is required to measure emissions of HF, HCl, Cl2, Hg and PM (or non-Hg HAP metals).

At this link you can choose to look at the 52 public comments that EPA replied to in the Final Rule.
The HTML version of Final Rule may be easier to read 

EPA
2015 Oct 7. Recommendation to review fluoride as a carcinogen, developmental toxicant, and endocrine disruptor. Federal Register. Notice. NTP
2015 Oct 7. Notice of Lodging of Two Proposed Consent Decrees Under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act. Federal Register. DOJ
2015 Oct 1. Press release on the Consent Decrees against Mosaic Fertilizer, LLC, operations in Florida and Louisiana. EPA
2015 Sept 30. United States of America and Florida Department of Environmental Protection (Plaintiffs) v. Mosaic Fertilizer, LLC (Defendant). Civil Complaint. Filed September 30, 2015. 99 pages. DOJ
EPA
2015 Sept 30. United States of America and Florida Department of Environmental Protection (Plaintiffs) v. Mosaic Fertilizer, LLC (Defendant). Consent Decree. Filed September 30, 2015. 82 pages. DOJ
EPA
2015 Oct 1. United States of America and Florida Department of Environmental Protection (Plaintiffs) v. Mosaic Fertilizer, LLC (Defendant). Appendices. Filed October 1, 2015. 574 pages. DOJ
EPA
2015 Sept 30. United States of America and Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality (Plaintiffs) v. Mosaic Fertilizer, LLC (Defendant). Civil Complaint. Filed September 30, 2015. 53 pages. DOJ
EPA
2015 Sept 30. United States of America and Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality (Plaintiffs) v. Mosaic Fertilizer, LLC (Defendant). Consent Decree. Filed September 30, 2015. 85 pages. DOJ
EPA
2015 Oct 1. United States of America and Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality (Plaintiffs) v. Mosaic Fertilizer, LLC (Defendant). Attachments. Filed October 1, 2015. 416 pages. DOJ
EPA
2015 August 21. Occupational Hydrofluoric Acid Injury from Car and Truck Washing — Washington State, 2001–2013. MMWR 64(32);874-877. CDC – MMWR
2015 July 31. Overview: Infant formula and fluorosis.
Online at https://www.cdc.gov/fluoridation/safety/infant_formula.htm as of May 12, 2017
CDC-Oral Health
2015 July 28. Water Fluoridation and Cancer Risk. ACS
2015 July 2. Comments Regarding the Cochrane Review of Water Fluoridation for the Prevention of Dental Caries. Division of Oral Health. CDC
2015 July. Fluoridation Advocacy. Pew’s Contributions and Lessons that Emerge, by the Children’s Dental Health Project Pew
2015 June. Community Water Fluoridation Policy Statement. Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors. Adopted 2009; Amended June 2015. ASTDD
2015
June 18. Water fluoridation for the prevention of dental caries.  By Iheozor-Ejiofor Z, Worthington HV, Walsh T, O’Malley L, Clarkson JE, Macey R, Alam R, Tugwell P, Welch V, Glenny AM. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2015 Jun 18;6.
NOTE: “Conflicts of interest This review is supported by a grant from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. No other interests to declare.”
CDC
2015
Questions & Answers for Consumers Concerning Infant Formula. (No mention of fluoride.) Updated June 5, 2015; online July 7, 2017.
FDA
2015
This 2008 report was released in June 2015 in response to a FOIA request by Carol Kopf.
Title on the report: The Public Votes on Fluoridation. Factors Linked to the Outcome of Fluoridation Campaigns.
HHS suggested citation title:  Exploring Factors Associated with Fluoridation Referenda Outcomes.  By Chadwick A, Lamia T, Zaro-Moore J.
HHS, CDC
2015 May 1. Public Health Service Recommendation for Fluoride Concentration in Drinking Water for Prevention of Dental Caries. Federal Register, Notice (80 FR 24936) (Page: 24936 -24947) (Document Number:2015-10201). Original online. HHS
2015 May. Report on the Economic Well-Being of U.S Households in 2014 by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System. Report prepared by Jeff Larrimore, Mario Arthur-Bentil, Sam Dodini, and Logan Thomas. Federal Reserve System
2015
May. Dental Caries and Tooth Loss in Adults in the United States, 2011–2012. By Dye BA, Thornton-Evans G, Li X, Iafolla TJ. NCHS data brief, no 197. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics.
NCHS
2015 April. The Oral Health of American Indian and Alaska Native Children Aged 1-5 Years: Results of the 2014 IHS Oral Health Survey. By Phipps KR and Ricks TL. Indian Health Service data brief. Rockville, MD: Indian Health Service. IHS
2015 April 27. U.S. Public Health Service Recommendation  for Fluoride Concentration in Drinking  Water for the Prevention of Dental Caries. Public Health Reports, July-August 2015. (Released via press release on April 27, 2015.) HHS
2015 April 27. Surgeon General’s Perspectives. Community Water Fluoridation: One of CDC’s “10 Great Public Health Achievements of the 20th Century.” Public Health Reports, July-August 2015. (Released via press release on April 27, 2015.) HHS
2015 April 27. FDA issues a letter for manufacturers with recommendations on fluoride added to bottled water. “… We intend to revise the quality standard for fluoride added to bottled water in 21 CFR 165.110(b)(4)(ii) to be consistent with the updated PHS recommendation. In the interim, we recommend that bottled water manufacturers do not add fluoride to bottled water at concentrations greater than a maximum final concentration of 0.7 mg/L. FDA
2015

