Fluoride Action Network


Patients with osteoporosis were treated for two years with sodium fluoride. Fifteen received sodium fluoride in capsules, 56 in enteric coated slow release tablets (Ossin) and 20 in enteric coated tablets (Procal). Seven women treated with Procal were also treated with oestrogens. All patients had a calcium intake between 1000 and 2000 mg/day, used dihydrotachysterol for vitamin suppletion and were advised to exercise. Non-responders were arbitrarily defined as those who had an increase in serum alkaline phosphatase less than 10 U/l, those who had no increase in bone mineral content measured with CT in L4 and those who got a femoral neck fracture during the period of therapy. In the overall group of 91 patients 20% were non-responders based on a serum alkaline phosphatase increase less than 10 U/l. Based on the changes in bone mineral content 40% were non-responders during the first year of treatment, 45% during the second year and 23% over the first plus second year. The impression is that patients with a femoral neck fracture have a higher increase in serum parathyroid hormone concentration than patients without fractures. The urinary excretion of fluoride has a better predictive value than the change in serum alkaline phosphatase concentration for the prediction of an increase in bone mineral content.