The ability of mono N-methyl-1,4-diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octane fluoride (Me-DABCOF, 1) to act as a bifunctional reagent that effectively and universally neutralizes both the persistent and extremely toxic blister agent HD and the nerve agent VX in nearly neutral aqueous solution, alumina powder or a hydrogel formulation, is described.

Graphical abstract: Effective neutralization of chemical warfare agents (HD, VX) by Me-DABCOF: a small molecule with dual action