Fluoride Action Network

References For Fluoride Neurotoxicity One-Pager

March 11th, 2020


1. National Research Council, Fluoride in Drinking Water, 2006, p. 222 https://www.nap.edu/catalog/11571/fluoride-in-drinking-water-a-scientific-review-ofepas-standards

2. Choi et al, Developmental Fluoride Neurotoxicity: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis, Environmental Health Perspectives, July 20, 2012 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3491930/

3. Bashash et al, Prenatal Fluoride Exposure and Cognitive Outcomes in Children at 4 and 6-12 Years of Age in Mexico, Environmental Health Perspectives, Sept. 19, 2017 https://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/ehp655/

4. Till et al, Community Water Fluoridation and Urinary Fluoride Concentrations in a National Sample of Pregnant Women in Canada, Environmental Health Perspectives, Oct. 10, 2018 https://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/doi/10.1289/EHP3546

5. Dana Dovey, “Children’s IQ Could be Lowered by Mothers Drinking Tap Water While Pregnant,” Newsweek, Sept. 19, 2017 https://www.newsweek.com/childrens-iq-could-be-lowered-drinking-tap-water-while-pregnant-667660

6. Malin et al, Fluoride Exposure and Thyroid Function Among Adults Living in Canada: Effect Modification by Iodine Status, Environment International, Dec. 2018 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=till+malin+fluoride+thyroid

7. Brian Bienkowski, “We Add It to Drinking Water for Our Teeth – But is Fluoride Hurting Us?” Environmental Health News, Oct. 10, 2018 https://www.ehn.org/we-add-it-to-drinking-water-for-our-teeth-but-is-fluoride-hurting-us-2611193177.html

8. Green et al, Association Between Maternal Fluoride Exposure During Pregnancy and IQ Scores in Offspring in Canada, Journal of the American Medical Association Pediatrics, Aug. 19, 2019 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6704756/

9. Ben Guarino, “Study Raises Questions About Fluoride and Children’s IQ,” Washington Post, Aug. 20, 2019 https://www.washingtonpost.com/science/2019/08/19/study-raises-questions-about-fluoride-childrens-iq/

10. Riddell et al, Association of Water Fluoride and Urinary Fluoride Concentrations with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Canadian Youth, Environment International, Dec. 2019 https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0160412019315971?via%3Dihub

11. Bashash et al, Prenatal Fluoride Exposure and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Symptoms in Children at 6-12 Years of Age in Mexico City, Environment International, Dec. 2018 https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0160412018311814?via%3Dihub

12. Malin et al, Exposure to Fluoridated Water and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Prevalence Among Children and Adolescents in the United States: An Ecological Association, Environmental Health, Feb. 27, 2015 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4389999/

13. Till et al, Fluoride Exposure From Infant Formula and Child IQ in a Canadian Birth Cohort, Environment International, Jan. 2020 (first issued online in 2019) https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0160412019326145?via%3Dihub

14. Draft State of the Science Monograph and the Draft Meta-Analysis Manuscript on Fluoride, May 16, 2023. https://ntp.niehs.nih.gov/ntp/about_ntp/bsc/2023/may16/bsc_wg_report_final_version_bsc_approved051623.pdf

Chris Neurath analysis of NTP report: https://fluoridealert.org/wp-content/uploads/ntp.neurath.submission-to-nas-on-revised-ntp-monograph.10-19-20.pdf