WATER FLUORIDATION STATUS:
- PERCENT OF PEOPLE SERVED BY PUBLIC WATER SYSTEMS THAT ARE FLUORIDATED:
2018: 59.3% – ranked #37 among the states (100% fluoridated is ranked #1)
2012: 63.7% (38,041,430 people)
2006: 27.1% (9,881,390 people)
CALIFORNIA FLUORIDE DATA FOR EACH WATER SYSTEM
2020: The most concise report on the levels of Fluoride in the State’s Drinking Water and the Fluoridation Status of each community:
150 Public Water Systems with fluoride levels over 0.71 ppm.
• 85 systems: over 1.0 ppm
• 65 systems: 0.71 ppm to 0.99 ppm
It is illegal for any Public Water System to deliver drinking water with fluoride concentrations higher than 2.0 ppm, which is still exceedingly high. Water departments deal with this issue by using filter systems to reduce the high levels of fluoride, in some cases blending with water supplies that have lower levels, or the abandonment of the water supply.
To find out the fluoride levels in your drinking water, contact your local water department. You can also go online to CDC’s My Water’s Fluoride.
• 2020: List of Fully and Partly Fluoridated Water Systems|
• 2008 • 2009 • 2010 • 2011 • 2012 • 2013 • 2014-2015 • 2016
• Prior to 1990, and which fluoridation chemical it uses, click here.
• The 2011 list of towns that became fluoridated since fluoridation was mandatory.
1969 Natural Fluoride Content of Community Water Supplies – Online here
“A survey to determine the number and location of community water supplies containing dentally significant concentrations of naturally occurring fluorides was made in early 1969 by the State Dental Directors at the request of the U.S. Public Health Service. This publication presents the results of this survey and serves to update a similar document published in 1959.1 The 1959 publication included all communities reporting at least one water source with a natural fluoride concentration of 0. 7 parts per million (ppm) 2 or higher. This publication differs in that it lists all communities whose water supplies were reported to have a natural fluoride concentration of 0. 7 ppm or more regardless of the concentration of the various sources of water. This survey attempted to identify public water systems in the United States which naturally contain the minimum fluoride concentration recommended by the Public Health Service as optimal for protection against dental caries.
“The optimum concentration of fluorides in community water supplies depends upon the annual average of maximum daily air temperatures in the individual community . According to Public Health Service Drinking Water Standards, 1962, the recommended concentrations are shown in Table 1…”
NEW Health policy brief
November 30, 2020: Income Disparities Widen the Gap in Oral Health of California Adults. By Nadereh Pourat and Maria Ditter, UCLA Center for Health Policy Research: Policy Brief, the Study’s Infographic, and Press Release.
water fluoridation accidents:
- JUNE 2002 – Dublin: Malfunction with fluoridation equipment produces fluoride levels as high as 200 ppm at local business. 23 people are poisoned. The primary symptoms are stomach pain and vomiting. (SOURCE: Contra Costa Times 2002)
- Marin County – October 26 – November 1, 1977.
Fluoride feeder valve malfunctioned. Five communities received fluoride above “accepted” level for several days without notice to the public. The Ind. Jrnl. reported the water district staff justified distribution of the overdosed water on the grounds it was a drought year. See article discussing this accident
- To see the latest news on fluoride developments in California, click here.
- To see an updated list of California professionals calling for an end to fluoridation, click here.
CALIFORNIA’S mandatory FLUORIDATION LAW:
- Fluoridation is mandated for communities of 10,000 or more service connections (estimated 25,000 population).
“Outside” funds must be found for purchase, installation, and operations of the fluoridation system.
The law does not address water supply wholesalers. The law sets a MCL of 2.0 mg/L. California’s law cannot be enforced unless “outside” funds are made available to the community for purchase, installation, and operation of the fluoridation system.
- Read California’s Health & Safety Code on the fluoridation of drinking water.
§ 116409 – § 116410 – § 116415
OF SPECIAL INTEREST:
• African-American adults in California have a higher prevalence of tooth extraction due to decay or gum disease,  and higher mortality rates from oral cancers than adults of other racial/ethnic groups. [33, 34]
• In California, 64 percent of the population receives fluoridated water from their community drinking water system, far short of the federal Healthy People 2020 target of 79.6 percent. 
Excerpts from: Status of Oral Health in California:Oral Disease Burden and Prevention 2017 by the California Department of Health
FRACKING in the state includes the use of hydrofluoric acid. See the many news reports on this, reading the California posts, at http://fluoridealert.org/news/?industry=fracking. “…In the Monterey Shale…oil companies are using larger amounts of hydrofluoric and hydrochloric acids to open tiny channels in the rock around each well. Those channels allow oil trapped within the rock to flow into the well… Read more, Acidizing could rival fracking in Monterey Shale
December 1997. Public Health Goal for Fluoride in Drinking Water. Prepared by Pesticide and Environmental Toxicology Section, Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment, California Environmental Protection Agency.
