Abstract in English; Article in Chinese

Perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are a group of manmade chemicals and are ubiquitously detected in aquatic environments. China is a major producer and consumer of PFASs. In this study, we investigated the occurrence and characteristics of PFASs in the surface sediments from three fluorine industrial parks in North China, the Xihe River in Liaoning Province (Fuxin Section), the Xiaoqing River in Shandong Province (Zibo Section), and the Yangtze River in Jiangsu Province (Changshu Section), using the UPLC/MS-MS method. The total concentration of PFASs (?PFASs) in surface sediments of the Xihe River ranged from 15.8 to 2770 ng ·g-1, and PFTeDA and HFPO-DA were the dominant pollutants. In the surface sediments of the Xiaoqing River, ?PFASs ranged from 12.2 to 7853 ng ·g-1, and PFOA and HFPO-DA were the dominant pollutants. In the surface sediments of the Yangtze river, ?PFASs ranged from 9.20 to 35.9 ng ·g-1, and PFTeDA and 6?2 FTS were the main pollutants. Sewage discharge from the industrial parks (point source pollution) was the main source of PFASs in three regions in this study. The PFAS content and composition in three regions varied significantly depending on the production capacity and industry type. There was no significant correlation between the content of PFASs and its components and the particle size and TOC of the sediments. The correlations between the components of PFASs indicated that the enrichment process of PFASs in sediments was impacted by various factors.

Keywords: UPLC-MS/MS; fluoride industrial park; perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances(PFASs); rivers; sediment.

*Original abstract online at https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33124287/

*Original abstract in Chinese at https://kns.cnki.net/kcms/detail/detail.aspx?doi=10.13227/j.hjkx.202001034