Fluoride Action Network

Fluoride Concentration in Enamel Surfaces Among 12- to-14-year Old Children in Ho Chi Minh City

Source: Conference of the International Association of Dental Research (IADR) | June 25th, 2016 | By Tung Nguyen and Lan Ngo
Location: Vietnam

Abstract presented at the IADR/APR General Session, Seoul, Republic of Korea):

Objectives: Water fluoridation has been implemented in HoChiMinh city Vietnam since 1990 with 0.7 ppm F in the city public water system but the fluoride concentration has adjusted in 0.5 ppm since 2000. The objective of this study was to compare fluoride concentration in enamel surfaces of premolars among 12 to 14 year-old children living in fluoridated area (F+) and non-fluoridated area (F-) in HoChiMinh city, Vietnam in year 2014.

Methods: A total of thirty extracted premolars (by orthothodontic treatment plans) were collected from 12 to 14 year-old children living continuously since birth in F+ (15 premolars) and F- (15 ones) in Ho Chi Minh city. All the premolars were sent to Oral Biological Laboratory of Mahidol University to analyse F in enamel surfaces by using etched microsampling technique. Each sample was covered by the nail varnish to expose the window of enamel, 2×2 mm2 . Then, 3 ml 1M HClO4 was placed on the window to dissolve the enamel layer. Four ml 1M acetate buffer and deionized water were added, the procedures were repeated in three times. Solution was divided into two parts to determine the fluoride and phosphorus concentration. Repeat the procedure to dissolve 6 successive layers.

Results: There were statistically significant differences in fluoride concentration of premolar enamel surfaces among 12-14-year-old children living between fluoridated area and non- fluoridated area in HoChiMinh city at depths of 5 ?m, 10 ?m and 20 ?m (p<0.001). Fluoride concentrations (ppm F) in the surfaces were 2196±886, 1672±637, 1149±482 and 1397±624, 1027±465, 657±356 in F+ and F- at depths of 5?m, 10?m and 20?m, respectively.

Conclusions: The effect of water fluoridation with 0.5 ppm F on enamel surfaces among 12 to 14 year-old children living in fluoridated area of the city could be demonstrated by in vitro study.

Disclosure Statement:
The submitter must disclose the names of the organizations with which any author have a relationship, the nature of the relationship, and the clinical or research area involved. The following is submitted: NONE


Tung Nguyen (Presenter), University of Medicine and Pharmacy HoChi Minh city
Lan Ngo, University of Medicine and Pharmacy HoChi Minh city

* Abstract online at https://iadr2016.zerista.com/event/member/268121