Fluoride Action Network

Assessment of the chemical and physical properties of adari spring in Bahrain.

Source: Environment International 16(3):297-300. | June 1st, 1990 | Authors: Ismail M. Madany and M. Salim Akhter.
Location: Bahrain


Water quality for Adari Spring in Bahrain has been investigated from November 1986 to November 1987. A total of 24 chemical and physical parameters including pH, electric conductivity, alkalinity, acidity, hardness, calcium, magnesium, sodium, potassium, sulphate, chloride, nitrate, phosphate, fluoride, iron, manganese, and total dissolved solids were analyzed. Parameters such as chloride, sodium, sulphate, total dissolved solids and hardness which range from 1721–2724 mg/L, 810–1240 mg/L, 500–514 mg/L, 4270–6300 mg/L, and 1030–1650 mg/L, respectively, indicate that the water is unacceptable for domestic purposes.This study indicates ground water quality in the Adari spring area and illustrates the need for monitoring and maintaining the quality of ground water in Bahrain.

*Original abstract online at https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/016041209090124O