Infants who ingest high amounts of fluoride can be at risk of dental fluorosis. The authors analyzed the fluoride concentration of 238 commercially available infant foods. Fluoride concentrations ranged from 0.01 to 8.38 micrograms of fluoride per gram, with the highest fluoride concentrations found in infant foods containing chicken. Infant foods, especially those containing chicken, should be considered when determining total fluoride intake.
Fluoride content of solid foods impacts daily intake.
OBJECTIVE: To determine the amount of fluoride received from solid foods for a cohort of children. METHODS: Parents were asked to complete questionnaires for the preceding week and dietary diaries for 3 days for their children. Data collected at 6, 9, 12, 16, 20, 24, 36, 48, and 60 months were
Human health risk assessment: Study of a population exposed to fluoride through groundwater of Agra city, India.
Highlights A total of 64% samples exceeded the standard limit of fluoride set by World Health Organization/Bureau of Indian Standards. The estimated exposure doses (EDs) were 0.69, 0.31 and 0.12 mg/kg/day for infants, children, and adults, respectively. The HQ was more than 1 for infants and children at all sites
Total fluoride intake and implications for dietary fluoride supplementation
This paper reviews the history and validity of recommended "optimal" levels of systemic fluoride intake and the available information on levels of fluoride intake in young children from foods and beverages (including water), dentifrices, dietary fluoride supplements, mouthrinses, and gels. Most of the studies emphasize the substantial variation in ingestion among individuals. Often, a substantial
Fluoride intake and prevalence of dental fluorosis: trends in fluoride intake with special attention to infants
BACKGROUND: Although the predominant beneficial effect of fluoride occurs locally in the mouth, the adverse effect, dental fluorosis, occurs by the systemic route. The caries attack rate in industrialized countries, including the United States and Canada, has decreased dramatically over the past 40 years. However, the prevalence of dental fluorosis
Associations between Intakes of fluoride from beverages during infancy and dental fluorosis of primary teeth
OBJECTIVE: We describe associations between primary tooth fluorosis status and intakes of beverages and fluoride from these beverages during infancy. METHODS: Subjects (n = 677) are members of the Iowa Fluoride Study, a cohort of young children followed from birth. Food and nutrient intakes were obtained from 3-day diet records.
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