The biological effects of fluoride were investigated on rats fed pure spring water (natural F- concentration = 0.2 ppm) or spring water enriched with NaF to result 0.8, 1.1 or 2.2 ppm F- during 180 days. The main effects of fluoride have been:
1. Electrocardiographic recordings showed a significant reduction of the electrical systole (QTc).
2. Body weight gain was unaffected by the treatment.
3. Bivalent cations (Ca2+, Mg2+ and Zn2+) were importantly reduced in adrenals, ventricular myocardium, and bone.
4. Na+ concentration was strikingly increased in aorta, lung, and joint of treated animals.
5. In testis, we observed Ca2+ and Na+ retention.
6. Zinc ions were depleted in most tissues, except kidney and submandibular salivary gland.
Our results revealed that chronic administration of fluoridated water does influence systemic biochemical homeostasis in rats, without evoking any overt sign of fluorosis. Moreover, the definition of a “safe” concentration of F- in public w [abstract cut short]
Fluorosis in Aden
The cases to be described here occurred in the Aden Protectorate where for the last 12 years mass screening of the chest to exclude pulmonary tuberculosis has been carried out. The patients had all drunk the brackish water from the wells, and the analysis of the water from a well
Effect of fluoride on enzymes from serum, liver, kidney, skeletal and heart muscles of mice.
White mice maintained on water containing 100 ppm NaF showed changes in the enzyme level in serum, liver, kidney, heart and skeletal muscles. Enzymes studies were alkaline phosphatase (ALP), acid phosphatase (AcP), glutamate-oxalacetate transaminase (GOT), glutamate-pyruvate transaminase (GPT), lactic dehydrogenase (LDH), isocitric dehydrogenase (ICDH) and cholinesterase (CE). AcP was markedly
Acute fluoride poisoning.
Fluoride poisoning is a potentially severe environmental hazard for children. A case of fluoride poisoning is presented which was manifested by severe hypocalcemia, ventricular arrhythmias, and respiratory failure. Treatment of this poisoning, including peritoneal dialysis, is discussed. The kinetics of fluoride distribution as measured in this patient suggest a rapid
A Rat Experimental Study of the Relationship Between Fluoride Exposure and Sensitive Biomarkers.
Chronic excessive fluoride exposure impairs human health and damages not only the skeletal system and the teeth but also the soft tissues such as the brain, liver, kidneys, pancreas and spinal cord. However, there is limited research regarding the exposure levels and sensitive biomarkers. This study was aimed to establish
Clinical and hygienic evaluation of the combined effect of vibration and fluoride in humans
By L. Ya. Tartatovskaya, G.N. Samokhvalova, A.G. Antropov Medical Science Centre of Prophylactics and Protection of the Health Workers in Industrial Enterprises, Ekaterinburg, Russia. The study of the combined action of vibration and intense noise, muscular loads and cooling has made it possible to assess the probability of the development of vibration
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Skeletal Fluorosis: The Misdiagnosis Problem
It is a virtual certainty that there are individuals in the general population unknowingly suffering from some form of skeletal fluorosis as a result of a doctor's failure to consider fluoride as a cause of their symptoms. Proof that this is the case can be found in the following case reports of skeletal fluorosis written by doctors in the U.S. and other western countries. As can be seen, a consistent feature of these reports is that fluorosis patients--even those with crippling skeletal fluorosis--are misdiagnosed for years by multiple teams of doctors who routinely fail to consider fluoride as a possible cause of their disease.
Fluoride & Arterial Calcification
The major change involved with cardiovascular disease is development of atherosclerosis in critical arteries, which is partially characterized by vascular calcification. The level of coronary artery calcification is thought to be the most important indicator of future cardiovascular events. Increased arterial calcifications have frequently been reported in those with skeletal fluorosis
Fluoride, Blood Pressure and Hypertension
Individuals with blood pressure readings that exceed 140/90 are considered hypertensive. Hypertension can increase the risk of stroke, heart attack, heart failure, aortic aneurysms, and peripheral arterial disease. An association between increased fluoride in ground water and increased prevalence of hypertension has been observed, especially among adult males (Amini et
Fluoride & Osteoarthritis
While the osteoarthritic effects that occurred from fluoride exposure were once considered to be limited to those with skeletal fluorosis, recent research shows that fluoride can cause osteoarthritis in the absence of traditionally defined fluorosis. Conventional methods used for detecting skeletal fluorosis, therefore, will fail to detect the full range of people suffering from fluoride-induced osteoarthritis.
Fluoride & Myocardial Damage
Structural damage to the heart resulting from fluoride toxicity has been observed in numerous human and animal studies. The general features of this damage include cloudy swelling, vacuolization or vacuolar degeneration, hemorrhages, interstitial edema, fibrous necrosis, dissolution of nuclei, and thickening of the vessel walls in the heart muscle (Basha
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