The prognosis for fluoride inhalation is poor, owing to the extreme toxicity of the substance and lack of satisfactory treatment. In the case of massive inhalation, the slow, progressive destruction of the bronchial mucosa and lung tissue will be lethal. Irrespective of the dose, a transient restriction in renal function or acute renal failure will occur. The transient increase in transaminase seems to be caused by several factors. Our cases show that the evaluation of fluoride levels in biological material is difficult, as dietary intake, e.g., in drinking water, may complicate acute or chronic occupational exposure.
Toxic effects of fluoride on the rat kidney. II. Chronic effects
1. The 30-day LC50 of sodium fluoride administered in the drinking water was 205 ppm fluoride in the weanling rat. Death generally occurred between the third and fifth day after administration was begun. When levels of 150–250 ppm fluoride were administered in the water, 30–40% of the surviving rats showed
Protective effects of blackberry and quercetin on sodium fluoride-induced oxidative stress and histological changes in the hepatic, renal, testis and brain tissue of male rat
BACKGROUND: Sodium fluoride (NaF) intoxication is associated with oxidative stress and altered antioxidant defense mechanism. The present study was carried out to evaluate the potential protective role of blackberry and quercetin (Q) against NaF-induced oxidative stress and histological changes in liver, kidney, testis and brain tissues of rats. METHODS: The rats
Hyperkalemia risks in hemodialysed patients consuming fluoride-rich water
In order to observe the consequences of chronic ingestion of high fluoride-rich water on plasma potassium levels of hemodialysed subjects, we have conducted a retrospective study on 25 patients with chronic renal failure, treated with a substitute method, six of whom (consumers group, group C) were drinkers of a bicarbonate
The mitochondrial pathway is involved in sodium fluoride (NaF)-induced renal apoptosis in mice.
The objective of the present study was to explore the molecular mechanism of apoptosis induced by sodium fluoride (NaF) in the mouse kidney by using the methods of flow cytometry, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), western blotting, and experimental pathology. 240 four-week-old ICR mice were randomly divided into 4
Prevention of bony fluorosis in aluminum smelter workers. A five-year study of fluoride absorption and excretion -- Pt. 3.
1. A study of over 52,000 urinary fluoride determinations collected over a 5-year period among aluminum smelter workers is described. The pre-shift urinary fluoride concentration (representative of bony burden) appears to increase less rapidly than the post-shift concentration. This slow rate of bony buildup of pre-shift urinary fluoride concentrations reflects
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