The prognosis for fluoride inhalation is poor, owing to the extreme toxicity of the substance and lack of satisfactory treatment. In the case of massive inhalation, the slow, progressive destruction of the bronchial mucosa and lung tissue will be lethal. Irrespective of the dose, a transient restriction in renal function or acute renal failure will occur. The transient increase in transaminase seems to be caused by several factors. Our cases show that the evaluation of fluoride levels in biological material is difficult, as dietary intake, e.g., in drinking water, may complicate acute or chronic occupational exposure.
Fluoridation and bone disease in renal patients
About the Authors: William J Johnson, director of the Mayo Artificial Kidney Center and professor of medicine with the Division of Nephrology at the Mayo Clinic, has been involved in the study of calcium and phosphorus metabolism and renal osteodystrophy, potassium metabolism, and uremic neuropathy. He is past chairman of the Minnesota
Effects of fluoride on bone in chronic renal failure
Fluoride is concentrated in the bones of patients with chronic renal failure when fluoridated water is used during hemodialysis. Excessive osteoid is produced that is not normally mineralized and severe osteomalacia occurs. Electron microscopical examination of iliac crest bone biopsy specimens from four patients suggests that fluoride induces the synthesis
Evaluation of kidney injury biomarkers in an adult Mexican population environmentally exposed to fluoride and low arsenic levels.
Highlights Fluoride exposure increased renal injury biomarkers (ALB, Cys-C, KIM-1 and OPN). Fluoride could be considered an environmental kidney toxicant. Exposure to low concentrations of arsenic does not increase kidney injury biomarkers. Co-exposure to low arsenic level does not enhanced renal fluoride toxicity. Fluoride (F) is a toxicant widely distributed
Study on changes of clinical indicators and key proteins from fluoride exposure
Few studies have evaluated the biomarker changes of fluoride exposure. In order to explore early and sensitive indicators, animal experiment was designed. Ninety-six healthy SD rats (48 males and 48 females) weighing approximately 60 g were randomly divided into six groups of 16 animals each by gender average. Control animals
Serum ionic fluoride levels in haemodialysis and continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis patients
High serum fluoride (F-) in patients with chronic renal failure (CRF) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is associated with risk of renal osteodystrophy and other bone changes. This study was done to determine F- in normal healthy controls and patients with ESRD on haemodialysis (HD) or peritoneal dialysis (PD). Seventeen
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