Even though fluoride provides a significant contribution in dental caries prevention, it is known that its random employment may lead to enamel alterations such as dental fluorosis, besides the possibility of severe systemic alterations. The aim of this study was to evaluate the ingestion of mouthwashes administered to preschool children. It was concluded that parents and teachers of young children must be very careful during the accomplishment of educational programs comprising fluoridated mouthwashes, because of the high possibility of ingestion.
Fluorosis is linked to anaemia.
We report here a simple, easy-to-practice treatment procedure for anaemia, by focusing on withdrawal of fluoride consumption and promotion of nutrients through diet. The approach to improve nutrient intake as supplementation of iron and folic acid or iron tonic does not yield beneficial results. The reason being highly destructive F–
Risk of enamel fluorosis associated with fluoride supplementation, infant formula, and fluoride dentifrice use.
Eight hundred fifty 11- to 14-year-old residents of nonfluoridated communities in Massachusetts and Connecticut, who were born between 1972 and 1975, were investigated in a case-control study of the possible association between enamel fluorosis and exposure to fluoride supplements, infant formula, and/or fluoride dentifrice. The effect of median household income,
Predictors of Plasma Fluoride Concentrations in Children and Adolescents.
Despite increasing concerns about neurotoxicity of fluoride in children, sources of fluoride exposure apart from municipal water fluoridation are poorly understood. We aimed to describe the associations of demographics, drinking water characteristics, diet, and oral health behaviors with plasma fluoride concentrations in U.S. children. We used data from 3928 6–19-year-olds
Cytotoxic effects of silver diamine fluoride.
PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of silver diamine fluoride (SDF) and fluoride varnish (FV) on human gingival fibroblasts (HGF) and bacteria. METHODS: HGF cell viability was assessed after exposure to various dilutions of SDF or FV. Hydroxyapatite (HA) discs treated with SDF, FV, or saline were rinsed in artificial saliva for
Fluoride ingestion from toothpaste by young children
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the reported and observed brushing habits of young children and their ingestion of fluoride from toothpaste. DESIGN: In 1997, a random sample of 50 children, aged 30 months, from three districts in the North West region of England, were visited at home. METHODS: The reported and observed toothbrushing behaviour
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