Sodium fluoride at a dose level of 5.0 mg/kg enhanced aminopyrine N-demethylase and NADPH cytochrome c reductase activities and cytochrome P450 and cytochrome b5 levels in rat liver, kidney, lung, intestine and testis, whereas acetanilide hydroxylase activity remained unchanged in kidney and lung and was increased in liver, intestine and testis. Sodium fluoride at 20.0 mg/kg caused a decrease in aminopyrine N-demethylase, acetanilide hydroxylase and NADPH cytochrome c reductase activities and cytochrome P450 and cytochrome b5 levels in all tissues, except for an increase in NADPH cytochrome c reductase activity in the intestine and testis. Fluoride at both dose levels produced only marginal changes in glutathione-S-transferase activity except for a 4-fold increase in the testis at 5.0 mg/kg. Sodium fluoride at 5.0 mg/kg increased lipid peroxidation in all tissues studied. At 20.0 mg/kg there was a decrease in lipid peroxidation in liver, lung and testis and an increase in kidney and intestine.