Fluoride Action Network

Abstract

Background and aim: The aim of the study was to assess the intelligence quotient of fishermen schoolchildren of Kutch, Gujarat, India.

Materials and methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among 8 to 10 years old schoolchildren living in Kutch District, Gujarat, India, from January to February 2013. Seguin Form Board Test was used to assess the intelligence quotient (IQ) level of children. Means of groups were compared by independent student t-test. Stepwise multiple linear regression was used to identify predictors for IQ.

Results: The mean average timing taken by fishermen schoolchildren to complete the test was 30.64 ± 4.97. Males had significantly lower mean timing scores than females (p < 0.05). Participants with severe dental fluorosis, low socio-economic status (SES), lower education level of both mother and father and those who were overweight had significantly higher mean timing scores for average category.

Conclusions: The present study suggested a low IQ among fishermen schoolchildren community of Kutch, Gujarat, India. The major factors which influenced their IQ were dental fluorosis, low SES, low education level of parents and high body mass index.