April 2. Statement on the evidence supporting the safety and effectiveness of community water fluoridation. Signed by Katherine Weno, DDS, JD, Director, Division of Oral Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, CDC.

June 8. The same statement as above, but with different date.

CDC – Oral Health
2015 Revised April 1, 2015: BOTTLED WATER. Code of Federal Regulation Title 21; Sec. 165.110, Bottled water. FDA
2015 Revised April 1, 2015: LABELING ON DENTAL PRODUCTS. Code of Federal Regulation Title21: Section 355.50, Labeling of anticaries drug products. FDA
2014

LETTER from Wanda K. Jones, DrPH, Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of Health, to Ms.McElheney, November 21:

… FDA has determined that Congress did not intend for FDA to regulate the addition of fluoride to public drinking water for dental caries prevention as a drug under FD&C Act. Instead, Congress intended that the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regulate fluoride in public drinking water as a potential contaminant under the Safe Drinking Water Act of 1974 (SDWA), Public Law No. 93-523, 88 Stat. 1660 (codified as amended at 42 U.S.C. 300f et seq.) to protect against adverse health effects, and that within the limits thus set by EPA, state and local governments be permitted, but not required, to fluoridate public drinking water to help dental caries…

See also Feb 14, 2013, letter from Steven M. Neugeboren, EPA – Water.

See also, June 1979, Memorandum of Understanding Between the Environmental Protection Agency and the Food and Drug Administration.

HHS
2014 September 12. Use of Dental Care and Effective Preventive Services in Preventing Tooth Decay Among U.S. Children and Adolescents — Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, United States, 2003–2009 and National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, United States, 2005–2010. By Griffin SO, Barker LK, Wei L, Li CH, Albuquerque MS, Gooch BF. MMWR, 63(02);54-60. CDC – MMWR
2014 May. Who’s in Danger? Race, Poverty, and Chemical Disasters. A demographic analysis of chemical disaster vulnerability zones. Environmental Justice and Health Alliance for Chemical Policy Reform. Other
2014 Feb 14. New guidance from the ADA’s Council on Scientific Affairs “recommends that caregivers use a smear of fluoride toothpaste (or an amount about the size of a grain of rice) for children younger than 3 years old and a pea-size amount of fluoride toothpaste for children 3 to 6 years old.” Press release. ADA
2013 September.  Hispanic Community Health Study Data Book. A Report to the Communities. National Institutes of Health. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. NIH Publication No. 13-7951. HHS
2013 April 5. Fluoride in Drinking Water: A Review of Fluoridation and Regulation Issues – by Mary Tiemann, April 5. CRC
2013

February 14. Letter from Steven M. Neugeboren, Associate General Council, Water Law Office, at the Environmental Protection Agency, which states, “EPA does not have responsibility for substances added to water solely for preventative health care purposes…”

See also, November 21, 2014, LETTER from Wanda K. Jones, DrPH, Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of Health, to Ms.McElheney.

See also, June 1979, Memorandum of Understanding Between the Environmental Protection Agency and the Food and Drug Administration.