The California Dental Association (CDA) announced in 2010 that the American Dental Association gave it $200,000 to work against the placement of ‘fluoride and its salts’ on the California List of Chemicals Known to the State to Cause Cancer or Reproductive Toxicity. This list is commonly known as Prop 65.
2007 Fluoride in Southern California Tap Water Will Put 64,000 Kids at Risk – Environmental Working Group Report.
1974 – Stringfellow Quarry has been operated as an industrial waste disposal site near Glen Avon in Riverside county since 1956. Wastes that are acceptable to be dumped there include: Ammonium bifluoride, Hydrofluoric acid, and Sodium fluosilicate.
DATA ON ORAL HEALTH:
- 2006. “Mommy, it hurts to chew.” The California Smile Survey. An Oral Health Assessment of California’s Kindergarten and 3rd Grade Children. Dental Health Foundation. February. “During the 2004-2005 school year we surveyed over 21,000 California children in kindergarten or third grade, in nearly 200 randomly-selected schools spread across the State…” No mention of dental fluorosis.
- 2009. Research and public policy: dental caries and fluoridation. UCSF Dental Public Health Seminar: Part 1. By Howard Pollick. October 6.
* This is not a report published by the state. However, there is a discussion on dental fluorosis and rates are given for “High Schools” 1993-94. It’s difficult to read the small chart in the report for the percent of severity of dental fluorosis.
Percent of dental fluorosis given for 10th graders teeth 1993-94:
Fluoridated Urban: 9.0%
Other Urban: 16.1%
All Regions (lifetime residents): 11.5%
- 2009. Dental Health Fact Sheet 2009 [for Santa Clara]. By the Santa Clara Public Health Department. No mention of dental fluorosis.
- 2014. Sonoma County Smile Survey. An Oral Health Assessment of Sonoma County’s Kindergarten and Third Grade Children. Prepared by Jenny Mercado MPH, Epidemiologist, Sonoma County Department of Health Services. November. No mention of dental fluorosis.
FAN’S STATE COORDINATOR IN California:
If you live in CA and want to get the fluoride out of your water contact Patty Brooks, FAN’s California state coordinator.
California COMMUNITIES THAT HAVE REJECTED FLUORIDATION:
|Hoopa Valley (Humboldt County)||November 21, 2013|
|Cotati (Sonoma County)||7,300||November 12, 2013|
|Davis||66,000||October 1, 2013|
|Olivehurst||14,000||February 22, 2013|
(affected by decision of the Olivehurt Public Utility)
|6,000||February 22, 2013|
|Crescent City||14,000||November 6, 2012|
|Napa||78,000||August 17, 2010|
|Manila, Humboldt County||784||February 2008|
|Mammoth Lakes||7,500||November 8, 2005|
|Redding||88,000||November 5, 2002|
|Watsonville||50,000||November 5, 2002|
(as of 2011)
|November 7, 2001|
(as of 2011)
(as of 2011)
|November 23, 1999|
(as of 2011)
|April 27, 1999|
|Helix Water District||April 7, 1999|
|Lakeside Water District||April 7, 1999|
|Riverview Water District||March 24, 1999|
(as of 2011)
|March 9, 1999|
(as of 2011)
|March 4, 1999 … banned|
(as of 2011)
|May 1, 1997|
(as of 2010)
|February 6, 1993|
|Los Altos Hills||8,046
(as of 2011)
(as of 2011)
|December 14, 1990… 5th rejection|
(as of 2011)
|March 7, 1990… quit|
CALIFORNIA WATER SYSTEMS WITH HIGH FLUORIDE LEVELS:
|Water System||County||Population Size||Fluoride Level (ppm)|
|Information from CDC’s Fluoridation Census published in 1993.See also USGS report released in 2013 of high fluoride levels in the aquifers: Groundwater Quality in Coachella Valley, California|
FLUORIDE POLLUTION SOURCES IN CALIFORNIA:
In 2008, California ranked #45 out of 48 states for Hydrogen Fluoride releases (26,509 pounds). The following data comes from EPA’s Toxic Release Inventory (TRI). “Total releases” includes both water and air pollution. It’s important to note, however, that not all industries or sources that release fluoride into the environment are included in the TRI.
