RESULTS: This work presents mechanisms by which interaction of fluoride ions with enzymes can take place. The effects of fluoride on enzymes participating in cellular metabolic pathways, like energy formation and carbohydrate and lipid turnover, are discussed. A list of enzymes which are inhibited or activated in vivo and in vitro by fluoride ions is provided, together with information on species and organs of origin, fluoride concentration, and extent of inhibition or activation.
Enzymatic activity of Glutathione S-Transferase and dental fluorosis among children receiving two different levels of naturally fluoridated water
This study was conducted to measure the activity of the enzyme glutathione S-transferase (GST) in saliva and to compare the activity of this enzyme in children with and without dental fluorosis in communities with different concentrations of naturally fluoridated water. A total of 141 schoolchildren participated in this cross-sectional study.
The effects and underlying mechanism of excessive iodide on excessive fluoride-induced thyroid cytotoxicity
In many regions, excessive fluoride and excessive iodide coexist in groundwater, which may lead to biphasic hazards to human thyroid. To explore fluoride-induced thyroid cytotoxicity and the mechanism underlying the effects of excessive iodide on fluoride-induced cytotoxicity, a thyroid cell line (Nthy-ori 3-1) was exposed to excessive fluoride and/or excessive
Alteration of paraoxonase, arylesterase and lactonase activities in people around fluoride endemic area of Tamil Nadu, India.
BACKGROUND: Toxicity due to excess fluoride concentration in drinking water is of great concern in people who rely only on the ground water as their water source in many region of the world. METHODS: We collected samples and examined the toxicity of fluoride in a population residing at Salem, Dharmapuri and
Effect of sodium fluoride ingestion on malondialdehyde concentration and the activity of antioxidant enzymes in rat erythrocytes
Fluoride intoxication has been shown to produce diverse deleterious metabolic alterations within the cell. To determine the effects of sodium fluoride (NaF) treatment on malondialdehyde (MDA) levels and on the activity of antioxidant enzymes in rat erythrocytes, Male Wistar rats were treated with 50 ppm of NaF or were untreated
Effects of fluoride on cells and tissues in culture: a review.
Various authors have studied the effect of fluoride ion upon mammalian cells using many different biological end-points, of:which inhibition of the function of specific cellular enzymes, survival of cell reproductive capacity, production of abnormalities of cell division and alteration in the rate of cell proliferation are a representative sample. In
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