Fluoride Action Network


In our previous experiment using rats, fluoride was reported to cause renal calcification, whose mechanism was deduced to be due to an increase in parathyroid hormone (PTH) secretion. However fluoride-induced renal calcification that was independent of PTH has not been understood well in the nephron of fluoride-treated animals. Thus, we examined the effect of sodium fluoride on intracellular calcium mobilization in a normal rat kidney epithelial cell line (NRK-52E cells). The calcium accumulation was found to be remarkably increased by the addition of sodium fluoride (NaF). The elevation of [Ca2+]i was demonstrated to be due to calcium entry through nifedipine-sensitive calcium channels. In addition, fluoride activates phospholipase C, but inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate (IP3) didn’t induce Ca2+ release from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Moreover, fluoride alone was deduced to enhance the activity of ER-type Ca2+-ATPase. Finally, on the mechanism of fluoride-induced calcium accumulation in NRK-52E cells, fluoride may activate phospholipase C to generate IP3 and diacylglycerol, and these increases can be elucidated to induce calcium entry through dihydropiridine-sensitive calcium channels. Moreover, fluoride was found to stimulate calcium accumulation through ER-type Ca2+-ATPase into the endoplasmic reticulum. The elevation of ER-type Ca2+-ATPase activity by fluoride was elucidated to operate as a regulatory system to protect against abnormally higher increases in cytosolic calcium concentration via an increase of calcium influx into the endoplasmic reticulum.