Various authors have studied the effect of fluoride ion upon mammalian cells using many different biological end-points, of:which inhibition of the function of specific cellular enzymes, survival of cell reproductive capacity, production of abnormalities of cell division and alteration in the rate of cell proliferation are a representative sample. In this review the minimum fluoride ion concentration at which biological effects are detect- able are compared for each of these end-points. The usefulness of such in vitro studies for evaluation of potential whole-animal toxicity is discussed.
Selenium increases expression of HSP70 and antioxidant enzymes to lessen oxidative damage in Fincoal-type fluorosis
Fincoal type fluorosis has only been reported from China, but its pathogenesis is unclear. Many people believe that fluorosis is associated with oxidative stress. Oxidative stress can be reduced at higher selenium (Se) level. Heat shock protein (HSP70) is the most conserved and induced against different stressors. The aim of
Lipid peroxidation and antioxidant enzyme status of adult males with skeletal fluorosis in Andhra Pradesh, India.
Blood samples from 24 adult males, age 25 to 40, with endemic skeletal fluorosis, living in the Vaillapally village of the Nalgonda district, Andhra Pradesh, India, were examined and compared with samples from 15 matched controls for their antioxidant enzyme activity and lipid peroxidation. Elevated malondialdehyde (MDA) levels indicated an
Diverse effects of fluoride on NA+ and K+ transport across the rat erythrocyte membrane.
The cellular effects of fluoride (as F – from NaF) on Na + and K + transport across the rat erythrocyte membrane were investigated using 22 Na as a tracer and nonradioactive Rb + as a K + congener. Exposure of rat erythrocytes to 20 mM NaF for 30–120 min
Possible link between glycolysis and apoptosis induced by sodium fluoride.
Fluoride has been used to prevent caries in the dentition, but the possible underlying mechanisms of cytotoxicity induction by this compound are still unclear. Since fluoride is known as an inhibitor of glycolytic enzymes, we investigated the possible connection between NaF-induced apoptosis and glycolysis in human promyelocytic leukemia HL-60 cells.
[Effect of endemic fluoride poisoning caused by coal burning on the oxidative stress in rat testis].
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of endemic fluoride poisoning caused by coal burning on the oxidative stress in rat testis. METHODS: Totally 40 male SD rats were equally randomized into four groups control group, low fluorosis group, middle fluorosis group, and high fluorosis group. Rats in all three fluorosis groups were
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