Fluoride Action Network

Pesticides

The most comprehensive database for fluorinated pesticides, including the inorganic compounds Cryolite and Sulfuryl Fluoride, as well as hundreds of organo-fluorine compounds that may well prove to be as toxic, or more toxic, than the chlorinated pesticides they are replacing.

Pesticides: C

The List of Fluorinated and Fluoride Pesticides
Beginning with
C

Note: The information on the pesticides was current as of 2007 –  FAN intends to update this throughout 2012-2013.

PESTICIDE

ADVERSE EFFECTS

REGISTERED FOR USE

Carbon tetrafluoride

  • CAS No. 75-73-0
  • Propellant
    (Halogenated organic)
  • Former US EPA List 3 Inert
See effects

  • CNS
  • Heart
  • Lung
  • Tremors

Environmental:

  • Potent Greenhouse Gas – global warming potential of approximately 6,500 times that of CO2 and a lifetime that exceeds 10,000 years.EPA Registered: No
Former US EPA List 3 Inert
Carfentrazone

  • CAS No. 128621-72-7
  • Herbicide
    (Triazolone)
September 2003: all available tox studies focus on Carfentrazone-ethyl. EPA Registered: No

  • Registered use in: Germany
Carfentrazone-ethyl

  • CAS No. 128639-02-1
  • Herbicide
    (Unclassified)
See effects

  • Blood
  • Body Weight Decrease
  • Bonev
  • Endocrine: Thymus
  • Kidney
  • Liver
  • Spleen

Environmental:

  • Highly Toxic to Aquatic Plants
  • Phototoxic
  • Major metabolites are mobile to very highly mobile in soil and have potential to leach
EPA Registered: Yes

  • Registered use in:Australia, China, Czech Republic, Hungary, Pakistan, Philippines, Poland, South Africa, Switzerland, UK, US
  • US – On Sept 29, 2004, US EPA approved over 300 food tolerances – see list
Chlorfenapyr

  • CAS No. 122453-73-0
  • Acaricide,
    Insecticide
    (Pyrazole)
See effects

  • Anemia
  • Body Weight Decrease
  • Bone
  • Brain
  • Cancer: Suggestive – LIVER, TESTES, UTERINE
  • Cholesterol
  • CNS
  • Dermal
  • Endocrine: Testicular
  • Endocrine: Uterine
  • Liver
  • Spinal Cord

Note from FAN:
Both bromine and fluorine are in the chemical formula for this substance; a combination that provides potential for severe effects on the brain. (EC)

Environmental:

  • “one of the most reproductively toxic pesticides to avian species [the EPA] has evaluated.”
  • “A persistent compound” in soil and sediment.
  • Very toxic to fish, aquatic invertebrates, and honeybees, and toxic to algae.
EPA Registered: Yes

  • Registered use in: Australia, Japan, Mexico, Philippines, South Africa, Taiwan, Tanzania, US, Vietnam
  • US FINAL RULE, Sept 26, 2003: 1 ppm in or on raw agricultural commodities – vegetables, fruiting, group 8, which include: chili, postharvest; pepper, nonbell; tomato, paste; eggplant; pepper, nonbell; sweet tomato, puree; groundcherry; tomatillo; tomato, wet, pomace; pepino; tomato; vegetable, fruiting; pepper; tomato, concentrated products; vegetable, fruiting; grouppepper, bell; tomato, dried pomace

 

  • See US food tolerances US FINAL RULE, Jan 26, 2005: A tolerance of 0.01 ppm was established January 2005 for residues of chlorfenapyr in or on all food commodities as a result of application of chlorfenapyr to crack, crevice and spot applications in food/feed handling areas where food/feed products are prepared, held, processed, or served.
Chlorfluazuron

  • CAS No. 71422-67-8
  • Insecticide, Insect Growth Regulator (Benzoylurea)
See effects

  • Liver

Environmental:

  • Reduction in growth rate of earth worms

Contamination: June 1997: “In Australia, four hundred and eighty cattle producers from northern New South Wales and western Queensland have launched a class action to seek millions of dollars compensation in the Federal Court from chemical company ICI and the NSW and Queensland governments. The case involves contamination of cattle and meat by the chemical chlorafluazuron (CFZ) which was widely used in aerial spraying to control insects in cotton crops between 1989 and 1994…”

EPA Registered: No

  • Registered use in: Australia, Hungary, Japan, Phillipines, Taiwan, Vietnam
  • European Commission: Not allowed to be used as an active ingredient after July 25, 2003.
Chlorflurazole

  • (also known as Chloroflurazole)
  • CAS No. 3615-21-2
  • Herbicide
    (Benzimidazole)
As of February 2005: very little tox info available.See effects

  • Liver
EPA Registered: No
p-Chloro-a,a,a trifluorotoluene (CTFT)

