RESULTS: This work presents mechanisms by which interaction of fluoride ions with enzymes can take place. The effects of fluoride on enzymes participating in cellular metabolic pathways, like energy formation and carbohydrate and lipid turnover, are discussed. A list of enzymes which are inhibited or activated in vivo and in vitro by fluoride ions is provided, together with information on species and organs of origin, fluoride concentration, and extent of inhibition or activation.
In vivo influence of sodium fluoride on sperm chemotaxis in male mice
Reproductive process covers lots of procedures, including capacitation, hyperactivation, chemotaxis and the acrosome reaction. Each plays an important role in the success of fertilization. Although multiple studies have reported the toxic effects of fluoride on the male reproduction, the effect of fluoride on sperm chemotaxis is little known. This study
The effects and underlying mechanism of excessive iodide on excessive fluoride-induced thyroid cytotoxicity
In many regions, excessive fluoride and excessive iodide coexist in groundwater, which may lead to biphasic hazards to human thyroid. To explore fluoride-induced thyroid cytotoxicity and the mechanism underlying the effects of excessive iodide on fluoride-induced cytotoxicity, a thyroid cell line (Nthy-ori 3-1) was exposed to excessive fluoride and/or excessive
Effects of fluoride on the intracellular free Ca2+ and Ca2+-ATPase of kidney.
In the present study, the effect of fluoride on intracellular free calcium ([Ca2+]i) and Ca2+-ATPase of renal cells were examined. Some paradoxical experimental results about the mechanism of fluoride toxicity were observed. In vivo, 48 Wistar rats were divided into 4 groups, and half of rats were treated with sodium
Protective effects of aqueous extract of fruit pulp of Tamarindus indica on motor activity and metabolism of the gastrocnemius muscle of rats treated with fluoride
This study reports the protective effects of tamarind ingestion against fluoride induced changes on motor activity and metabolism of Gastrocnemius muscle (GM) of rats. The male Wistar rats were divided into four groups - control, fluoride treated i.p. (20 mg NaF/Kg bw) and Tamarind (Tamarindus indicus III -150mg/kg bw and
Effect of topical application of fluoride gel NaF 2% on enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidant parameters of saliva
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of topical fluoride gel NaF 2% application on antioxidant parameters of whole saliva from children. DESIGN: The saliva mechanically stimulated with parafilm was collected from 25 children (6-12 years) attending the Clinic of Paediatric Dentistry of Universidade Cruzeiro do
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