The interrelated effects of dietary fluorine and feed intake on bone growth, body growth, Ca45 behavior, bone pathology and feed utilization are demonstrated in young pigs.
A fluorine level of 1000 ppm in the ration reduced the appetite and caused a decrease in bone growth, body growth, and feed required per unit of skeletal growth. There was an increase in feed required per unit weight gain.
When animals were restricted to the same dietary intake, levels of 200 and 1000 ppm fluorme caused a reduction in bone growth.
Limiting the dietary intake caused a decrease in bone growth, body growth and feed required per unit of bone growth; however, it caused an increase in feed required per unit of weight gain.
Autoradiograms showed that. in the fluorine treated animals there was a process occurring which tended to remove the Ca45 originally deposited in or directly below the epiphyseal
regions. It is suggested that the fluorine intake caused an increased rate of bone resorption in the primary and secondary spongiosa.
The proportion of the epiphysis occupied by hypertrophied cartilage cells was found to be a reliable measure of the rate of bone growth under the conditions of this experiment.
Deterioration of teeth and alveolar bone loss due to chronic environmental high-level fluoride and low calcium exposure
OBJECTIVES: Health risks due to chronic exposure to highly fluoridated groundwater could be underestimated because fluoride might not only influence the teeth in an aesthetic manner but also seems to led to dentoalveolar structure changes. Therefore, we studied the tooth and alveolar bone structures of Dorper sheep chronically exposed to
Some results of the effect of fluoride on bone tissue in osteoporosis
Three cases are reported in which fluoride was administered to individuals with osteoporosis. Bone biopsies taken after 7 to 24 months of therapy show that the effect of fluoride on bone tissue appears to be stimulation of new bone formation. If calcium and vitamin D are not administered with the
Effects of sodium fluoride, vitamin D, and calcium on cortical bone remodeling in osteoporotic patients
The purpose of this histomorphometric study of iliac bone biopsies from 10 postmenopausal osteoporotic patients was to describe the effects of sodium fluoride (combined with calcium and vitamin D) on remodeling in cortical bone after 6 months and after 5 years of treatment. Biopsies had been fixed in absolute methanol,
High fluoride and low calcium levels in drinking water is associated with low bone mass, reduced bone quality and fragility fractures in sheep
Chronic environmental fluoride exposure under calcium stress causes fragility fractures due to osteoporosis and bone quality deterioration, at least in sheep. Proof of skeletal fluorosis, presenting without increased bone density, calls for a review of fracture incidence in areas with fluoridated groundwater, including an analysis of patients with low bone
Radiological spectrum of endemic fluorosis: relationship with calcium intake
Skeletal fluorosis continues to be endemic in many parts of India. Osteosclerosis and interosseous membrane calcification have long been regarded as hallmarks of this disease. Our study showed in addition a wide variety of radiological patterns: coarse trabecular pattern, axial osteosclerosis with distal osteopenia and diffuse osteopenia. Subjects with osteopenic changes had
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Fluoride & Rickets
One of fluoride's most well-defined effects on bone tissue is it's ability to increase the osteoid (unmineralized bone) content of bone. When bones have too much osteoid, they become soft and prone to fracture -- a condition known as osteomalacia. When osteomalacia develops during childhood, it is called "rickets." The potential for fluoride
Fluoride Is Not an Essential Nutrient
In the 1950s, dentists believed that fluoride was a “nutrient.” A nutrient is a vitamin or mineral that is necessary for good health. Dentists believed that fluoride ingestion during childhood was necessary for strong, healthy teeth. A “fluoride deficiency” was thus believed to cause cavities, just like a deficiency of calcium can
Fluoride Exposure Increases Metabolic Requirement for Magnesium
Fluoride's toxicity is significantly enhanced in the presence of nutritional deficiencies. Similarly, fluoride exposure increases the body's requirement for certain nutrients. An individual with a high intake of fluoride, for example, will need a proportional increase in calcium to avoid the mineralization defects (e.g., osteomalacia) that fluoride causes to bone
As demonstrated by the studies below, skeletal fluorosis may produce adverse symptoms, including arthritic pains, clinical osteoarthritis, gastrointestinal disturbances, and bone fragility, before the classic bone change of fluorosis (i.e., osteosclerosis in the spine and pelvis) is detectable by x-ray. Relying on x-rays, therefore, to diagnosis skeletal fluorosis will invariably fail to protect those individuals who are suffering from the pre-skeletal phase of the disease. Moreover, some individuals with clinical skeletal fluorosis will not develop an increase in bone density, let alone osteosclerosis, of the spine. Thus, relying on unusual increases in spinal bone density will under-detect the rate of skeletal fluoride poisoning in a population.
Fluoride Exposure Increases Metabolic Requirement for Calcium & Vitamin D
It is well known that individuals with nutrient deficiencies are more susceptible to fluoride toxicity, including fluoride's bone effects. As discussed in the following studies, fluoride increases the skeleton's need for calcium (and vitamin D) by increasing the amount of unmineralized tissue (osteoid) in the bone. When insufficient calcium and
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