Fluoride Action Network

Protected: Moms2B Avoid Fluoride

The Moms2B campaign, launched in April 2018, advises pregnant women to avoid fluoride, particularly fluoridated water, because of the potential for harm to the brain of the fetus. Please join with us.



References for all studies cited:

Bashash M, Thomas D, Hu H, Martinez-Mier EA, Sanchez BN, Basu N, Peterson KE, Ettinger AS, Wright R, Zhang Z, Liu Y, Schnaas L, Mercado-García A, Téllez-Rojo MM, Hernández-Avila M. 2017. Prenatal Fluoride Exposure and Cognitive Outcomes in Children at 4 and 6–12 Years of Age in Mexico. Environmental Health Perspectives Sep 19;125(9):097017.

Grandjean P, Landrigan PJ. 2014. Neurobehavioral effects of developmental toxicity. The Lancet Neurology 13(3):330-38.

Mundy WR, Padilla S, Breier JM, Crofton KM, Gilber ME, Herr DW, Jensen KF, Radio NM, Raffaele KC, Schumacher K, Shafer TJ, Cowden J. 2015. Expanding the test set: Chemicals with potential to disrupt mammalian brain developmentNeurotoxicology and Teratology, Nov-Dec;52(Pt A):25-35.

Mundy WR, Padilla S, Shafer TJ, Gilbert M, Breier J, Cowden J, Crofton K,  Herr D, Jensen K, Raffaele K, Radio N, Schumacher K. Undated. Building a Database of Developmental Neurotoxicants: Evidence from Human and Animal Studies. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

NRC (National Research Council of the National Academies). 2006. Fluoride in drinking water: a scientific review of EPA’s standards. The National Academies Press, Washington D.C.

Rice D and Barone Jr. S. 2000. Critical periods of vulnerability for the developing nervous system: evidence from humans and animal models. Environmental Health Perspectives, June, 108:511-522; Supplement 3.

Thomas D, Sanchez B, Peterson K, Basu N, Martinez-Mier EA, Mercado-Garcia A, Hernandez-Avila M, Till C, Bashash M, Hu H, Tellez-Rojo MM. 2018. OPV – 2 Prenatal fluoride exposure and neurobehavior among children 1–3 years of age in Mexico. Occupational & Environmental Medicine, 75:A10; conference abstract.

Thomas DB, Basu N, Martinez-Mier EA, Sánchez BN, Zhang Z, Liu Y, Parajuli RP, Peterson K, Mercado-Garcia A, Bashash M, Hernández-Avila M, Hu H, Téllez-Rojo MM. 2016. Urinary and Plasma Fluoride Levels in Pregnant Women from Mexico City, Environmental Research Oct;150:489-95.

United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). 2005.  The Precautionary Principle. See definition on page 14, Box 2.

Valdez Jiménez L, López Guzmán OD, Cervantes Flores M, Costilla-Salazar R, Calderón Hernández J, Alcaraz Contreras Y, Rocha-Amador DO. 2017. In utero exposure to fluoride and cognitive development delay in infants. Neurotoxicology, March 1;59:65-70.

See also,
Message to Pregnant Women
What Water Should I Drink?
Q & A
Join the Campaign / Help Spread the Word
Letter-to-Editor Campaign
Supporting Research
The Precautionary Principle
IQ Loss: Economic Cost to Society
Response to Bashash et al. study
All References


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