A description of the fluoride overfeed in Hooper Bay, Alaska, that resulted in the first reported death due to fluoride toxicity caused by drinking water from a community water system.
Acute fluoride poisoning associated with an on-site fluoridator in a Vermont elementary school.
On August 30 1980, an outbreak of minor illnesses consisting of nausea and vomiting affected 22 individuals attending a farmers market at a school. Illness was associated with the consumption of beverages made from school water (Xc2 = 65.6, p less than .0001); analysis of the water showed high levels
Acute fluoride poisoning in a New Mexico elementary school.
Thirty-four persons became ill with acute fluoride poisoning shortly after drinking water in an elementary school in Los Lunas, NM. The water supply of the school was supplemented with a concentrated sodium fluoride solution designed to raise fluoride levels in drinking water to 1 to 5 ppm. Two water samples
Acute fluoride poisoning from a public water system.
BACKGROUND: Acute fluoride poisoning produces a clinical syndrome characterized by nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, and paresthesias. In May 1992, excess fluoride in one of two public water systems serving a village in Alaska caused an outbreak of acute fluoride poisoning. METHODS: We surveyed residents, measured their urinary fluoride concentrations, and
An outbreak of fatal fluoride intoxication in a long-term hemodialysis unit
OBJECTIVE: To determine the cause of an outbreak of acute illness and death in a long-term hemodialysis unit. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort and case-control study of patients receiving hemodialysis and a laboratory study of a model deionization system to purify water for hemodialysis. SETTING: An outpatient hemodialysis unit of a university hospital. PATIENTS:
Exposure to excessive fluoride during hemodialysis
Discussion These data indicate that a patient maintained by hemodialysis in a community using fluoridated water may be exposed to a fluoride concentration higher than that present in tap water if the deionizer is allowed to become exhausted while the patient is being dialyzed. The concentration reached 520 uM in the
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