Recently published bone fluoride values from Iowa are very high compared to earlier reports, suggesting an increase in fluoride intake. Reanalysis of the Iowa specimens shows levels one-fourth those reported by the Iowa laboratory indicating an error in the original report. Seventeen bone specimens, collected from long-term residents of Rochester, New York, drinking 1 ppm F- water, had a mean value of 2085 +/- 270 ppm F- on an ashed-weight basis. This value is not significantly different from that predicted by the data of Zipkin et al. in 1958. These data, therefore, do not support the contention that there has been an increase in fluoride intake.
Fluoride content in human iliac bone: results in controls, patients with fluorosis, and osteoporotic patients treated with fluoride
The major part of fluoride ingested is fixed on calcified tissues, mainly in bone tissue, and then is progressively but slowly recycled during bone remodeling. Thus, the measurement of bone fluoride content allows the determination of the extent of bone fluoride retention, and this parameter constitutes a useful complement to
An Evaluation of Neurotoxicity Following Fluoride Exposure from Gestational Through Adult Ages in Long-Evans Hooded Rats.
At elevated levels, fluoride (F-) exposure has been associated with adverse human health effects. In rodents, F- exposure has been reported to induce deficits in motor performance and learning and memory. In this study, we examined Long-Evans hooded male rats maintained on a standard diet (20.5 ppm F-) or a low
Bone fluoride concentrations after 16 years of drinking water fluoridation
The fluoride content of 147 pieces of vertebral cancellous bone, collected at autopsy from long-term residents in Basle, Switzerland, was determined. A statistical analysis of the results sustained the hypothesis of age-dependent fluoride accumulation in bone. No differences were found between sexes. 4 cases with severe chronic pyelonephritis had definitely
Skeletal fluorosis in a resettled refugee from Kakuma refugee camp.
“I suspected some contamination of the water of the much-frequented street pump in Broad Street, near the end of Cambridge Street”, said John Snow, about the contaminated water pump of the cholera outbreak of 1854, in London, UK.1 In September, 2015, a Somalian man aged 46 years presented to a refugee
Renal osteodystrophy in patients on long-term hemodialysis with fluoridated water
Serum and bone fluoride concentrations of ten patients maintained on long-term hemodialysis with fluoridated water (1 ppm, i.e., 50uM) were correlated with duration of treatment and the occurrence of clinical, radiological, and histological manifestations of bone disease. Two patients had symptomatic renal osteodystrophy when accepted on the program, whereas six
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