EPA-Water
2013 April. Building Capacity. By Orc Macro, Inc. (See second para, page 165)

The intent of this review is to provide background information on the issue of fluoridation and to identify social scientific research that may shed light on the factors that influence community decisions to adopt or reject fluoridation.
CDC – Oral Health
2012 Health, United States, 2011. With Special Feature on Socioeconomic Status and Health. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics. DHHS Publication No. 2012 – 1232. CDC – Oral Health
2012 (a) Contract that CDC gave to Georgia Health Sciences University Research Institute “for laboratory measurements on water and plasma specimens for fluoride testing… on participants aged 6 to 19 years.” Amount of contract: $496,256.00. CDC – Oral Health
2012 (b) Specifications for Contract (above) “for laboratory measurements on water and plasma specimens for fluoride testing… on participants aged 6 to 19 years.” CDC – Oral Health
2012 February. Final Rule: National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants From Coal- and Oil-Fired Electric Utility Steam Generating Units … According to this Final Rule: “In 2005, U.S. EGUs [Coal & oil-fired units] emitted 62 percent of total HF emissions.” February 12. EPA-Air
2012 2012 Water Fluoridation Statistics. Online in 2013. CDC
2011 Evidence on the Carcinogenicity of Fluoride and Its Salts. Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment (OEHHA). CA EPA
2011 CDC – MMWR
2011 Building a Database of Developmental Neurotoxicants: Evidence from Human and Animal StudiesBy W Mundy W, Padilla S, Shafer T, Gilbert M, Breier J, Cowden J, Crofton K, Herr D, Jensen K, Raffaele K, Radio N, and Schumacher K. RTP
2011 June 11. Comments on the Environmental Protection Agency’s Fluoride Risk Assessment and Relative Risk Contribution Documents Docket Number: EPA-HQ-OPP-2005-0174. Submission signed by Raymond F. Gist, DDS, President and Kathleen T. O’Loughlin DMD, Executive Director.
Note: While one of the pages has DRAFT on it, this was the ADA’s submission in EPA’s docket.
ADA
2011 January 19. Sulfuryl Fluoride; Proposed Order Granting Objections to Tolerances and Denying Request for a Stay; Proposed Rule. Federal Register. EPA-
Pesticides
2011 January 13. Proposed HHS Recommendation for Fluoride Concentration in Drinking Water for Prevention of Dental Caries. Notice in the Federal Register HHS
2011 January 7. Press release with EPA Office of Water: EPA and HHS Announce New Scientific Assessments and Actions on Fluoride / Agencies working together to maintain benefits of preventing tooth decay while preventing excessive exposure HHS
EPA-Water
2011 January. Fact Sheet: New Fluoride Risk Assessment and Relative Source Contribution Documents EPA-Water
2011 January 3. Fluoride in Drinking Water: A Review of Fluoridation and Regulation Issues – by Mary Tiemann. CRC
2011 January. Questions and Answers on Fluoride EPA-Water
2010 Decermber. Fluoride: Dose-Response Analysis For Non-cancer Effects EPA-Water
2010 Decermber. Fluoride: Exposure and Relative Source Contribution Analysis EPA-Water
2010 Prevalence and Severity of Dental Fluorosis in the United States, 1999–2004. By Beltran-Aguilar ED et al. NCHS Data Brief No. 53. November. CDC – Oral Health
2010 March 29. Six-Year Review. National Primary Drinking Water Regulations; Announcement of the Results of EPA’s Review of Existing Drinking Water Standards and Request for Public Comment and/or Information on Related Issues. Federal Register. Notice. EPA
2010 Fact Sheet. Announcement of Completion of EPA’s Second Review of Existing Water Standards. A requirement of the Safe Water Drinking Act (SWDA). March. EPA
2009 National Primary Drinking Water Regulations EPA-Water
2008

Title on the report: The Public Votes on Fluoridation. Factors Linked to the Outcome of Fluoridation Campaigns. By ORC Macro, Inc. research team: Chadwick A, Lamia T, Zaro-Moore J,Chervin D, Wike R, Farrell J, Bates B.

According to the report, “A more detailed description of this study, “Exploring Factors Associated with Fluoridation Refetenda Outcomes, Final Report” (September 2005), and its findings ate available from the CDC Division of Oral Health.”

This report was received in June 2015 via a FOIA request by Carol Kopf.

