Fluoride Action Network


The aim of this study was to make a preliminary assessment of etiological factors related to dental fluorosis of permanent teeth among children in Poznan, Poland. Included were 19 resident children, aged 8–17 with symmetrical diffuse enamel opacities, along with 19 matched controls. Possible etiological factors of dental fluorosis were recorded by a detailed interview with the parents. Short-duration breastfeeding and the use of tap water for reconstitution of infant formula significantly increased the risk of developing fluoride (F) opacities (p = 0.02). There was no statistically significant difference in the distribution of medical problems that have been reported to cause enamel opacities in the study group and the control group.