Various authors have studied the effect of fluoride ion upon mammalian cells using many different biological end-points, of:which inhibition of the function of specific cellular enzymes, survival of cell reproductive capacity, production of abnormalities of cell division and alteration in the rate of cell proliferation are a representative sample. In this review the minimum fluoride ion concentration at which biological effects are detect- able are compared for each of these end-points. The usefulness of such in vitro studies for evaluation of potential whole-animal toxicity is discussed.
Selenium increases expression of HSP70 and antioxidant enzymes to lessen oxidative damage in Fincoal-type fluorosis
Fincoal type fluorosis has only been reported from China, but its pathogenesis is unclear. Many people believe that fluorosis is associated with oxidative stress. Oxidative stress can be reduced at higher selenium (Se) level. Heat shock protein (HSP70) is the most conserved and induced against different stressors. The aim of
Fluoride Exposure Induces Inhibition of Sodium-and Potassium-Activated Adenosine Triphosphatase (Na+, K+-ATPase) Enzyme Activity: Molecular Mechanisms and Implications for Public Health.
In this study, several lines of evidence are provided to show that Na+ , K+ -ATPase activity exerts vital roles in normal brain development and function and that loss of enzyme activity is implicated in neurodevelopmental, neuropsychiatric and neurodegenerative disorders, as well as increased risk of cancer, metabolic, pulmonary and
The effects and underlying mechanism of excessive iodide on excessive fluoride-induced thyroid cytotoxicity
In many regions, excessive fluoride and excessive iodide coexist in groundwater, which may lead to biphasic hazards to human thyroid. To explore fluoride-induced thyroid cytotoxicity and the mechanism underlying the effects of excessive iodide on fluoride-induced cytotoxicity, a thyroid cell line (Nthy-ori 3-1) was exposed to excessive fluoride and/or excessive
[Effects of sodium fluoride on the activity of Ca2+Mg(2+)-ATPase in synaptic membrane in rat brain].
Effects of sodium fluoride on Ca2+Mg(2+)-ATPase activity of synaptic membrane in rat brain were studied with in vitro or in vivo methods. Concentrations of sodium fluoride of 0.3, 1.6, 8.0, 20.0 and 40.0 mmol/L can significantly inhibit the activity of the enzyme with proportions of 6.6%, 18.0%, 41.0%, 55.5% and
Enzymatic activity of Glutathione S-Transferase and dental fluorosis among children receiving two different levels of naturally fluoridated water
This study was conducted to measure the activity of the enzyme glutathione S-transferase (GST) in saliva and to compare the activity of this enzyme in children with and without dental fluorosis in communities with different concentrations of naturally fluoridated water. A total of 141 schoolchildren participated in this cross-sectional study.
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