Fluoride Action Network


The present study was conducted on 42 postmenopausal women subjects in Vailapally village, Nalgonda district, Andhra Pradesh, India, an endemic fluorotic area (water fluoride >4 ppm) and 34 postmenopausal women of nonfluorotic villages (water fluoride <0.4 ppm) of the Nalgonda area. The age group of the recruited subjects was 48–58 years and their years since menopause (YSM) was <10 years. Serum levels of fluoride (F), total alkaline phosphatase (ALP), tartarate resistant acid phosphatase-5b (TRAP-5b), catalase (CAT), glutathione-S-transferase (GST) and malondialdehyde (MDA) were estimated for bone mineral antioxidant and lipid peroxidation status. Significantly increased bone turnover markers ALP, TRAP-5b (p<0.01), and oxidative stress were observed with decreased levels of CAT and GST (p<0.01) activity in postmenopausal women residing in the fluorotic village. Significantly elevated levels of MDA (p<0.01) in these women compared to those in the nonfluorotic village indicated an increase in lipid peroxidation under fluoride stress.