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Results and conclusions of the National Toxicology Program’s rodent carcinogenicity studies with sodium fluoride.
Effect of fluoride on osteoclast formation at various levels of receptor activator of nuclear factor Kappa-B ligand (RANKL).
Periostitis deformans due to wine fluorosis.
Fluoric Arthropathies: Around joints, thick marginal osteophytes develop. In some instances, they grow to such an extent as to block joint movement (‘blocking arthrosis’). The joint block can also be induced by calcification of the periarticular ligament. The most common sites of articular involvement are the hips, the sacroiliac, elbow and knee joints. In older […]
Fluorotoxic metabolic bone disease: an osteo-renal syndrome caused by excess fluoride ingestion in the tropics.