The fluoride content of drinking water is directly correlated with the serum and saliva fluoride. Serum fluoride levels are also directly related to those of saliva, but not to urinary fluoride.
These interrelations are so close that a mathematical formula can be devised for the calculation of fluoride in body fluids. For instance, a sample of saliva may serve for the quantification of serum fluoride. Whereas these interrelations are observed in general population groups they do not always apply to individuals.
Biomarkers for the Assessment of Fluoride Exposure in Children.
Due to practical difficulties in quantifying fluoride exposure, the ability of various biomarkers to predict exposure has been investigated previously. However, the results are inadequate for validation of their application and usefulness. This study aimed to investigate the association between contemporary/recent biomarkers of fluoride exposure and total daily fluoride intake
Diagnosis of fluorosis and recovery through easy to practise interventions.
The objectives of the present study were to highlight (i) how to diagnose fluorosis, due to fluoride ion (F) toxicity, in out-patient departments, by retrieving the history and through tests and (ii) the interventions available for recovery. In patients suspected of fluorosis, the F levels were investigated in samples of
Fluoride exposure and kidney and liver function among adolescents in the United States: NHANES, 2013–2016.
Highlights Plasma fluoride concentrations are associated with kidney and liver parameters among United States (U.S.) adolescents Higher water fluoride concentrations are associated with lower blood urea nitrogen among U.S. adolescents Fluoride exposure may contribute to complex changes in kidney and liver related parameters among U.S. adolescents Altered kidney and/or liver
Dose-dependent effect of fluoride on clinical and subclinical indices of fluorosis in school going children and its mitigation by supply of safe drinking water for 5 years: An Indian study.
Fluorosis is a public health problem in India; to know its prevalence and severity along with its mitigation measures is very important. The present study has been undertaken with the aim to assess the F dose-dependent clinical and subclinical symptoms of fluorosis and reversal of the disease by providing safe
Urinary and plasma fluoride levels in pregnant women from Mexico City
Highlights There is growing concern that fluoride may be a neurodevelopmental toxicant. We characterize urine and plasma fluoride levels in 872 pregnant mothers. Fluoride levels through pregnancy were relatively stable. Background: There is need to assess the developmental neurotoxicity of fluoride. Our knowledge of prenatal fluoride exposure is challenged as few
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