This study aimed to evaluate the gastrointestinal absorption and renal excretion of fluoride after the ingestion of high-fluoride dentifrice. Twelve volunteers participated in this in vivo, crossover, and blinded study. In three experimental phases, the volunteers were randomly assigned to one of three treatment groups, who ingested either the following: distilled and deionized water (control), conventional dentifrice (1100 ?g/g), or high-fluoride dentifrice (5000 ?g/g). Both dentifrices contained fluoride in the form of NaF/SiO2. To determine the rate of fluoride absorption, non-stimulated saliva was collected for up to 120 min after ingestion and the area under the curve of the salivary fluoride concentration was plotted as a function of time and the maximum concentration determined. All urine produced during the 24 h before and after ingestion was collected, and urinary excretion was calculated from the difference between the urinary fluoride concentrations in the two periods. A specific ion electrode coupled to an ion analyzer was used to measure fluoride concentrations. Statistical analysis was performed by ANOVA followed by Tukey’s test with p set at 5%. All measured parameters were highest after the ingestion of the dentifrice with 5000 ?g/g (p?<?0.001), confirming that this has an increased level of bioavailable fluoride compared with the conventional dentifrice. The high-fluoride dentifrice increases the concentration of salivary fluoride, which may explain its greater anticaries effect. However, it poses a potential risk of causing dental fluorosis and so should not be used by children.