|2008 Total Releases
|Type of Industry||Name of Industry|
|CHEMICAL WASTE MANAGEMENT INC. 35251 OLD SKYLINE RD, KETTLEMAN CITY, California 93239 (KINGS)|
|2,395||Coal-fired power plant||ACE COGENERATION FACILITY. 12801 MARIPOSA ST, TRONA, California 93652 (SAN BERNARDINO)|
|1,661||Transportation Equipment||DUCOMMUN AEROSTRUCTURES. 4001 EL MIRAGE RD, ADELANTO, California 92301 (SAN BERNARDINO)|
|1,444||Transportation Equipment||GKN AEROSPACE CHEM-TRONICS INC. 1150 W BRADLEY AVE, EL CAJON, California 92020 (SAN DIEGO)|
|1,247||Computers/Electronics||NEWPORT FAB LLC (DBA JAZZ SEMICONDUCTOR). 4321 JAMBOREE RD, NEWPORT BEACH, California 92660 (ORANGE)|
|631||Computers/Electronics||INTERNATIONAL RECTIFIER CORP. 41915 BUSINESS PARK DR, TEMECULA, California 92590 (RIVERSIDE)|
|500||Chemicals||GENERAL CHEMICAL WEST BAY POINT WORKS. 501 NICHOLS RD, PITTSBURG, California 94565 (CONTRA COSTA)|
|500||Chemical Wholesalers||HIGH TECHNOLOGY PACKAGING OAKLAND. 860-81ST AVE, OAKLAND, California 94621 (ALAMEDA)|
|500||Computers/Electronics||VOLTAGE MULTIPLIERS INC. 8711 W ROOSEVELT AVE, VISALIA, California 93291 (TULARE)|
|263||Computers/Electronics||SYSTRON DONNER. 2700 SYSTRON DR, CONCORD, California 94518 (CONTRA COSTA)|
|255||Computers/Electronics||LINEAR TECHNOLOGY CORP. 275 S HILLVIEW DR, MILPITAS, California 95035 (SANTA CLARA)|
|172||Fabricated Metals||BALL METAL BEVERAGE CONTAINER CORP. 500 CRENSHAW BLVD, TORRANCE, California 90503 (LOS ANGELES)|
|127||Computers/Electronics||INTEL CORP D2 FACILITY. 2200 MISSION COLLEGE BLVD, SANTA CLARA, California 95054 (SANTA CLARA)|
|85||Computers/Electronics||SPANSION LLC. 915 DEGUIGNE DR, SUNNYVALE, California 94085 (SANTA CLARA)|
|73||Chemicals||ULTRAMAR INC WILMINGTON REFINERY. 2402 E ANAHEIM ST, WILMINGTON, California 90744 (LOS ANGELES)|
|27||Petroleum||EXXONMOBIL OIL CORP – TORRANCE REFINERY. 3700 W 190TH ST, TORRANCE, California 90509 (LOS ANGELES)|
|27||Primary Metals||PRECISION SPECIALTY METALS INC. 3301 MEDFORD ST, LOS ANGELES, California 90063 (LOS ANGELES) 25|
|25||Fabricated Metals||REXAM BEVERAGE CAN CO CHATSWORTH FACILITY. 20730 PRAIRIE ST, CHATSWORTH, California 91311 (LOS ANGELES)|
|17||Computers/Electronics||MAXIM INTEGRATED PRODUCTS INC. 3725 N FIRST ST, SAN JOSE, California 95134 (SANTA CLARA)|
|11||Fabricated Metals||REXAM BEVERAGE CAN CO FAIRFIELD PLANT. 2433 CROCKER CIR, FAIRFIELD, California 94533 (SOLANO)|
|9||Chemicals||DOW CHEMICAL CO. 901 LOVERIDGE RD, PITTSBURG, California 94565 (CONTRA COSTA)|
|6||Fabricated Metals||METAL CONTAINER CORP – MIRA LOMA CAN PLANT. 10980 INLAND AVE, MIRA LOMA, California 91752 (RIVERSIDE)|
|5||Computers/Electronics||MICREL SEMICONDUCTOR. 1849 FORTUNE DR, SAN JOSE, California 95131 (SANTA CLARA)|
|5||Computers/Electronics||NEC ELECTRONICS AMERICA INC. 7501 FOOTHILLS BLVD, ROSEVILLE, California 95747 (PLACER)|
|2||Hazardous Waste/Solvent Recovery||CLEAN HARBORS SAN JOSE LLC. 1021 BERRYESSA RD, SAN JOSE, California 95133 (SANTA CLARA)|
|2||Transportation Equipment||ROHR INC DBAGOODRICH AEROSTRUCTURES GROUP. 850 LAGOON DR MAIL ZONE 1-C, CHULA VISTA, California 91910 (SAN DIEGO)|