Fluoride concentrations in 42 urinary calculi were determined using a microdiffusion procedure in conjunction with a fluoride sensitive electrode. Mean values of 56, 230 and 1112 ng./mg. fluoride were obtained for uric acid, calcium oxalate monohydrate and apatite/struvite stones, respectively. Fluoride concentration was found to be related to calcium oxalate dihydrate levels as well as to apatite content. It is suggested that the former has zeolithic properties which might trap fluoride while formation and growth of the latter appears to be enhanced by elevated urinary fluoride levels.
Effect of fluoride, silicon, and magnesium on the mineralizing capacity of an inorganic medium and stone formers urine tested by a modified in vitro method.
An in vitro mineralizing system using bovine achilles tendon developed by Thomas and Tomita (3) was modified to enable quantitative evaluation of mineralization. Using this modified method, the potential effect of various ions on the rate of calcium uptake from inorganic mineralization medium was measured. Of the elements tested, only
Health risk assessment in children living in an urban area with hydrofluorosis: San Luis Potosí Mexico case study.
Background: Fluoride is an inorganic element, which can be found in high concentrations in groundwater. Its consumption and exposure have consequences on human health. The objective of this study was to evaluate fluoride exposure and develop a health risk assessment in children from an urban area with hydrofluorosis
Urinary fluoride excretion after application of fluoride varnish and use of fluoride toothpaste in young children.
BACKGROUND: The efficacy and safety of combined use of topical fluoride products are essential issues that must be monitored. AIM: To assess urinary excretion of fluoride after application of two different dental varnishes containing 2.26% fluoride in 3- to 4-year-old children and to compare the levels with and without parallel use
Maternal and fetal exposures to fluoride during mid-gestation among pregnant women in northern California.
Background Previous studies have shown a correlation between fluoride concentrations in urine and community water fluoride concentrations. However, there are no studies of the relationship between community water fluoridation, urine, serum, and amniotic fluid fluoride concentrations in pregnant women in the US. The aim of this study was to determine the
Fluorides in urine of the population living in polluted environment.
The increased excretion of fluorides in urine was shown by ion-selective method, in three different groups of workers, inhabitants of Chorzów--the most polluted town in the Upper Silesia. In nearly all workers (90%) of Nitrogen Chemical Plant and Slaughterhouse (groups A and M), the urine fluoride exceeded three to four
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