The authors’ research focuses on polyuria, natriuresis, glucosuria, glycemia, and renal calcification in occupational lead poisoning and endemic fluorosis. Changes in electrolyte mobilization and in glucose metabolism and transport following the administration of lead compounds or fluoride were examined to elucidate these mechanisms. The results suggest fundamental approaches to the mechanism of aging and life style diseases. Our results show that:
1) Natriuresis and polyuria in lead poisoning and fluorosis are due to a decrease in renal Na/K-ATPase activity;
2) Renal calcification in fluorosis is due to stimulation of parathyroid function and activation of the renal phosphatidylinositol cascade;
3) Glycemia in fluorosis is due to elevation of renal and hepatic glucose-6-phosphatase activities;
4) Glusosuria in fluorosis is due to decreased renal Na/K-ATPase activity (but fluoride administered directly did not damage the renal Na/glucose cotransporter (SGLT);
5) Renal calcification in fluorosis is due to stimulation of parathyroid function; and
6) The decrease in renal Na/K-ATPase and SGLT activities with aging and hypertension is due to a decrease in phosphorylation activity by protein kinase C (PKC) etc. (decrease in PKC productivity with aging and hypertension).
Ameliorative effect of tamarind leaf on fluoride-induced metabolic alterations
OBJECTIVES: Fluoride is a serious health hazard across several nations, and chronic intake of fluoride deranges the carbohydrate, lipid and antioxidant metabolism in general. As there are limited remedial measures to prevent fluorosis, we investigated the role of tamarind leaf as a food supplement in restoration of carbohydrate, lipid and
Fluoride in Drinking Water: A Scientific Review of EPA’s Standards.
Excerpts: Summary Under the Safe Drinking Water Act, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is required to establish exposure standards for contaminants in public drinking-water systems that might cause any adverse effects on human health. These standards include the maximum contaminant level goal (MCLG), the maximum contaminant level (MCL), and the secondary
Changes in the metabolism of glucose and calcium following a single large dose of fluoride to rats
Serum glucose level was elevated immediately after ip administration of a single large dose of fluoride (NaF 35 mg/kg) to rats. The elevation of serum glucose was markedly suppressed by adrenalectomy, dibenamine or propranolol, but not by thyroid-parathyroidectomy. Elevation of serum glucose was found to be associated with enhancement of
Therapeutic benefits of glibenclamide in fluoride intoxicated diabetic rats.
To examine its antidiabetic potential in fluoride (F) intoxicated rats, the anti-diabetic drug glibenclamide was administered for 4 weeks to diabetic rats and to diabetic rats exposed to 100 mg NaF/L in the drinking water. In the F treated rats there was a significant reduction in plasma glucose, plasma and
Effect of fluoridated water on plasma insulin levels and glucose homeostasis in rats with renal deficiency.
Glucose intolerance in fluorosis areas and when fluoride is administered for the treatment of osteoporosis has been reported. Controlled fluoridation of drinking water is regarded as a safe and effective measure to control dental caries. However, the effect on glucose homeostasis was not studied so far. The aim of this
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Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas that is responsible for maintaining appropriate levels of glucose in the blood. Insulin allows the body’s cells to take up glucose from the blood, and either use it as an energy source or store it as glycogen. Blood glucose levels in diabetics
Fluoride Sensitivity Among Diabetics
This section on Diabetes includes: • Fluoride & Impaired Glucose Tolerance • Fluoride & Insulin • Fluoride Sensitivity Among Diabetics • Fluoridated Water Causes Severe Dental Fluorosis in Children with Diabetes Insipidus • NRC (2006): Fluoride’s Effect on Glucose Metabolism “The present study showed that aortae and mesenteric arteries from streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats exhibited greater contractions
Fluoride & Impaired Glucose Tolerance
The proper regulation of blood glucose levels is essential to good health. When the body's ability to regulate blood glucose levels falters, as occurs in diabetes mellitus, chronic elevated glucose levels (hyperglycemia) can lead to serious complications. These consequences include damage to the kidneys, nervous system, cardiovascular system, retina, legs
Fluoridated Water Causes Severe Dental Fluorosis in Children with Diabetes Insipidus
This section on Diabetes includes: • Fluoride & Impaired Glucose Tolerance • Fluoride & Insulin • Fluoride Sensitivity Among Diabetics • Fluoridated Water Causes Severe Dental Fluorosis in Children with Diabetes Insipidus • NRC (2006): Fluoride’s Effect on Glucose Metabolism Excessive exposure to fluoride causes a defect of the tooth enamel known as dental fluorosis. In
NRC (2006): Fluoride's Effect on Glucose Metabolism
This section on Diabetes includes: • Fluoride & Impaired Glucose Tolerance • Fluoride & Insulin • Fluoride Sensitivity Among Diabetics • Fluoridated Water Causes Severe Dental Fluorosis in Children with Diabetes Insipidus • NRC (2006): Fluoride’s Effect on Glucose Metabolism The following discussion is from pages 258-260 of the NRC’s report’s “Fluoride in Drinking Water: A Scientific
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