CDC – Oral Health
2008 Fluoride: Dose-Response Analysis For Non-cancer Effects EPA-Water
2008

Public Health Assessment for: K-25 and S-50 Uranium Fluoride Releases, Oak Ridge Reservation (USDOE), Oak Ridge, Roane County, Tennessee.  EPA Facility ID TN1890090003.

— Comments submitted by Kathleen Thiessen, click here

ATSDR
2008 July 11. Populations Receiving Optimally Fluoridated Public Drinking Water — United States, 1992–2006. MMWR, July 11, 2008 / 57(27);737-741. CDC – MMWR
2008 April 15. National Kidney Foundation statement: Fluoride Intake in Chronic Kidney Disease, April 15, 2008. NKF
2008 2008 – AKWESASNE. St. Regis Mohawk Tribe Data Report: Fluoride. 2008. CAA Fluoride Grant: XA98279801-3.
2007 Reregistration Eligibility Decision for Sodium Fluoride EPA – Pesticides
2007 Sodium Fluoride Risk Assessment for the Reregistration Eligibility Decision (RED) Document EPA – Pesticides
2007 Environmental Fate Assessment of Sodium Fluoride EPA – Pesticides
2007 Sodium Fluoride Toxicology Chapter for the Reregistration Eligibility Decision (RED) Document EPA – Pesticides
2007 Revised Occupational and Residential/Bystander Assessment of the Antimicrobial Use (Remedial Wood Treatment) of Sodium Fluoride for the Reregistration Eligibility Decision (RED) Document EPA – Pesticides
2007 Revised Ecological Hazard and Environmental Risk Assessment Chapter for Sodium Fluoride RED – Error Corrections EPA – Pesticides
2007 Sodium Fluoride – Incident Report Summary EPA – Pesticides
2006 Arsenic, Boron, and Fluoride Concentrations in Ground Water in and Near Diabase Intrusions, Newark Basin, Southeastern Pennsylvania. Scientific Investigations Report 2006-5261. In cooperation with the Environmental Protection Agency. USGS
2006 Fluoride in Drinking Water: A Scientific Review of EPA’s Standards. Prepared at the request of the U.S. EPA’s Office of Water. Also see PDF version. NRC
2005

August 26. Surveillance for Dental Caries, Dental Sealants, Tooth Retention, Edentulism, and Enamel Fluorosis — United States, 1988–1994 and 1999–2002. By Beltran-Aguilar ED et al. MMWR. Surveillance Summaries. 54(03);1-44. August 26.

See also, Table 23 on enamel fluorosis

CDC – MMWR
2005 Fluoridation Facts ADA
2005 2005. USDA National Fluoride Database of Selected
Beverages and Foods, Release 2. December. Nutrient Data Laboratory, Beltsville., Human Nutrition Research Center, Agricultural Research Service.
(See 2004 below)
USDA
2004 2004. USDA National Fluoride Database of Selected Beverages and Food. Nutrient Data Laboratory, Beltsville., Human Nutrition Research Center, Agricultural Research Service.
(see 2005 above)
USDA
2004 Interaction Profile for: Cyanide, Fluoride, Nitrate, and Uranium. ATSDR
2003 Toxicological Profile for Fluorides, Hydrogen Fluoride, and Fluorine ATSDR
2003 Public Health and Aging: Retention of Natural Teeth Among Older Adults — United States, 2002. MMWR, December 19, 2003 / 52(50);1226-1229. CDC – MMWR
2003 July 18. Six-Year Review. National Primary Drinking Water Regulations; Announcement of Completion of EPA’s Review of Existing Drinking Water Standards. Federal Register. Notice. EPA
2002 February 22. Populations Receiving Optimally Fluoridated Public Drinking Water — United States, 2000. MMWR, February 22, 2002 / 51(07);144-7 CDC – MMWR
2001 Draft Toxicological Profile for Fluorine, Hydrogen Fluoride, and Fluorides ATSDR
2001 CDC – MMWR
2001 August 17. Recommendations for using fluoride to prevent and control dental caries in the United States. MMWR. August 17. 50(RR14):1-42. By Adair SM, Bowen WH, Burt BA, Kumar JV, Levy SM, Pendrys DG. CDC – MMWR
2001 Sodium Hexafluorosilicate [CASRN 16893-85-9] and Fluorosilicic Acid [CASRN 16961-83-4]. Review of Toxicological Literature. By Karen E. Haneke and Bonnie L. Carson. NIEHS
2000 The Manufacture of Fluoride Chemicals. By Thomas G. Reeves, P.E., National Fluoridation Engineer. CDC – Oral Health
2000 Hydrogen Fluoride TTNA
2000 Oral Health in America: A Report of the Surgeon General. National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, National Institutes of Health. HHS
1999

December 24. Ten Great Public Health Achievements — United States, 1900-1999. MMWR Weekly, December 24, 1999 / 48(50);1141.

