The contamination of ground water by fluoride has been reported worldwide. Most fluoride (approximately 70%) is filtered by the kidneys; humans or experimental animals with renal damage therefore may be more affected by fluoride exposure than those with normal kidney function. Tubulointerstitial fibrosis, which involves macrophage-promoted extracellular matrix production and myofibroblast migration, can be induced in rats by unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO). We examined the effects of fluoride exposure on tubulointerstitial fibrosis in the obstructed kidney of UUO rats. The left ureters of 6-week-old male rats were ligated using silk sutures. Fluoride was then administered for 2 weeks at doses of 0, 75, and 150 ppm in the drinking water. Real-time polymerase chain reaction was performed to analyze transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-?1) transcription; histological and immunohistochemical staining were used to identify positive areas within the renal cortex and staining-positive cells by image analysis. Significant increases were observed in the obstructed kidneys of UUO rats exposed to 150 ppm fluoride (compared to 0 ppm) for areas or number of cells that stained with Masson trichrome or with antibodies against collagen type I, alpha-smooth muscle actin (?-SMA, a myofibroblast marker), ED1, ED2, and ED3 (macrophage markers), and TGF-?1. Taken together, these observations suggested that fluoride exacerbates tuburointerstitial nephropathy resulting from UUO, and that this effect occurs via activation of the M2 macrophage-TGF-?1-fibroblast/myofibroblast-collagen synthesis pathway.
Time-dependent changes of blood parameters and fluoride kinetics in rats after acute exposure to subtoxic hydrofluoric acid
OBJECTIVES: In our previous study, we reported that even a sublethal dose of hydrofluoric acid (HFA) could cause acute toxic effects 60 min after intravenous injection. This study was designed to investigate the time- and dose-dependent changes associated with these disorders. The serum fluoride (F) kinetics are also considered in the
Protective properties of sesamin against fluoride-induced oxidative stress and apoptosis in kidney of carp (Cyprinus carpio) via JNK signaling pathway.
Sesamin, a major lignan derived from sesame seeds, has been reported to have many benefits and medicinal properties. However, its protective effects against fluoride-induced injury in kidney of fish have not been clarified. Previously we found that fluoride exposure caused damage and apoptosis in the kidneys of the common carp,
Free radical-induced nephrotoxicity following repeated oral exposure to chlorpyrifos alone and in conjunction with fluoride in rats
BACKGROUND/AIM: Chronic renal disorder is becoming a major health problem worldwide. The purpose of the present study was to investigate alterations in the renal antioxidant system in rats induced by repeated exposure to chlorpyrifos (CPF) alone and in conjunction with fluoride. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Wistar rats were randomly allocated to seven
The effect of sodium fluoride at prophylactic and toxic doses on renal structure and function in the isolated perfused rat kidney
To assess the renal effects of fluoride, isolated rat kidneys were perfused in single pass mode for 120 min. Five, 15 and 50, as well as 150, 500 and 1500 mumol NaF were administered 60, 80 and 100 min after starting the perfusion, respectively. Kidneys were perfused with constant pressure
Hemodialyzability of ionizable fluoride in hemodialysis session
The fluoride ion content in serum and in dialysate medium was determined by means of a fluoride ion-selective electrode in 29 patients undergoing hemodialysis treatment. Abnormally high serum fluoride of 65.9 +/- 28.3 microg l(-1) at the beginning and 46.5 +/- 26.7 microg l(-1) at the completion of the hemodialysis
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