- Regular phosphorus fertiliser inputs (63?years) have significantly increased the amount of fluorine in the topsoil.
- Fluorine has moved and accumulated to a depth of least 50?cm in the soil.
- Fluorine movement wasn’t enhanced by irrigation but moved mainly in drainage after fertiliser application in mid-winter.
An understanding of the rate at which fluorine (F) accumulates in soil from phosphorus fertiliser and how much is lost via leaching are important because of the challenge elevated F may pose to soil, plant and animal health. This study measured F accumulation in a soil under pasture (Inceptisol) that received single superphosphate (SSP) fertiliser over 63?years in a long-term fertiliser trial. It also assessed the downward movement of F in soil and effect of irrigation in a long-term irrigation trial. Results showed total F concentrations in topsoil (0–7.5?cm) that received 188?kg SSP?ha?1 and 376?kg SSP?ha?1 fertiliser increased from 251?mg?kg?1 to 349 and 430?mg?kg?1, respectively. The rates of F accumulation were estimated at 1.1 and 2.1?kg?ha?1?yr?1 respectively, low compared to previous studies. The F concentration in the 376?kg SSP ha?1 treatment decreased with depth, but was significantly higher than the control treatment to 50?cm, suggesting movement of F down the soil. Fluorine concentrations also decreased with depth to 50?cm in soils that received either no irrigation or up to 770?mm?yr?1 from irrigation. However there was no significant difference in the amount of F with depth between irrigation treatments. We postulate that F was moving predominately in drainage water in the period immediately after P fertiliser application in mid-winter and wasn’t enhanced by irrigation. This study should be repeated for other soil types to help our understanding of the potential for ongoing F accumulation in soil and implications this may have on future land use.
Flutemetamol F 18. Summary of Use during Lactation.
Drug Levels and Effects Information in this record refers to the use of flutemetamol F 18 as a diagnostic agent. No information is available on the use of flutemetamol F 18 during breastfeeding. The manufacturer recommends withholding breastfeeding for 24 hours after a diagnostic dose of 185 MBq (5 mCi). This
Evaluation of a fluorosis prevention educational program: A randomized field trial.
Background: A 2-group randomized field trial was conducted to evaluate the impact of a fluorosis educational preventive program in mother´s knowledge and practices, and on the urine fluoride concentration of their preschool children. Material and Methods: A group of 139 mother-child pairs participated in the study. Randomly, children were assigned to an intervention
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In view of previous reports, it is important to determine the relationship between liver function and the level of fluoride in the serum. The aim of this study was to investigate serum concentrations of fluoride in 72 patients with alcoholic liver cirrhosis, living in the region of Lublin (Eastern Poland)
Assessing fluoride levels of carbonated soft drinks
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