The interrelated effects of dietary fluorine and feed intake on bone growth, body growth, Ca45 behavior, bone pathology and feed utilization are demonstrated in young pigs.
A fluorine level of 1000 ppm in the ration reduced the appetite and caused a decrease in bone growth, body growth, and feed required per unit of skeletal growth. There was an increase in feed required per unit weight gain.
When animals were restricted to the same dietary intake, levels of 200 and 1000 ppm fluorme caused a reduction in bone growth.
Limiting the dietary intake caused a decrease in bone growth, body growth and feed required per unit of bone growth; however, it caused an increase in feed required per unit of weight gain.
Autoradiograms showed that. in the fluorine treated animals there was a process occurring which tended to remove the Ca45 originally deposited in or directly below the epiphyseal
regions. It is suggested that the fluorine intake caused an increased rate of bone resorption in the primary and secondary spongiosa.
The proportion of the epiphysis occupied by hypertrophied cartilage cells was found to be a reliable measure of the rate of bone growth under the conditions of this experiment.
Deterioration of teeth and alveolar bone loss due to chronic environmental high-level fluoride and low calcium exposure
OBJECTIVES: Health risks due to chronic exposure to highly fluoridated groundwater could be underestimated because fluoride might not only influence the teeth in an aesthetic manner but also seems to led to dentoalveolar structure changes. Therefore, we studied the tooth and alveolar bone structures of Dorper sheep chronically exposed to
High fluoride and low calcium levels in drinking water is associated with low bone mass, reduced bone quality and fragility fractures in sheep
Chronic environmental fluoride exposure under calcium stress causes fragility fractures due to osteoporosis and bone quality deterioration, at least in sheep. Proof of skeletal fluorosis, presenting without increased bone density, calls for a review of fracture incidence in areas with fluoridated groundwater, including an analysis of patients with low bone
Fluoride and nutritional osteoporosis: Physicochemical data on bones from an experimental study in dogs
Osteoporosis was induced by feeding a low calcium-high phosphorus diet for 41 weeks to adult beagles. The effect of fluoride to modify this condition was examined by adding increasing levels to the purified diet; daily intake of fluoride was about 0, 25, 85, 300 and 1,000 /ug/kg body weight. Radiographic
Combined effects of diets with reduced calcium and phosphate and increased fluoride intake on vertebral bone strength and histology in rats
Ingested fluoride is incorporated into bone apatite and can affect the structural integrity of bone. Fluoride absorption in the gut and incorporation into bone is affected by the presence of other ions, including calcium. We hypothesized that a low calcium phosphate diet combined with high fluoride intake would have independent
Some results of the effect of fluoride on bone tissue in osteoporosis
Three cases are reported in which fluoride was administered to individuals with osteoporosis. Bone biopsies taken after 7 to 24 months of therapy show that the effect of fluoride on bone tissue appears to be stimulation of new bone formation. If calcium and vitamin D are not administered with the
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Fluoride Is Not an Essential Nutrient
In the 1950s, dentists believed that fluoride was a “nutrient.” A nutrient is a vitamin or mineral that is necessary for good health. Dentists believed that fluoride ingestion during childhood was necessary for strong, healthy teeth. A “fluoride deficiency” was thus believed to cause cavities, just like a deficiency of calcium can
Fluoride & Oxidative Stress
A vast body of research demonstrates that fluoride exposure increases oxidative stress. Based on this research, it is believed that fluoride-induced oxidative stress is a key mechanism underlying the various toxic effects associated with fluoride exposure. It is also well established that fluoride's toxic effects can be ameliorated by exposure
Fluoride Exposure Increases Metabolic Requirement for Magnesium
Fluoride's toxicity is significantly enhanced in the presence of nutritional deficiencies. Similarly, fluoride exposure increases the body's requirement for certain nutrients. An individual with a high intake of fluoride, for example, will need a proportional increase in calcium to avoid the mineralization defects (e.g., osteomalacia) that fluoride causes to bone
Fluoride Exposure Increases Metabolic Requirement for Calcium & Vitamin D
It is well known that individuals with nutrient deficiencies are more susceptible to fluoride toxicity, including fluoride's bone effects. As discussed in the following studies, fluoride increases the skeleton's need for calcium (and vitamin D) by increasing the amount of unmineralized tissue (osteoid) in the bone. When insufficient calcium and
As demonstrated by the studies below, skeletal fluorosis may produce adverse symptoms, including arthritic pains, clinical osteoarthritis, gastrointestinal disturbances, and bone fragility, before the classic bone change of fluorosis (i.e., osteosclerosis in the spine and pelvis) is detectable by x-ray. Relying on x-rays, therefore, to diagnosis skeletal fluorosis will invariably fail to protect those individuals who are suffering from the pre-skeletal phase of the disease. Moreover, some individuals with clinical skeletal fluorosis will not develop an increase in bone density, let alone osteosclerosis, of the spine. Thus, relying on unusual increases in spinal bone density will under-detect the rate of skeletal fluoride poisoning in a population.
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