RESULTS: This work presents mechanisms by which interaction of fluoride ions with enzymes can take place. The effects of fluoride on enzymes participating in cellular metabolic pathways, like energy formation and carbohydrate and lipid turnover, are discussed. A list of enzymes which are inhibited or activated in vivo and in vitro by fluoride ions is provided, together with information on species and organs of origin, fluoride concentration, and extent of inhibition or activation.
[Effect of endemic fluoride poisoning caused by coal burning on the oxidative stress in rat testis].
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of endemic fluoride poisoning caused by coal burning on the oxidative stress in rat testis. METHODS: Totally 40 male SD rats were equally randomized into four groups control group, low fluorosis group, middle fluorosis group, and high fluorosis group. Rats in all three fluorosis groups were
Lipid peroxidation and antioxidant enzyme status of adult males with skeletal fluorosis in Andhra Pradesh, India.
Blood samples from 24 adult males, age 25 to 40, with endemic skeletal fluorosis, living in the Vaillapally village of the Nalgonda district, Andhra Pradesh, India, were examined and compared with samples from 15 matched controls for their antioxidant enzyme activity and lipid peroxidation. Elevated malondialdehyde (MDA) levels indicated an
JNK and NADPH oxidase involved in fluoride-induced oxidative stress in BV-2 microglia cells.
Excessive fluoride may cause central nervous system (CNS) dysfunction, and oxidative stress is a recognized mode of action of fluoride toxicity. In CNS, activated microglial cells can release more reactive oxygen species (ROS), and NADPH oxidase (NOX) is the major enzyme for the production of extracellular superoxide in microglia. ROS
Effect of fluoride ions on apatite crystal formation in rat hard tissues.
Fluoride is widely believed to be a useful chemical substance for preventing dental caries. However, the mechanism underlying crystal perforation in the tooth enamel and the effect of fluoride on hard tissues are unclear. To clarify the mechanism of the biological action of fluoride in the mineralization process, we examined
Enzymatic activity of Glutathione S-Transferase and dental fluorosis among children receiving two different levels of naturally fluoridated water
This study was conducted to measure the activity of the enzyme glutathione S-transferase (GST) in saliva and to compare the activity of this enzyme in children with and without dental fluorosis in communities with different concentrations of naturally fluoridated water. A total of 141 schoolchildren participated in this cross-sectional study.
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