The biological effects of fluoride were investigated on rats fed pure spring water (natural F- concentration = 0.2 ppm) or spring water enriched with NaF to result 0.8, 1.1 or 2.2 ppm F- during 180 days. The main effects of fluoride have been:
1. Electrocardiographic recordings showed a significant reduction of the electrical systole (QTc).
2. Body weight gain was unaffected by the treatment.
3. Bivalent cations (Ca2+, Mg2+ and Zn2+) were importantly reduced in adrenals, ventricular myocardium, and bone.
4. Na+ concentration was strikingly increased in aorta, lung, and joint of treated animals.
5. In testis, we observed Ca2+ and Na+ retention.
6. Zinc ions were depleted in most tissues, except kidney and submandibular salivary gland.
Our results revealed that chronic administration of fluoridated water does influence systemic biochemical homeostasis in rats, without evoking any overt sign of fluorosis. Moreover, the definition of a “safe” concentration of F- in public w [abstract cut short]
Fluoride versus sulfur oxides in air pollution.
In reviewing the effects of the 2 pollutants on vegetation and domestic animals there can be no doubt that airborne F-- is far more harmful than sulfur oxides. F-- reaches the blood stream both through inhalation and by ingestion with contaminated food. In plants the translocation of F-- throughout the
Acute fluoride poisoning.
Fluoride poisoning is a potentially severe environmental hazard for children. A case of fluoride poisoning is presented which was manifested by severe hypocalcemia, ventricular arrhythmias, and respiratory failure. Treatment of this poisoning, including peritoneal dialysis, is discussed. The kinetics of fluoride distribution as measured in this patient suggest a rapid
Chronic fluorosis: the disease and its anaesthetic implications..
Abstract Chronic fluorosis is a widespread disease-related to the ingestion of high levels of fluoride through water and food. Prolonged ingestion of fluoride adversely affects the teeth, bones and other organs and alters their anatomy and physiology. Fluoride excess is a risk factor in cardiovascular disease and other major diseases, including
Effects of fluoride and aluminum exposure to dams prior to and during gestation on mineral compositions of bone and selected soft tissues of female mice dams and pups.
Sixty-four CD-1 female mice were assigned to onez of four water treatment groups: Control (distilled, deionized water) (C); Fluoride (50 ppm F as NaF) (F); Aluminum (100 ppm Al as AlCl3) (Al); and Al & F (50 ppm F & 100 ppm Al) (AlF). One-half of the animals in each
The effects of fluoridated water on rat urine and tissue cAMP levels
Male Wistar rats were fed a fluoride deficient diet (less than 0.5 parts/10(6) F), and either distilled water or fluoridated water (1.0 parts/10(6)). By week 3, the control group had urinary excretions of 106 +/- 5 nmol cAMP/day (mean +/- SEM) whereas the experimental group excreted 129 +/- 6 nmol
Related Studies :
As demonstrated by the studies below, skeletal fluorosis may produce adverse symptoms, including arthritic pains, clinical osteoarthritis, gastrointestinal disturbances, and bone fragility, before the classic bone change of fluorosis (i.e., osteosclerosis in the spine and pelvis) is detectable by x-ray. Relying on x-rays, therefore, to diagnosis skeletal fluorosis will invariably fail to protect those individuals who are suffering from the pre-skeletal phase of the disease. Moreover, some individuals with clinical skeletal fluorosis will not develop an increase in bone density, let alone osteosclerosis, of the spine. Thus, relying on unusual increases in spinal bone density will under-detect the rate of skeletal fluoride poisoning in a population.
Fluoride & Myocardial Damage
Structural damage to the heart resulting from fluoride toxicity has been observed in numerous human and animal studies. The general features of this damage include cloudy swelling, vacuolization or vacuolar degeneration, hemorrhages, interstitial edema, fibrous necrosis, dissolution of nuclei, and thickening of the vessel walls in the heart muscle (Basha
Fluoride & Osteoarthritis
While the osteoarthritic effects that occurred from fluoride exposure were once considered to be limited to those with skeletal fluorosis, recent research shows that fluoride can cause osteoarthritis in the absence of traditionally defined fluorosis. Conventional methods used for detecting skeletal fluorosis, therefore, will fail to detect the full range of people suffering from fluoride-induced osteoarthritis.
Fluoride & Arterial Calcification
The major change involved with cardiovascular disease is development of atherosclerosis in critical arteries, which is partially characterized by vascular calcification. The level of coronary artery calcification is thought to be the most important indicator of future cardiovascular events. Increased arterial calcifications have frequently been reported in those with skeletal fluorosis
Fluoride & Arteriosclerosis
Healthy arteries are flexible and elastic, allowing efficient transfer of blood and nutrients from the heart to the rest of the body. Arteriosclerosis refers to a stiffening of the arteries, including loss of elasticity. This is a slow, progressive disease that may begin early in life from damage to the
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