Fluoride concentrations in 42 urinary calculi were determined using a microdiffusion procedure in conjunction with a fluoride sensitive electrode. Mean values of 56, 230 and 1112 ng./mg. fluoride were obtained for uric acid, calcium oxalate monohydrate and apatite/struvite stones, respectively. Fluoride concentration was found to be related to calcium oxalate dihydrate levels as well as to apatite content. It is suggested that the former has zeolithic properties which might trap fluoride while formation and growth of the latter appears to be enhanced by elevated urinary fluoride levels.
Urine, serum and hair monitoring of hydrofluoric acid workers.
To define the relationship between fluoride (F) concentration in the serum, urine and hair of workers and the concentration of hydrofluoric acid (HF) in the work environment, pre- and postshift serum and urine samples of 142 HF exposed workers and 237 unexposed workers were examined. Hair specimens were also collected
Potential Co-exposure to Arsenic and Fluoride and Biomonitoring Equivalents for Mexican Children.
BACKGROUND: Mexico is included in the list of countries with concurrent arsenic and fluoride contamination in drinking water. Most of the studies have been carried out in the adult population and very few in the child population. Urinary arsenic and urinary fluoride levels have been accepted as good biomarkers of
Fluoride intakes in pregnant women in Palmerston North, New Zealand.
Background: The New Zealand Ministry of Health recommends fluoride is added to public water supplies to a concentration of 0.7–1.0 mg/L. Fluoride is added to municipal water in Palmerston North. Aims: To assess fluoride intakes among self-selecting pregnant women in Palmerston North. Methods: Pregnant women (n = 59) were recruited from Palmerston North (2009–2011). Daily
Ossification of posterior longitudinal ligament and fluorosis.
Objective: Ossification of posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) is a progressive disease that causes spinal canal compromise and serious neurological sequelae in advanced cases. The incidence of OPLL in the Asiatic population is 2%-3%, but the incidence is more in the background of fluorosis. Our aim was to study the association
A fatality due to ingestion of hydrofluoric acid.
We report a fatal case of hydrofluoric acid (HF) ingestion with suicidal intent. Quantitation using an ion-selective electrode for fluoride in fresh bile, gastric contents, kidney, liver, skeletal muscle, urine, and vitreous humor yielded 6.5, 39.0, 10.0, 6.0, 4.5, 5.0, and 4.5 ppm, respectively. In addition to the unfixed specimens,
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