Also, see below, October 22, 1999, CDC-MMWR.

CDC – MMWR
1999

October 22. Achievements in Public Health, 1900-1999: Fluoridation of drinking water to prevent dental caries. Mortality and Morbidity Weekly Review. (MMWR). 48(41): 933-940 October 22, 1999.

NOTE: The authors of this report were Scott Tomar and Susan Griffin – as cited in Scott Tomar’s Curriculam Vitae  –paper number 27 on page 27.

Also, see above, December 24, 1999, CDC-MMWR.

CDC – MMWR
1999 October 22. H. Trendley Dean, D.D.S. MMWR, October 22, 1999 /48(41);935. CDC – MMWR
1999 September 3. Water Fluoridation and Costs of Medicaid Treatment for Dental Decay — Louisiana, 1995-1996. MMWR, September 3, 1999 / 48(34);753-757. CDC – MMWR
1999 April 2. Ten Great Public Health Achievements — United States, 1900-1999. MMWR, April 2, 1999 / 48(12);241-243. CDC – MMWR
1998 Letter from the presidents of the National Academy of Sciences and the Institute of Medicine to Albert W. Burgstahler, Ph.D. et al. (confirming that fluoride is not an essential nutrient). IOM
1998 Final Background document for Vinyl Fluoride. 8th Report on Carcinogens. NTP
1997 Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium, Phosphorus, Magnesium, Vitamin D, and Fluoride. Standing Committee on the Scientific Evaluation of Dietary Reference Intakes, Food and Nutrition Board. National Academy Press. IOM
1996 April 12. Surveillance for Waterborne-Disease Outbreaks — United States, 1993-1994. By Kramer MH, Herwaldt BL, Calderon RL, et al. MMWR Surveillance Summaries, April 12, 1996 / 45(SS-1);1-33. CDC – MMWR
1995 Federal Register 60FR52474, October 6, 1995. Anticaries Drug Products for Over-the-Counter Human Use; Final Monograph. Final Rule. FDA
1995 September 29. Engineering and Administrative Recommendations for Water Fluoridation, 1995. MMWR, Recommendations and Reports. September 29, 1995 / 44(RR-13);1-40. CDC – MMWR
1994 March 25. Current Trends Core Public Health Functions and State Efforts to Improve Oral Health — United States, 1993. MMWR, March 25, 1994 / 43(11);201,207-9. CDC – MMWR
1993 November 19. Surveillance for Waterborne Disease Outbreaks — United States, 1991-1992. MMWR Surveillance Summaries, November 19, 1993 / 42(SS-05);1-22. CDC – MMWR
1993 Fluoridation Census 1992 CDC
1993 Toxicological Profile for Fluorides, Hydrogen Fluoride, and Fluorine ATSDR
1993 Hydrogen Fluoride Study. Report to Congress. Section 112(n)(6)Clean Air Act as Amended. Final Report.   http://www.epa.gov/osweroe1/docs/chem/hydro.pdf – This report details the hazards associated with the production and uses of hydrofluoric acid and to makes recommendations about reducing these hazards based on the finding. EPA
1993 Health effects of ingested fluoride. National Academy Press, Washington DC. Online report available to read and search. NRC
1992 An Epidemiologic Report on Drinking Water and Fluoridation. By Perry D. Cohn PhD, MPH. Environmental Health Service. NYDOH
1992 December 11. Knowledge of the Purpose of Community Water Fluoridation — United States, 1990. MMWR, December 11, 1992 / 41(49);919,925-927. CDC – MMWR
1992 May 29. Public Health Focus: Fluoridation of Community Water Systems. MMWR, May 29, 1992 / 41(21);372-375, 381. CDC – MMWR
1991 Review of fluoride: benefits and risks (also see abbreviated version). Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on Fluoride of the Committee to Coordinate Environmental Health and Related Programs. Public Health Service. HHS
1991 Time trends for bone and joint cancers and osteosarcomas in the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) Program. National Cancer Institute. In: Appendix E and Appendix F of the above report. By Hoover RN, Devesa SS, Cantor KP, Lubin JH, Fraumeni JF. HHS
