An investigation has been carried out on the effects of the intake of small amounts of sodium fluoride on kidney structure and function in rats, with a view to the possibility of establishing some means of testing for the toxic effects of fluorine in human beings, and of demonstrating the existence of a fluorine hazard before such severe intoxication has resulted as to cause disability and obvious skeletal lesions. The effects on kidney function are immediate.
Rats given small amounts of NaF in the diet exhibited, in addition to the well-known skeletal and dental lesions, marked polydipsia and polyuria,
… At autopsy the kidneys were dark, shrunken and nodulated.
Demonstration of alkaline phosphatase showed that there were fibrotic lesions in the cortex, where the enzyme was practically absent owing to absence of functional tubular tissue.
The histological examination indicated that in the kidneys there was a vascular, glomerular and more obviously tubular degeneration leading finally to interstitial fibrosis.
The fluoride-fed rats showed diminished growth, and at low body weights there was a marked diminution of fat stores.
Nitrogen metabolism was greater in the fluoride-fed rats than in the controls.
Ameliorative effect of tamarind leaf on fluoride-induced metabolic alterations
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Health effects of fluoride pollution caused by coal burning
Recently a huge amount of fluoride in coal has been released into indoor environments by the combustion of coal and fluoride pollution seems to be increasing in some rural areas in China. Combustion of coal and coal bricks is the primary source of gaseous and aerosol fluoride and these forms
Effects of selenium and zinc on renal oxidative stress and apoptosis induced by fluoride in rats.
OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of selenium and zinc on oxidative stress, apoptosis, and cell cycle changes in rat renal cells induced by fluoride. METHODS: Wistar rats were given distilled water containing sodium fluoride (50 mg/L NaF) and were gavaged with different doses of selenium-zinc preparation for six months. Four groups
[Changes of syndecan-4 and nuclear factor kB in the kidney of rat with chronic fluorosis].
Objective Aim of the study is to investigate the expression of syndecan-4 and nuclear factor kB (NF-kB) in the kidney of rat with chronic fluorosis,and to reveal the mechanism of kidney damage resulted from the toxicity of excessive amount of fluoride. Methods According to body mass and sex,sixty SD rats were
The mitochondrial pathway is involved in sodium fluoride (NaF)-induced renal apoptosis in mice.
The objective of the present study was to explore the molecular mechanism of apoptosis induced by sodium fluoride (NaF) in the mouse kidney by using the methods of flow cytometry, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), western blotting, and experimental pathology. 240 four-week-old ICR mice were randomly divided into 4
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