Fluoride Action Network


The modulatory actions of fluoride on the function of the dihydropyridine-sensitive (L-type) Ca2+ channel were studied in rabbit cardiac myocytes. In cell-attached voltage-clamp experiments, using barium as the charge carrier, fluoride increased the activity of the Ca2+ channel dose-dependently. Low concentrations (<10 mM) of fluoride increased the number of traces with channel activities, and decreased the number of traces without channel activities, resulting in a net increase in the open-channel probability. The effect of 5 mM fluoride on the Ca2+ channel was inhibited by the presence of non-hydrolyzable guanosine diphosphate analog in the cell. On the other hand, high concentrations (>10 mM) of fluoride increased the open-channel duration, resulting in a marked increase in open-channel probability. A pretreatment of myocytes with a phosphatase inhibitor, okadaic acid, virtually abolished the additional effect of fluoride on the open-channel duration or open probability. A concentration of up to 75 mM fluoride had no effect on the Ca2+-channel activity when the myocytes were pretreated with a potent inhibitor of protein kinases, indicating that fluoride increased the Ca2+- channel activity via modulation of the phosphorylation state of the myocyte or the channel protein alone.