SUMMARY: Brain tissues for neurohistopathological study were obtained at
autopsy from albino rabbits that had been subcutaneously injected for 15
weeks with 0, 5, 10, 20, and 50 mg of sodium fluoride in 1 mL of aqueous solu-
tions/kg bw/day. Neuropathological changes occurred with loss of the mo-
lecular layer and glial cell layer in the brain tissues of rabbits exposed to the
three higher fluoride doses. The Purkinje neurones exhibited chromatolysis
and acquired a “ballooned” appearance. Nissl substance showed various de-
grees of decrease and even complete loss. Fragmented particles were re-
tained in the perinuclear zone. The perikaryon showed vacuolization, and
spheroid bodies were present in the neuroplasm. These cytoplasmic inclu-
sions appeared as various sized ovoid bodies or elongated eosinophilic
masses due to which the nucleus was shifted to the periphery. These neuro-
toxic changes in the brain suggested that there was a direct action of fluoride
upon the nerve tissue which was responsible for central nervous system
problems such as tremors, seizures, and paralysis indicating brain dysfunc-
tion seen at the two highest doses.
JNK and NADPH oxidase involved in fluoride-induced oxidative stress in BV-2 microglia cells.
Excessive fluoride may cause central nervous system (CNS) dysfunction, and oxidative stress is a recognized mode of action of fluoride toxicity. In CNS, activated microglial cells can release more reactive oxygen species (ROS), and NADPH oxidase (NOX) is the major enzyme for the production of extracellular superoxide in microglia. ROS
Low glucose utilization and neurodegenerative changes caused by sodium fluoride exposure in rat's Developmental Brain.
Fluorine, a toxic and reactive element, is widely prevalent throughout the environment and can induce toxicity when absorbed into the body. This study was to explore the possible mechanisms of developmental neurotoxicity in rats treated with different levels of sodium fluoride (NaF). The rats' intelligence, as well as changes in
Effect of fluoride on calcium ion concentration and expression of nuclear transcription factor kappa-B p65 in rat hippocampus
The study investigated the neurotoxicity of drinking water fluorosis in rat hippocampus. Just weaning male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were given 15, 30, 60 mg/L NaF solution and tap water for 9 months. The calcium ion concentration ([Ca(2+)]) in synaptosomes was measured by double wavelength fluorescence spectrophotometer and the expression level
Effects of high fluoride intake on child mental work capacity: Preliminary investigation into the mechanisms involved.
A study was carried out on 157 children, age 12–13, from a coal-burning fluorosis endemic area together with an experiment looking into the effect of high fluoride intake in animals. The results showed that early, prolonged high fluoride intake causes a decrease in a child’s mental work capacity and that prolonged high uptake of fluoride causes a child’s levels
Toxin-induced blood vessel inclusions caused by the chronic administration of Aluminum and Sodium fluoride and their implications for dementia
Until our knowledge of the etiology of Alzheimer's dementia, as well as related conditions involving mental impairments, is greatly extended, no line of investigation should be ignored. We believed that the possible contributions of aluminum exposure to neural impairments deserved further study. In coming to this opinion we were mindful
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Developmental Neurotoxicity There has been a tremendous amount of research done on the association of exposure to fluoride with developmental neurotoxicity. There are over 60 studies reporting reduced IQ in children and several on the impaired learning/memory in animals. And there are studies which link fluoride to Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. Teaching
Fluoride & IQ: 67 Studies
As of May 2020, a total of 75 studies have investigated the relationship between fluoride and human intelligence. Of these investigations, 67 studies have found that elevated fluoride exposure is associated with reduced IQ in humans, while over 60 animal studies have found that fluoride exposure impairs the learning and/or
NRC (2006): Fluoride's Neurotoxicity and Neurobehavioral Effects
The NRC's analysis on fluoride and the brain.
Fluoride's Effect on Fetal Brain
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Fluoride Affects Learning & Memory in Animals
An association between elevated fluoride exposure and reduced intelligence has now been observed in 65 IQ studies. Although a link between fluoride and intelligence might initially seem surprising or random, it is actually consistent with a large body of animal research. This animal research includes the following 45 studies (out
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