To investigate the effect of different concentrations of fluoride on the expression of endoplasmic reticulum chaperone, and to explore the mechanism of dental fluorosis in rat.
Thirty Wistar rats were randomly divided into 3 groups. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expression of CRT, GRP78, XBP-1 and caspase-12 in rat incisors. Metamorph microscope images analysis system and SPSS 13.0 software package was used to analyze the data.
Typical features of dental fluorosis were found in the fluoride group. Results of immunohistochemistry showed that CRT (F=238.6, P<0.05), GRP78 (F=27.42, P<0.05), XBP-1 (F=139.7, P<0.05) and caspase-12 (F=43.91, P<0.05) were significantly different among the 3 groups.
Excessive fluoride can increase the secretion of CRT, GRP78, XBP-1 and caspase-12 suggest the ameloblasts and in status of endoplasmic reticulum stress and caspase-12 plays an important role during ameloblast apoptosis. Supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (81072245) and Natural Science Foundation of Liaoning Province (20102278).
Sirtuin1 and autophagy protect cells from fluoride-induced cell stress
Sirtuin1 (SIRT1) is a nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD(+))-dependent deacetylase functioning in the regulation of metabolism, cell survival and organismal lifespan. Active SIRT1 regulates autophagy during cell stress, including calorie restriction, endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and oxidative stress. Previously, we reported that fluoride induces ER-stress in ameloblasts responsible for enamel formation,
Fluoride induced endoplasmic reticulum stress and calcium overload in ameloblasts
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the involvement of endoplasmic reticulum stress and intracellular calcium overload on the development of dental fluorosis. METHODS: We cultured and exposed rat ameloblast HAT-7 cells to various concentrations of fluoride and measured apoptosis with flow cytometry and intracellular Ca2+ changes using confocal
The pathogenesis of endemic fluorosis: Research progress in the last 5 years.
Fluorine is one of the trace elements necessary for health. It has many physiological functions, and participates in normal metabolism. However, fluorine has paradoxical effects on the body. Many studies have shown that tissues and organs of humans and animals appear to suffer different degrees of damage after long-term direct
Role of endoplasmic reticulum stress in aberrant activation of fluoride-treated osteoblasts
The aberrant activation of osteoblasts in the early stage is one of the critical steps during the pathogenesis of skeletal fluorosis. The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stresses and unfolded protein response (UPR) are initiated to alleviate the accumulation of unfolded proteins against cell injury. The previous researches had demonstrated that fluoride
LS8 cell apoptosis induced by NaF through p-ERK and p-JNK - a mechanism study of dental fluorosis
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the possible biological mechanism of dental fluorosis at a molecular level. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cultured LS8 were incubated with serum-free medium containing selected concentrations of NaF (0???2?mM) for either 24 or 48?h. Subcellular microanatomy was characterized using TEM; meanwhile, selected biomolecules were analysed using various biochemistry techniques. Transient
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Community Fluorosis Index (CFI)
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