Fluoride Action Network

Government Reports & FAN Submissions

FAN's compilation of government and other reports from the US, EU, WHO, UN, Australia, Canada, Ireland, NZ, and the UK. The majority of FAN's submissions to various government agencies over the years are also included.


The following map comes from a 2016 study titled: A review of fluoride in African groundwater and local remediation methods.


2022 – Fluoride contamination of groundwater resources in Ghana: Country-wide hazard modeling and estimated population at risk., by Araya D, Podgorski J, Kumi M, Mainoo PA, Berg M. Water Research, January 17.


2017 – Malago J,Makoba E, Muzuka ANN. Fluoride Levels in Surface and Groundwater in Africa: A Review. American Journal of Water Science and Engineering 3(1):1-17.

Excerpt: In Africa, high fluoride levels have been reported mostly in the Great East African Rift Valley which extends from Jordan valley down through Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya and Tanzania [31] (Fig. 1). Ghana, Malawi, Nigeria, Algeria and the Republic of South Africa have also been reported to have high fluoride levels [41] (Fig. 1).

Figure 1. Map of Africa showing countries with high fluoride in water.

Note: We will be adding more studies to this section



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