Note from Fluoride Action Network:
This is the same study that was published by the journal Journal of Dentistry and Oral Hygiene in 2011.
A study was conducted to evaluate the effect of high and low fluoride (F) in
the drinking water on the Intelligence Quotient (IQ) of young schoolchildren in two
otherwise similar high-altitude communities in a mountainous region of Kerman Province,
Iran. The study sample consisted of 120 boys and girls age 7–9: 60 in the city of
Koohbanan (pop. 12,253; elev. 2200 m) with 2.38 ppm F in the water and 60 in the city of
Baft (pop. 14,628; elev. 2300 m) with 0.41 ppm F in the water. Using a Persian version of
Raven’s Progressive Matrices Intelligence Test, the mean IQ scores of the children in low
F Baft was 97.80±15.95, and in high F Koohbanan it was significantly lower at 91.37±15.63
(p = 0.028).
Decreased intelligence in children and exposure to fluoride and arsenic in drinking water.
Recent evidence suggests that fluoride (F) and arsenic (As) may adversely affect intelligence quotient (IQ) scores. We explore the association between exposure to F and As in drinking water and intelligence in children. Three rural communities in Mexico with contrasting levels of F and As in drinking water were studied:
Effect of high-fluoride water supply on children’s intelligence.
In Shanxi Province, China, children living in the endemic fluoride village of Sima (water supply F = 4.12 mg/L) located near Xiaoyi City had average IQ (97.69) significantly lower (p < 0.02) than children living to the north in the nonendemic village of Xinghua (F = 0.91 mg/L; average IQ = 105.21). These differences were not
Using drawing tests to measure intelligence in children from areas impacted by combined Al-F endemic toxicosis (Shuicheng, Guizhou).
Measurements of intelligence via drawing tests have been conducted to examine the intelligence development of children from regions affected by combined AIF endemic toxicosis. A selected number of 196 children between 6.5 and 12 years of age participated in the testing. Across all age groups, the average IQ level of children from
Research on the effects of fluoride on child intellectual development under different environments
Goal: To study the effects of the fluoride and iodine content of drinking water on child intellectual development and the interaction between the two factors and also the relationship of educational factors to such development. Methods: The subjects of the investigation were 8- to 14-year-old children randomly selected from endemic areas as well
Effect of fluoride exposure on intelligence quotient (IQ) among 13-15 year old school children of known endemic area of fluorosis, Nalagonda District, Andhra Pradesh
Background: Waning controversy over fluoride and water fluoridation is rekindling with the findings released from certain fluoride studies which reported an inverse association between fluoride exposure and intelligence. Objective: To assess the relationship between exposure to different drinking water fluoride levels and children's Intelligence Quotient (IQ) among 13-15 year old school
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Fluoride Affects Learning & Memory in Animals
An association between elevated fluoride exposure and reduced intelligence has now been observed in 65 IQ studies. Although a link between fluoride and intelligence might initially seem surprising or random, it is actually consistent with a large body of animal research. This animal research includes the following 45 studies (out
Fluoride & IQ: 74 Studies
• As of May 2022, a total of 83 human studies have investigated the relationship between fluoride and human intelligence. • Of these investigations, 74 studies have reported that elevated fluoride exposure is associated with reduced IQ in humans. • The studies which reported an association of reduced IQ with exposure to
Fluoride's Effect on Fetal Brain
The human placenta does not prevent the passage of fluoride from a pregnant mother's bloodstream to the fetus. As a result, a fetus can be harmed by fluoride ingested pregnancy. Based on research from China, the fetal brain is one of the organs susceptible to fluoride poisoning. As highlighted by the excerpts
NRC (2006): Fluoride's Neurotoxicity and Neurobehavioral Effects
The NRC's analysis on fluoride and the brain.
Fluoride's Direct Effects on Brain: Animal Studies
The possibility that fluoride ingestion may impair intelligence and other indices of neurological function is supported by a vast body of animal research, including over 40 studies that have investigated fluoride's effects on brain quality in animals. As discussed by the National Research Council, the studies have consistently demonstrated that fluoride, at widely varying concentrations, is toxic to the brain.
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