Fluoride Action Network


Excessive intake of essential elements agitates elemental homeostasis resulting in their heterogeneous distribution. Distraction of these elements in central nervous system (CNS) have been demonstrated in many neurological disorders, which are vital in generating free radicals, causing oxidative stress, and contributing to neuronal maladies. The developing CNS is highly vulnerable to environmental agents, including fluoride. Fluorosis is one such disorder ensued from excessive consumption of fluoride containing water and/or foods that poses a greater threat to the life. Present study offers perturbations caused by fluoride toxicity on the level of biometal and antioxidant homeostasis and their interactions. Pregnant Wistar rats were exposed to 100- and 200-ppm fluoride (F(-)) in drinking water and controls with tap water. The pups born to them were used for the study. On 21st postnatal day, the concentration of fluoride, biometals, and oxidative stress markers were determined in discrete regions of CNS. The levels of fluoride, copper, and iron increased whereas manganese and zinc were decreased considerably. Among antioxidant enzymes, catalase, superoxide dismutase, and glutathione peroxidase were decreased and lipid peroxidation was increased with regional alterations. The correlation coefficient values among oxidative stress markers and biometals were either positive or negative and showed less significance during correlation. The results confirm that the fluoride provoked oxidative stress and biometal deformations are synergistic that successively governs the neuronal damage and developing CNS no longer prevents exacerbations of fluoride.