Note from Fluoride Action Network:
This is the same study that was published by the journal Journal of Dentistry and Oral Hygiene in 2011.
A study was conducted to evaluate the effect of high and low fluoride (F) in
the drinking water on the Intelligence Quotient (IQ) of young schoolchildren in two
otherwise similar high-altitude communities in a mountainous region of Kerman Province,
Iran. The study sample consisted of 120 boys and girls age 7–9: 60 in the city of
Koohbanan (pop. 12,253; elev. 2200 m) with 2.38 ppm F in the water and 60 in the city of
Baft (pop. 14,628; elev. 2300 m) with 0.41 ppm F in the water. Using a Persian version of
Raven’s Progressive Matrices Intelligence Test, the mean IQ scores of the children in low
F Baft was 97.80±15.95, and in high F Koohbanan it was significantly lower at 91.37±15.63
(p = 0.028).
Developmental fluoride neurotoxicity: an updated review.
Background After the discovery of fluoride as a caries-preventing agent in the mid-twentieth century, fluoridation of community water has become a widespread intervention, sometimes hailed as a mainstay of modern public health. However, this practice results in elevated fluoride intake and has become controversial for two reasons. First, topical fluoride application
Developmental neurotoxicity of fluoride: a quantitative risk analysis toward establishing a safe daily dose of fluoride for children
Background: A recent 2015 study from New Zealand indicated water fluoridation did not have an effect on children’s IQs. A 2012 meta-analysis showed that children with higher fluoride exposure have lower IQs than similar children with lower exposures. Levels of the fluoride ion (F) in blood and urine in children
Effect of fluoride in drinking water on children's intelligence in high and low fluoride areas of Delhi
Introduction: Fluoride is one of the indispensable elements for the living being. However, the intake of F above the threshold level can affect the central nervous system even before causing dental or skeletal fluorosis. Aim: The aim was to assess the effect of fluoride in drinking water on the intelligence quotient
A cross-sectional study to assess the intelligence quotient (IQ) of school going children aged 10-12 years in villages of Mysore district, India with different fluoride levels.
Introduction: Besides dental and skeletal fluorosis, excessive fluoride intake can also affect the central nervous system without first causing the physical deformities associated with skeletal fluorosis. With the existence of widespread endemic fluorosis in India, the possible adverse effect of elevated fluoride in drinking water on the Intelligence Quotient (IQ)
Dopamine receptor D2 gene polymorphism, urine fluoride, and intelligence impairment of children in China: A school-based cross-sectional study.
Highlights Urine fluoride was inversely associated with IQ. DRD2 Taq 1A polymorphism was not related to IQ in children exposed to high fluoride. Urine fluoride had a stronger association with IQ in children with TT genotype. The threshold of urine fluoride affecting IQ in children with TT genotype existed. Objective:
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NRC (2006): Fluoride's Neurotoxicity and Neurobehavioral Effects
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The possibility that fluoride ingestion may impair intelligence and other indices of neurological function is supported by a vast body of animal research, including over 40 studies that have investigated fluoride's effects on brain quality in animals. As discussed by the National Research Council, the studies have consistently demonstrated that fluoride, at widely varying concentrations, is toxic to the brain.
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