Fluoride Action Network

A map of natural fluoride in drinking water in Pakistan.

Source: International Dental Journal 52(4):291-7. | August 15th, 2002 | Authors: Ayyaz AK, Whelton H, O'Mullane D.
Location: Pakistan


AIM: The assessment of fluoride levels in domestic water supplies in Pakistan.

METHOD: Water samples were collected from sources supplying the majority of the population: taps in places where piped water supply was available, tube-wells, boreholes and wells in rural areas, and stream water where appropriate.

RESULTS: Analysis of 987 water supplies showed that they are predominantly low in fluoride content, 84% containing less than 0.7 ppm of fluoride.

CONCLUSION: For the majority of the population in Pakistan there is a clear indication for use of alternate sources of fluoride to ensure optimal intake necessary for the control of dental caries.

*Original abstract online at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12212818