- Exposure models can predict toxic effects of fluoride consumption in wildlife.
- Exposure models that vary in intensity of field data collection warrant comparison.
- Simple spatial metrics can predict fluoride accumulation in a free-ranging mammal.
- Complex exposure models may not perform better than simple spatial metrics.
Vegetation contaminated by industrial fluoride emissions can cause disease in herbivorous mammals. Spatially explicit exposure models offer a quantitative approach for evaluating and managing the potentially toxic effects of chronic fluoride consumption on wildlife. We monitored eastern grey kangaroos (Macropus giganteus) inhabiting a high-fluoride environment in the buffer zone of an aluminium smelter in southeastern Australia between 2010 and 2013. We measured fluoride levels at 19 pasture sites and determined the foraging range of 37 individual kangaroos. A series of generalised linear models were developed to estimate bone fluoride accumulation as a function of pasture exposure. Model outputs were compared to identify the most appropriate predictive tool for kangaroo bone fluoride accumulation relative to exposure. Accounting for age there was a negative association between bone fluoride concentration and distance of the central emission point from both the mean centre of foraging range and the point of death. The mean foraging range centre was the best predictor, with point of death just as suitable (and simpler), whereas more complex parameters such as monthly and cumulative fluoride exposure were poor predictors of bone fluoride concentration. The more complex dietary fluoride exposure estimates did not improve predictive capability compared with the simple, spatial models. We conclude that in actively managed wildlife populations, simple, locally validated models can provide estimates of bone fluoride accumulation sufficient to support decision-making.
Association between fluoride, magnesium, aluminum and bone quality in renal osteodystrophy
INTRODUCTION: Trace elements are known to influence bone metabolism; however, their effects may be exacerbated in renal failure because dialysis patients are unable to excrete excess elements properly. Our study correlated bone quality in dialysis patients with levels of bone fluoride, magnesium, and aluminum. A number of studies have linked
Silencing GSK3ß instead of DKK1 can inhibit osteogenic differentiation caused by co-exposure to fluoride and arsenic.
Highlights Wnt signaling is involved in the osteogenic differentiation caused by co-exposure to F and As. Silencing GSK3ß can inhibit osteogenic differentiation caused by co-exposure to F and As. Silencing DKK1 cannot inhibit osteogenic differentiation caused by co-exposure to F and As. The interaction between F and As of the
Renal osteodystrophy in patients on long-term hemodialysis with fluoridated water
Serum and bone fluoride concentrations of ten patients maintained on long-term hemodialysis with fluoridated water (1 ppm, i.e., 50uM) were correlated with duration of treatment and the occurrence of clinical, radiological, and histological manifestations of bone disease. Two patients had symptomatic renal osteodystrophy when accepted on the program, whereas six
Effects of supplementation with conjugated dienes of linoleic acid on fluoride, calcium, and magnesium levels in hard tissues and serum of mice.
With the recognition of their ability to promote weight loss, conjugated dienes of linoleic acid (CLA) have become the main ingredient of certain dietary supplements to counteract obesity. The results of prospective studies, however, indicate there may be long-term side effects that could be of key importance for the safety
Industrial fluorosis [Franke et al.]
This is a review of findings on workers in an aluminum plant with industrial fluorosis. Early signs of the disease are nocturnal back pains and restriction of the rotation of the trunk. Stage I of the disease usually occurs after 10 years, stage II after 15 years and stage III
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Fluoridation, Dialysis & Osteomalacia
In the 1960s and 1970s, doctors discovered that patients receiving kidney dialysis were accumulating very high levels of fluoride in their bones and blood, and that this exposure was associated with severe forms of osteomalacia, a bone-softening disease that leads to weak bones and often excruciating bone pain. Based on
As demonstrated by the studies below, skeletal fluorosis may produce adverse symptoms, including arthritic pains, clinical osteoarthritis, gastrointestinal disturbances, and bone fragility, before the classic bone change of fluorosis (i.e., osteosclerosis in the spine and pelvis) is detectable by x-ray. Relying on x-rays, therefore, to diagnosis skeletal fluorosis will invariably fail to protect those individuals who are suffering from the pre-skeletal phase of the disease. Moreover, some individuals with clinical skeletal fluorosis will not develop an increase in bone density, let alone osteosclerosis, of the spine. Thus, relying on unusual increases in spinal bone density will under-detect the rate of skeletal fluoride poisoning in a population.
Nutrient Deficiencies Enhance Fluoride Toxicity
It has been known since the 1930s that poor nutrition enhances the toxicity of fluoride. As discussed below, nutrient deficiencies have been specifically linked to increased susceptibility to fluoride-induced tooth damage (dental fluorosis), bone damage (osteomalacia), neurotoxicity (reduced intelligence), and mutagenicity. The nutrients of primary importance appear to be calcium,
Unheeded Warnings: Government Health Authorities Ignore Fluoride Risk for Kidney Patients
Despite the well known fact that individuals with kidney disease are at much higher risk of fluoride toxicity than the general population, there has yet to be any attempt in the United States, or any other country that practices mass-scale water fluoridation to determine the prevalence of fluoride-related effects (e.g.,
Fluoride & Osteoarthritis
While the osteoarthritic effects that occurred from fluoride exposure were once considered to be limited to those with skeletal fluorosis, recent research shows that fluoride can cause osteoarthritis in the absence of traditionally defined fluorosis. Conventional methods used for detecting skeletal fluorosis, therefore, will fail to detect the full range of people suffering from fluoride-induced osteoarthritis.
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