- Fluoride induced renal function disorder.
- Fluoride induced kidney structure damage.
- Fluoride inhibited renal cells proliferation.
- Fluoride interfere the expression of mitochondrial respiratory chain complexes.
- Fluoride elevates mitochondrial fusion.
A fluoride exposure mouse model is established to evaluate the relationship between mitochondrial respiratory chain complexes and renal dysfunction. Morphological changes in kidney tissues were observed. Renal function and cell proliferation in the kidneys were evaluated. The expression of mitochondrial fusion protein including mitofusin-1 (Mfn1) and optic atrophy 1 (OPA1), and mitochondrial respiratory chain complex subunits, including NDUFV2, SDHA, CYC1 and COX ?, were detected via real-time polymerase chain reaction, immunohistochemistry staining and Western blot, respectively. Results showed that the structures of renal tubule, renal glomerulus and renal papilla were seriously damaged. Renal function was impaired, and cell proliferation was remarkably inhibited by excessive fluoride in kidney. The mRNA and protein expression levels of Mfn1, OPA1, NDUFV2, CYC1 and COX IV were significantly increased after excessive fluoride exposure. However, the mRNA and protein expression of SDHA significantly decreased. Overall, our findings revealed that excessive fluoride can damage kidney structure, inhibit renal cell proliferation, interfere with the expression of mitochondrial respiratory chain complexes and elevate mitochondrial fusion. Consequently, renal function disorder occurred.