Fluoride Action Network

Recycling of Spent Pot Lining First Cut from Aluminum Smelters by Utilizing the Two-Step Decomposition Characteristics of Dolomite

Source: Materials (Basel) 13(22):E5283. | Authors: Wang Y, Chen X, Zhang S, Yang P.
Posted on November 22nd, 2020
Location: China
Industry type: Aluminum Industry


Spent Pot Lining First Cut (shortened to SPL-1cut) is a solid waste discharged from a primary aluminum electrolytic production process. SPL-1cut is classified as hazardous waste in China because it contains large amounts of soluble sodium fluoride and a tiny amount of cyanide. Most of SPL-1cut is carbon-about 65%-and its calorific value is 22.587 MJ.kg-1. There is a high level of sodium fluoride in SPL-1cut-about 15%-and sodium fluoride is randomly distributed in the carbon granule. The recycling of SPL-1cut using dolomite as a reactant, based on the characteristics of the two-step decomposition of dolomite at a high temperature, is discussed. The recycling of SPL-1cut was performed under the following heating conditions: the heating temperature was 850 °C, the holding time was 120 min, and 40% of the dolomite was added to the SPL-1cut. It was found that the cyanides are completely oxidized and decomposed, and dolomite is decomposed into MgO and active CaCO3. At the same time, NaF reacts with active CaCO3 and converts into CaF2. The results provide references for using SPL-1cut as an alternative fuel in the dolomite calcination process of the Pidgeon Process.

Keywords: Pidgeon Process; Spent Pot Lining First Cut; dolomite; recycling.