1990 Marcus W. Memorandum from William L. Marcus, Ph.D., Senior Science Advisor, Criteria & Standards Division Office of Drinking Water, to Alan B. Hais, Acting Director. Subject: Fluoride Conference to Review the NP Draft Fluoride Report. US EPA. May 1. EPA-Water
1990 Toxicology and Carcinogenesis Studies of Sodium Fluoride in F344/N Rats and B6C3f1 Mice. Technical report Series No. 393. NIH Publ. No 91-2848. Also, Abstract, About/Findings NTP
1990 September 21. Health Objectives for the Nation Progress Toward Achieving the 1990 Objectives for the Nation for Fluoridation and Dental Health. MMWR, September 21, 1990 / 39(37);646-650. CDC – MMWR
1990 April 26. Peer Review of Draft Technical Report of Long-Term Toxicology and Carcinogenesis Studies and Toxicity Study, Sodium Fluoride; Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, Thursday, April 26, 1990. NTP
1989 “Trace Elements.” Recommended Dietary Allowances: 10th Edition. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 1989. NRC
1989 Cancer Statistics Review, 1973-1987. Bethesda, MD: National Institutes of Health. Publication No.90-2789. NCI
1989 May 19. Perspectives in Disease Prevention and Health Promotion Dental Caries in Schoolchildren — Utah.  MMWR, May 19, 1989 / 38(19);347-350. CDC – MMWR
1988 September 23. Perspectives in Disease Prevention and Health Promotion — Progress Toward Achieving the National 1990 Objectives for Fluoridation and Dental Health. MMWR, September 23, 1988 / 37(37);578-583. CDC – MMWR
1987 September 18. Epidemiologic Notes and Reports Fatalities Resulting From Sulfuryl Fluoride Exposure After Home Fumigation — Virginia. MMWR, September 18, 1987 / 36(36);602-4,609-11. CDC – MMWR
1987 August 14. Polymer-Fume Fever Associated with Cigarette Smoking and the Use of Tetrafluoroethylene — Mississippi. MMWR, August 14, 1987 / 36(31);515-516,521-522. CDC – MMWR
1985 Fluoridation Census 1985 CDC
1985 CDC – MMWR
1982 Ad Hoc Committee Report on Dental Fluorosis. PHS
1981 The prevalence of dental caries in United States children, 1979-80: National Dental Caries Prevalence Survey. Bethesda, Maryland: US Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, 1981; NIH publication no. 82-2245. NIDR
1979 June. Memorandum of Understanding Between the Environmental Protection Agency and the Food and Drug Administration. MOU 225-79-2001. EPA signed June 12; FDA signed June 22. EPA, FDA
1977 Drinking Water and Health. National Academy Press, Washington, DC. pp. 388-389. NRC
1977 Effects of fluoride on human health: nervous system. In: Fluorides. Committee on Biological Effects of Atmospheric Pollutants. National Academy of Sciences. Washington, D.C. NRC
1976 Geology and Resources of Fluorine in the United States. Geological Professional Survey Paper 933. USGS
1975 Fluoridation Census 1975 (412 pages)
Public Health Serivce, Center for Disease Control, U.S. Department of Health Education, and Welfare
DHEW
1974

ACUTE FLUORIDE POISONING – North Carolina. MMWR Volume 23, No.. 22, page 199.

See original on page 199 at http://fluoridealert.org/wp-content/uploads/cdc-mmwr.june-1-1974.page-199.pdf

CDC – MMWR
1967 Fluoridation Census 1967
By the Division of Dental Health, Bureau of Health Manpower, U.S. Department of Health Education, and Welfare
DHEW
1966 Fluoridation Census 1966
Public Health Service, Division of Dental Health, U.S. Department of Health Education, and Welfare
PHS
DHEW
1951 Report of the ad hoc Committee on Fluoridation of Water Supplies. Division of Medical Sciences. National Academy of Sciences. November 29. NRC

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