SUMMARY: Brain tissues for neurohistopathological study were obtained at
autopsy from albino rabbits that had been subcutaneously injected for 15
weeks with 0, 5, 10, 20, and 50 mg of sodium fluoride in 1 mL of aqueous solu-
tions/kg bw/day. Neuropathological changes occurred with loss of the mo-
lecular layer and glial cell layer in the brain tissues of rabbits exposed to the
three higher fluoride doses. The Purkinje neurones exhibited chromatolysis
and acquired a “ballooned” appearance. Nissl substance showed various de-
grees of decrease and even complete loss. Fragmented particles were re-
tained in the perinuclear zone. The perikaryon showed vacuolization, and
spheroid bodies were present in the neuroplasm. These cytoplasmic inclu-
sions appeared as various sized ovoid bodies or elongated eosinophilic
masses due to which the nucleus was shifted to the periphery. These neuro-
toxic changes in the brain suggested that there was a direct action of fluoride
upon the nerve tissue which was responsible for central nervous system
problems such as tremors, seizures, and paralysis indicating brain dysfunc-
tion seen at the two highest doses.
Attenuating effect of Vitamin E on the deficit of learning and memory of rats with chronic fluorosis: the mechanism may involve muscarinic acetylcholine receptors.
The protective role of vitamin E (Vit E) against neurotoxicity induced by fluorosis was investigated by using Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats fed with 50 ppm fluoride in drinking water for 10 months. Spatial learning and memory of rats were measured by the Morris water maze test; the expressions of M1 and
Effects of fluoride exposure on performance in water labyrinth and monoamine neurotransmitters of rats
Objective To study the effects of fluoride exposure on performance in water labyrinth and monoamine neurotransmitters of rats. Methods Forty SD rats were divided randomly into 4 groups:control group,high-fluoride exposed group,medium-fluoride exposed group and low fluoride exposed group.These 4 groups of rats were exposed to different concentrations (0,5,10,20 mg/kg) of sodium
Neurotoxicity induced by fluoride in rat cerebral cortex
Fluorosis, as a consequence of exposure to high amount of fluoride is a serious public health problem in many parts of world. Fluoride can cause severe damage to the dental and skeletal systems, and is known to be an endogenous neurotoxin. In the present study, Wister albino rats of weighing100-200 gwere
JNK and NADPH oxidase involved in fluoride-induced oxidative stress in BV-2 microglia cells.
Excessive fluoride may cause central nervous system (CNS) dysfunction, and oxidative stress is a recognized mode of action of fluoride toxicity. In CNS, activated microglial cells can release more reactive oxygen species (ROS), and NADPH oxidase (NOX) is the major enzyme for the production of extracellular superoxide in microglia. ROS
Pathological changes in the tissues of rats (albino) and monkeys (macaca radiata) in fluorine toxicosis
1. Stomach, duodenum, small intestine, kidney, liver, spleen, skin, heart, aorta, lungs, brain, pancreas, adrenals, thyroid and parathyroid of rats and monkeys suffering from chronic fluorosis have been histologically examined. 2. Fluorine has not been found to have any effect on the heart muscle, aorta, skin and parathyroids, whereas it has
Related Studies :
NRC (2006): Fluoride's Neurotoxicity and Neurobehavioral Effects
The NRC's analysis on fluoride and the brain.
Fluoride Affects Learning & Memory in Animals
An association between elevated fluoride exposure and reduced intelligence has now been observed in 65 IQ studies. Although a link between fluoride and intelligence might initially seem surprising or random, it is actually consistent with a large body of animal research. This animal research includes the following 45 studies (out
Fluoride's Effect on Fetal Brain
The human placenta does not prevent the passage of fluoride from a pregnant mother's bloodstream to the fetus. As a result, a fetus can be harmed by fluoride ingested pregnancy. Based on research from China, the fetal brain is one of the organs susceptible to fluoride poisoning. As highlighted by the excerpts
Fluoride & IQ: The 65 Studies
As of May 2020, a total of 73 studies have investigated the relationship between fluoride and human intelligence. Of these investigations, 65 studies have found that elevated fluoride exposure is associated with reduced IQ in humans, while over 60 animal studies have found that fluoride exposure impairs the learning and/or
Fluoride's Direct Effects on Brain: Animal Studies
The possibility that fluoride ingestion may impair intelligence and other indices of neurological function is supported by a vast body of animal research, including over 40 studies that have investigated fluoride's effects on brain quality in animals. As discussed by the National Research Council, the studies have consistently demonstrated that fluoride, at widely varying concentrations, is toxic to the brain.
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