An investigation has been carried out on the effects of the intake of small amounts of sodium fluoride on kidney structure and function in rats, with a view to the possibility of establishing some means of testing for the toxic effects of fluorine in human beings, and of demonstrating the existence of a fluorine hazard before such severe intoxication has resulted as to cause disability and obvious skeletal lesions. The effects on kidney function are immediate.
Rats given small amounts of NaF in the diet exhibited, in addition to the well-known skeletal and dental lesions, marked polydipsia and polyuria,
… At autopsy the kidneys were dark, shrunken and nodulated.
Demonstration of alkaline phosphatase showed that there were fibrotic lesions in the cortex, where the enzyme was practically absent owing to absence of functional tubular tissue.
The histological examination indicated that in the kidneys there was a vascular, glomerular and more obviously tubular degeneration leading finally to interstitial fibrosis.
The fluoride-fed rats showed diminished growth, and at low body weights there was a marked diminution of fat stores.
Nitrogen metabolism was greater in the fluoride-fed rats than in the controls.
Effects of chronic fluoride intake on the antioxidant systems of the liver and kidney in rats
Excessive fluoride intake over a long period of time can lead to fluorosis, which may cause dental and skeletal manifestations. Metabolic, functional and structural damage caused by chronic fluorosis have been reported in many tissues, but the exact mechanisms modulated by fluoride remain unclear. The aim of this study was
Health effects of fluoride pollution caused by coal burning
Recently a huge amount of fluoride in coal has been released into indoor environments by the combustion of coal and fluoride pollution seems to be increasing in some rural areas in China. Combustion of coal and coal bricks is the primary source of gaseous and aerosol fluoride and these forms
Dose-effect relationship between drinking water fluoride levels and damage to liver and kidney functions in children
Although a dose-effect relationship between water fluoride levels and damage to liver and kidney functions in animals has been reported, it was not demonstrated in humans. To evaluate the effects of drinking water fluoride levels on the liver and kidney functions in children with and without dental fluorosis, we identified
Conceivable amelioration of NaF-induced toxicity in liver, kidney and brain of chicken by black tea extract: an in vitro study.
Sodium fluoride (NaF) toxicity on enzymatic and non-enzymatic oxidative stress markers of chicken liver, kidney and brain homogenate in in vitro condition where studied in present investigation. We studied alteration in the activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), lipid peroxidation (LPO) and glutathione (GSH) content to study oxidative stress.
Hesperidin protects liver and kidney against sodium fluoride-induced toxicity through anti-apoptotic and anti-autophagic mechanisms.
Highlights Hesperidin prevented NaF-induced hepatotoxicity and nephrotoxicity. Hesperidin attenuated NaF-induced oxidative stress and inflammation. Hesperidin reduced NaF-induced apoptosis and autophagy. Aim High dose of fluoride intake is associated with toxic effects on liver and kidney tissues. One approach to tackle these toxicities is using natural antioxidants as supplements. This study evaluated
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