Fluoride Action Network


Possible effects of long term exposure (6 months) to sodium fluoride (NaF) through drinking water on the morphology and biochemistry of myocardial tissue in second generation adult male rats were investigated. Wistar strain female and male rats were reared until the second generation of rats obtained, during which they were given 1, 10, 50 and 100 mg/L NaF in drinking water. Of the second generation, 28 male rats were divided into four groups and had the same treatment. All the second generation rats were sacrificed and autopsied at the end of the 6 months. In the samples of myocardial tissues, the levels of serum fluoride and the activities of principal antioxidant enzymes were determined, and a histopathological examination was conducted. Significant histopathological changes were found in the myocardial tissue of rats treated with 50 and 100 mg/L NaF. These were myocardial cell necrosis, extensive cytoplasmic vacuole formation, nucleus dissolution in myosits, swollen and clumped myocardial fibers, fibrillolysis, interstitial oedema, small hemorrhagic areas and hyperaemic vessels. Additionally, the increased activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), catalase (CAT) and thiobarbituric acid-reactive substance (TBARS) levels were observed in the myocardial tissues of rats treated with 10 and 50 mg/L NaF. On the other hand, the activities of SOD, GSH-Px, and CAT decreased, but the TBARS levels increased in the myocardial tissues of rats treated with 100 mg/L. The present results revealed that prolonged ingestion of fluoride through drinking water, particularly with high doses, induced significant histopathological and biochemical changes leading to myocardial tissue damage.