  • CAS No. 98-56-6
  • Intermediate used in the manufacture of dinitroaniline herbicides.
See effects

  • Endocrine: Adrenal
  • Kidney
  • Liver
1-chloro-1,1-difluoroethane

  • CAS No. 75-68-3
  • Solvent, EPA List 2 Inert (Halogenated organic)
See effects

  • Bone
  • Cancer – potential
  • Endocrine: Thyroid
  • Lung
  • Tremors

Environmental:

  • “Dangerous for the ozone layer”
EPA Registered: YesEPA List 2 Inert

  • Registered in: US
  • Because this is an “Inert”, the public is not allowed to know which crops it is used on.
Chlorodifluoromethane
(Freon 22)

  • CAS No. 75-45-6
  • Insecticide,
    Fungicide,
    Propellant
    (Halogenated organic)
  • EPA List 2 Inert
See effects

  • Body Weight Decrease
  • Brain
  • Cancer: limited evidence, fibrosarcomas
  • Cholesterol
  • CNS
  • Endocrine: Adrenal
  • Endocrine: Pituitary
  • Eye – Microphthalmia and Anophthalmia
  • Heart
  • Kidney
  • Liver
  • Lung
  • Mutagenic (Eye)
  • Salivary Glands
  • Spinal Cord
  • Tremors

Environmental:

  • Dangerous for the ozone layer
  • EPA Registered: Yes
  • EPA List 2 Inert
  • Registered in: US Because this is an “Inert”, the public is not allowed to know which crops it is used on.
Chlorofluoromethane

  • CAS No. 593-70-4
  • EPA List 3 Inert
See effects

  • Cancer: Limited evidence for carcinogenicity – STOMACH
  • EPA Registered: Yes
  • List 3 Inert
  • Registered in: US Because this is an “Inert”, the public is not allowed to know which crops it is used on.
Clodinafop

  • CAS No. 114420-56-3
  • Herbicide, Plant Growth Regulator
    (Aryloxyphenoxy propionic acid)
September 2003: all available tox studies focus on Clodinafop-propargyl.
  • EPA Registered: Yes
  • Registered use in: Germany, Portugal, US
Clodinafop-propargyl

  • CAS No. 105512-06-9
  • Herbicide, Plant Growth Regulator (Aryloxyphenoxy propionic acid)
See effects

  • Anemia
  • Bladder (ureter)
  • Blood
  • Body Weight Decrease
  • Bone
  • Cancer: Likely to be carcinogenic to humans – PROSTATE, OVARIAN, LIVER, BLOOD
  • Clastogenicity
  • Dermal
  • Endocrine: Ovary
  • Endocrine: Prostate
  • Endocrine: Thymus
  • Kidney
  • Liver
  • Tremors

Environmental:

  • Highly Toxic to Freshwater Fish
  • The major degradate, CGA-193469, is persistent and has the potential to contaminate drinking water.
EPA Registered: Yes

  • Registered use in: Australia, Canada, Denmark, Hungary, India, Netherlands, New Zealand, South Africa, UK, US
Cloransulam

  • CAS No. 159518-97-5
  • Herbicide (Triazolopyrimidine)
September 2003: all available tox studies focus on Cloransulam-methyl. EPA Registered: Yes

Cloransulam-methyl

  • CAS No. 147150-35-4
  • Herbicide (Triazolopyrimidine)
See effects

  • Blood
  • Body Weight Decrease
  • Cholesterol
  • Endocrine: Testicular
  • Endocrine: Thyroid
  • Kidney
  • Liver

Environmental:

  • Potential for ground water contamination
  • … while cloransulam-methyl and its transformation products are likely to be only of slight persistence in the surface, the chemicals may become more persistent when leached into the subsurface.
EPA Registered: Yes

  • Registered use in:

Canada, US

Copper silicofluoride

  • also known as Cupric hexafluorosilicate
  • CAS No. 12062-24-7
  • Insecticide
As of February 2005: no Tox data available EPA Registered: No
Cryolite

  • CAS No. 15096-52-3
  • Insecticide (Fluorine/Inorganic)
See effects• Anemia
• Body Weight Decrease – Anorexia, Wasting
• Bone
• Stomach
EPA Registered: Yes

  • Registered use in: US: Apricot, Blackberry, Blueberry (huckleberry) Boysenberry, Broccoli, Brussels Sprout, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Citrus fruit, Collards, Cranberry, Dewberry, Eggplant, Fruit (citrus), Grape, Kale, Kiwifruit, Kohlrabi, Lettuce, Loganberry, Melon, Nectarine, Peach, Pepper, Plum (prune, fresh), Pumpkin, Raspberry, Squash (summer & winter), Strawberry, Tomato, Youngberry
Cupro-Ammonium Fluoroborate complex

  • Wood Preservative
As of September 2003. no Tox data available EPA Registered: No

  • Registered use in: Australia
Cyflufenamid

  • CAS No. 180409-60-3
  • Fungicide (Unclassified)
As of February 2005: no Tox data available.

  • New pesticide in 2001.
EPA Registered: No
Cyflumetofen

  • CAS No. 400882-07-7
  • Acaricide (bridged diphenyl)
New pesticide as of October 2004.No Tox data available. EPA Registered: No
Cyfluthrin(see also,
Beta-cyfluthrin)

  • CAS No. 68359-37-5
  • Note: Cyfluthrin & Beta-cyfluthrin have the same CAS Nos.
  • Insecticide (Pyrethroid)
See effects

  • Ataxia
  • Blood
  • Body Weight Decrease
  • Bone
  • Brain
  • Endocrine: Adrenal
  • Endocrine: Ovary
  • Endocrine: Thymus
  • Eye – Microphthalmia
  • Genotoxic
  • Kidney
  • Lung
  • Salivary Glands
  • Sciatic nerve
  • Tremors

Environmental:

  • Acute Toxicity to Fish and Saltwater Life
EPA Registered: Yes

  • Registered use in: Australia, Canada, Denmark, Finland, Germany, India, Japan, Netherlands, New Zealand, Philippines, Portugal, Taiwan, UK, US
  • Africa: Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Chad, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Madagascar, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Senegal, Tanzania
  • US – permitted in or on over 200 food commodities
  • There are also two tolerances of 0.05 ppm for residues of the insecticide cyfluthrin from general surface, spot, and/or crack and crevice applications in food commodities and in feed commodities
Cyhalofop

  • CAS No. 122008-78-0
  • Herbicide (Aryloxyphenoxy propionic acid)
September 2003: all available tox studies focus on Cyhalofop-butyl. EPA Registered: Yes

Cyhalofop-butyl

  • CAS No. 122008-85-9
  • Herbicide (Aryloxyphenoxy propionic acid)
See effects• Body Weight Decrease
• Carcinogenicity: Kidney
• Endocrine: Testicular
• Endocrine: Thymus
• Eye
• Kidney
• Liver
EPA Registered: Yes

  • Registered use in:Japan, Phillipines, Taiwan, US, Vietnam
  • Pending as of July 2005: Australia
Cyhalothrin

  • CAS No. 68085-85-8
  • Acaricide, Insecticide (Type 2 Pyrethroid)
See effects

  • Ataxia
  • Body Weight Decrease
  • CNS
  • Endocrine: Suspected Disruptor
  • Endocrine: Testicular
  • Eye
  • Liver
  • Tremors/Convulsions

Environmental:

  • Highly Toxic to Fish, Aquatic Invertebrates, and Honeybees
EPA Registered: Pending

  • Registered use in: India, Japan, Taiwan
  • Africa: Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Chad, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Senegal
  • European Commission: Not allowed to be used as an active ingredient after July 25, 2003.
Cyhalothrin, gamma

  • CAS No. 76703-62-3
  • Insecticide (Pyrethroid)
See efffects

  • Body Weight Decrease
  • Dermal
  • Endocrine: Suspected Disruptor
  • Neuromuscular
  • Reproductive
EPA Registered: Yes

  • US – Lambda-cyhalothrin and its isomer Gamma-cyhalothrin have more than 380 food tolerances.
Cyhalothrin, lambda

  • CAS No. 91465-08-6
  • Insecticide (Pyrethroid)
See effects

  • Ataxia
  • Body Weight Decrease
  • Bone
  • Brain
  • Cholesterol
  • CNS
  • Endocrine: Breast
  • Endocrine: Suspected Disruptor
  • Endocrine: Testes
  • Endocrine: Thyroid
  • Eye
  • Genotoxic / Clastogenic / Cytotoxic
  • Liver
  • Reproductive
  • Salivary Glands
  • Tremors/Convulsions

Environmental:

  • Highly Toxic to Fish, Aquatic Invertebrates, and Honeybees
  • Persistent in aquatic sediment
  • Groundwater pollutant
EPA Registered: Yes

  • Registered use in: Australia, Canada, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, New Zealand, Philippines, Portugal, UK, US
  • Africa:Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Chad, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Madagascar, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Senegal, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda
  • US: Lambda-cyhalothrin and its isomer Gamma-cyhalothrin have more than 380 food tolerances (see Gamma-cyhalothrin above).
  • There is a separate food additive tolerance of 0.01 ppm for residues of Lambda-cyhalothrin in or on all food items (other than those already covered by a higher tolerance as a result of use on growing crops) in food-handling establishments where food products are held, processed, or prepared.

Compiled by the Fluoride Action Network Pesticide Project

For data on pesticides beginning with the following letters click on:

A – B

C

D – E

F – Fluc

Flud – Flum

Fluo – Fluox

Flup – Fur

G – L

M – N

O – P

Q – S

T – Z

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